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Unit 9 America in the Depression Era Honors US AMDG

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Farm Holiday Association. The 'Bonus Army' Ominous Signs for the Republicans in '32 ... Bank Holiday / Banking Relief Act. FDIC. HOLC. NRA. c). Agricultural Programs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 9 America in the Depression Era Honors US AMDG


1
Unit 9 America in the Depression Era Honors
US AMDG
2
  • Introduction
  • The 1920s
  • 1). Economic Growth
  • 2). Cultural Vibrancy
  • 3). Conservative Politics
  • The Depression ? 1929-1941
  • 1). Major Economic Correction
  • 2). Government Response
  • 3). FDR the New Deal
  • I). The 1920s ? The New Era
  • A). The American Economy The Roaring 20s
  • 1). Generalities

1920s Flapper
1930s Dust Bowl
3
Orson Wells War of the Worlds
  • Growth Characteristics?
  • 4 Unemployment Rate
  • Consumerism Higher Standard of Living
  • 64 General Increase in MFG
  • 45 of Rural/Urban Population in Poverty
  • Causes of Prosperity?
  • 1). Post War European Demand
  • 2). Automotive Production
  • 3). Growth of New Industries
  • 4). Corporate Consolidation / Trade Assoc.
  • 5). Conservative Government
  • 2). Labor in the New Era
  • Limited Benefits of Welfare Capitalism
  • 1920-1929?
  • 1/3 of Laborers Lived Below Poverty Line
  • Wages Substantially Below Profit Margins

John Lewis of the United Mine Workers
4
  • 3). Agricultural Technology the Plight of the
    Farmer
  • 1918-1921 Prosperity ?
  • European Demand
  • Government Wartime Regulation
  • Pro-Agrarian Progressivism
  • New Technologies
  • Result?
  • 35 Million Additional US Acres in Cultivation
    by 1922
  • Farming Struggles in the 20s ?
  • New Technologies Expansion Debts
  • Overproduction Crisis
  • Attrition Statistics
  • Conservative Government Failure of the McNary
    Haugen Bill 1924-1928

5
  • B). American Culture in the 1920s
  • 1). Entertainment
  • Mass Circulation Magazines Advertising
  • Films
  • Radio
  • Literature
  • 2). Women Minorities
  • a). Women
  • Voting Characteristics
  • Pink-Collar Jobs
  • Behavioral Justification
  • Flapper Image
  • b). Harlem Renaissance
  • Harlem the Great Migration
  • The New Negro Publication

Fatty Arbuckle Scandal, 1921
Chain Gang William Johnson
6
Darrow Bryan During the Monkey Trial
  • 3). Moral Issues
  • a). Education
  • Mandatory Public Education the Deterioration
    of the Self-Made Man Myth
  • Secondary Education Stats
  • Arena of Conflict between Fundamentalists and
    Modernists The Scopes Monkey Trial, 1925
  • b). Prohibition
  • 18th Amendment Higher Alcohol Consumption
  • Popularity of the Speakeasy Culture
  • Access Smuggled / Home Brews
  • Dominated by Organized Crime
  • 1933 Repeal w/ the 21st Amendment
  • c). Nativism
  • Post War Surge in Immigration
  • Nativist Fears
  • Quota Act of 1924
  • The 1920s KKK

1920s Speakeasy
7
  • C). 1920s Politics
  • Introduction
  • Republican Dominance a Return of the Gilded
    Age
  • Death of Roosevelt Post-War Disillusionment
  • The Return to Normalcy Isolation
  • Limited Government Regulation to Stabilize
    Economy
  • 1). Warren G. Harding (1920-23)
  • Path to the Presidency
  • Achievements
  • Veterans Bureau
  • Reduction of Income Tax
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act
  • Bureau of Budget Act
  • Successful Appointments
  • Scandals
  • Col. Forbes and the Veterans Bureau

Harding (1921-23)
Coolidge (1923-29)
Hoover (1929-33)
8
  • 2). Calvin Coolidge Silent Cal (1923-29)
  • The man who builds a factory builds a temple
  • Path to the Presidency / Election of 1924
  • Belief in Conservative Government Tax Reduction
    ? Tariff
  • Moral Integrity and the Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Legislative Vetoes
  • McNary-Haugen Bill
  • Veteran Bonuses
  • Dawes Plan of 1924
  • 3). Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
  • Background / Election of 1928 Rum, Romanism and
    Ruin
  • Isolation, Individualism, Free Enterprise and
    Small Gov.
  • Booming Industrial Economy 1919-29 64 Output
    Increase
  • Economic Plan Associationalism

Hoover Cabinet, 1929
9
Typical Bread Line
  • II). The Great Depression
  • A). Causes
  • 1). The 1929 Crash
  • 2). Lack of Diversification
  • 3). Maldistribution of Purchasing Power
  • 4). Overproduction
  • 5). Credit Structure
  • 6). Global Economic Problems
  • B). Effects of the Depression
  • 1). General Economic Effects
  • Gross National Product (GNP) Shifts 1929-33
  • Bank Closures
  • Unemployment Rates
  • 2). Hoovers Policies

Central Park Hooverville
10
  • (Notable Hoover Polices Continued)
  • 1931 Debt Moratorium the Hawley Smoot
    Tariff
  • 1931 Federal Farm Board
  • 1932 The Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  • 3). Popular Protest
  • 1932 Peak of Depression Civil Desperation
  • Farm Holiday Association
  • The Bonus Army
  • Ominous Signs for the Republicans in 32
  • C). Cultural Effects of the Depression
  • 1). Depression Values
  • No Real Cultural Deviation Endurance of
    Traditional American Emphasis on the Individual
  • Self-Blame
  • D. Carnegies How to Win Friends and Influence
    People

11
  • 2). Popular Culture
  • Literature Emphasis on Exploring Rural Poverty
    / General Disenfranchisement
  • Prevalence of Escapism in Radio / Film
  • 3). Demographic Effects
  • Women
  • Dustbowl Farmers
  • African Americans
  • III). FDR the New Deal
  • Introduction
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt Background
  • Presidency
  • Significance
  • Great expansion of power / scope of federal
    government the Presidency
  • A). New Deal Philosophy
  • 1932 Election Vague Promises of Economic
    Recovery

FDR, 1940 Inauguration
12
  • 1st 100 Days ?
  • March 4, 1933 Special Session of Congress to
    Deal w/ Economic Collapse
  • Congress Passed into Law Each of FDRs Requests
  • B). New Deal Programs
  • 1). 1st 100 Days Immediate Implications ?
  • a). Social Programs
  • Prohibition Repealed
  • Fireside Chats
  • FERA / PWA / CCC / TVA
  • b). Economic / Industrial Programs
  • Bank Holiday / Banking Relief Act
  • FDIC
  • HOLC
  • NRA

Roosevelt and the CCC
13
  • 2). Post 100 Days Programs 1933 34 ?
  • CWA (Civil Works Administration)
  • SEC (Securities Exchange Commission)
  • FHA (Federal Housing Administration)
  • Shift off the Gold Standard
  • 3). The 2nd New Deal
  • 1933-34 Emphasis on Recovery
  • 1934-35 Relief Reforms
  • a). Relief Programs
  • WPA (Works Progress Administration)
  • NYA (National Youth Administration)
  • RA (Resettlement Administration)
  • b). Reform
  • Social Security
  • Wagner Act
  • Revenue Act

14
Election of 1936
  • C). Critics of the New Deal
  • 1). Conservative Critics
  • Major Conservative Complaints ?
  • 1. Degree of Gov. Regulation
  • 2. Pro-Union Stance
  • 3. Deficit Spending
  • Election of 1936 ?
  • FDRs Popularity / Critics
  • Alf Landon
  • Solid Democratic Coalition
  • FDRs Court Battle ?
  • Significance of the 1936 Election
  • The Conservative Supreme Court
  • Court Packing Plan
  • Aftermath

15
Fr. Coughlin
  • 2). Liberal Critics
  • Liberal Issues ?
  • 1. Too much to assist business community
  • 2. Not enough aid to poor women, the elderly,
    ethnic minorities in particular
  • Father Charles Coughlin
  • National Union for Social Justice
  • Currency Inflation / Nationalization of Banks
  • Fascist / Anti-Semitic Leanings
  • Dr. Francis Townsend
  • Secured Income for Elderly
  • 2 Federal Sales Tax
  • Impetus behind Social Security Act
  • Huey Long
  • Share our Wealth Program
  • 1935 Presidential Announcement

Long
Townsend
16
  • D). Last Phase of the New Deal
  • 1). Rise of Unions
  • Wagner Act Unionization ?
  • 1920s 3 Million Members
  • 1941 10 Million Members
  • AFL CIO Conflict
  • Major Strikes ?
  • GM the UAW
  • Republic Steel the CIO
  • Fair Labor Standards Act
  • 2). The Roosevelt Recession
  • Employment Transitions from 1933-1937
  • Recession Causes
  • Social Security Tax
  • Curtailing Federal Expenditures
  • Keynesian Theory 1938 Economic Rebound
  • 1938 Midterm Elections

John L. Lewis, President, CIO
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