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Interior Design Legislation


Update on Alabama Practice Act ... Homes should be planned universally. Universal recommendations ... Manufacturers have new processes to control ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Interior Design Legislation

Interior Design Legislation
  • Your right to practice!

Title vs Practice Act
  • Title Acts are laws that legislate the title of
    interior designer. In order to call yourself an
    interior designer, you may need certain
    requirements (varies by state) such as a FIDER
    education, NCIDQ exam and a specified number of
    years experience.
  • Practice Act is more stringent. This law
    stipulates who can practice interior design.
  • Question Which state was the first to pass

Alabama was the first!
  • Title Act was in 1982
  • Practice Act was in 2001
  • Interior Designer and Registered Interior
  • Must be from a FIDER/CIDA accredited school
  • 2 years experience

Update on Alabama Practice Act
  • Justice Parker stated,
  • "If the public interest is not threatened by
    allowing homeowners and businesspersons to design
    their own houses and offices, it is difficult to
    understand how that interest is threatened by
    allowing them to retain interior designers who
    are not certified."
  • He concluded by saying
  • Not only are the appellee designer's rights
    to contract and to engage in her chosen
    occupation at stake in this case, but also the
    rights of the people of Alabama to contract with
    her. If a homeowner or businessperson wants to
    express himself by decorating his home or his
    office in a certain way, and if that person
    believes appellee designer can best provide the
    design that he desires, the State should not tell
    that person that he may not contract with
    appellee designer merely because appellee
    designer lacks state certification or an
    academic degree. Nor should this Court embrace
    the paternalistic notion that the average citizen
    is incapable of choosing a competent interior
    designer without the State's help. The economic
    liberty of contract remains a protected right in
    Alabama, especially in a field like interior
    design that involves expressive activity."

Legislative Map
Opposition to Legislation
  • AIA
  • NKBA
  • Institute of Justice
  • Interior Design Freedom Coalition
  • Decorators

Enforcing Legislation
  • State licensing board
  • Fines for each incident (not project)

  • Continuing Education Units
  • Ranges from 5 10 hours per year of additional
  • Must be related to health, safety and welfare
  • Obtained thru ASID and IIDA and be IDCEC

Chapter 2
  • Special Considerations in Design

Two Important Design Considerations
  • Design for special needs
  • ADA American with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Universal Design
  • Ambulatory impaired
  • Hearing impaired
  • Visual impaired
  • Elderly
  • Environmental Considerations
  • Waste
  • Air pollution
  • Light and energy

What is ADA?
  • The ADA is a federal civil law signed into
    legislation on July 26th, 1990 by President
    George Bush.
  • It prohibits discrimination against people with
  • It is designed to make American society more
    accessible to persons with disabilities.

  • The ADA laws became enforceable in 1992 and 1993.
  • The ADA is divided into 5 parts, regulating
  • Employment
  • Public Services
  • Public Accommodations
  • Telecommunications
  • Miscellaneous

Part III Public Accommodations
  • Refers mainly to accessibility requirement of
    public buildings including
  • Hotels, restaurants, auditoriums, shopping
    centers, banks, hospitals, museums, libraries,
    educational facilities, child care centers, and
    recreational facilities
  • This is the section that we will focus on.

Myths and Facts about ADA
  • MYTH ADA requires business to spend lots of
    money to make their existing facilities
  • FACT ADA law requires that public
    accommodations remove architectural barriers in
    existing facilities when it is readily
    achievable (Can be done without much difficulty
    or expense. Easy steps include adding ramps,
    installing grab bars, lowering paper towel
    dispensers, rearranging furniture, installing
    offset hinges to widen a doorway, painting new
    lines to create an accessible parking space.

Myths and Facts about ADA
  • MYTH The government thinks everything is
    readily achievable.
  • FACT Not true Installing elevators is not
    considered readily achievable. Maybe there
    isnt room to add a ramp, the business could
    provide curb-side service.

Myths and Facts about ADA
  • MYTH The ADA requires extensive renovation of
    all state and local government buildings to make
    them accessible.
  • FACT The ADA requires all government programs,
    not buildings to be accessible. Not every
    building, nor each part of every building need to
    be accessible. Structural modifications are
    required only when there is no alternative
    available for providing program access. Example
    A library has an inaccessible second floor. No
    elevator is needed if a staff member retrieves
    the books needed.

Myths and Facts about ADA
  • MYTH Businesses must pay large fines when they
    violate the ADA
  • FACT Courts may levy civil penalties only in
    cases brought by the Justice Department, not
    private litigants. The Department only seeks
    such penalties when the violation is substantial
    and the business has shown bad faith in failing
    to comply. The Department also considers a
    business size and resources in determining
    whether civil penalties are appropriate.

What is an accessible route?
  • An accessible route is a continuous, unobstructed
    path connecting all accessible elements and
    spaces in a building or facility. This includes
    pathways, corridors, doorways, floors, ramps,
    elevators and clear floor space at fixtures.

  • Clear width shall be 44
  • Landings shall be at least 60 in length
  • Slope rise to run ratio of 112
  • For every 30 rise, there should be an
    intervening flat area.
  • Handrails should extend 12 beyond the top and
    bottom ramp landings.
  • Handrails should have 1 ½ space between the
    handrail and wall.

Entrances, Exits, and Interior Routes
  • 36 Clear space beyond the latch side of the
    entrance door.
  • 12-18 clear space at latch side of interior
  • 32 clear width on door openings.
  • Door hardware not higher than 48.
  • Lever style door hardware.
  • Maximum opening force of 8.5 lbs on exterior
    hinged doors.
  • Maximum opening force of 5 lbs on interior doors.
  • Threshold not higher than ½ with beveled edge.
  • For two doors in a series, there must be 48
    between the open doors.
  • Sweep period of door closing should be at least 3
  • Signs must be provided to denote the accessible
  • Floor area inside and outside each door should be
    level for a distance of 5 from the direction the
    door swings.
  • Doors should be identified with either raised or
    indented letters/ numerals which identify the
  • Doors signs should be placed between 4-6
    5-6 AFF.

  • 80 clear headroom to avoid overhead hazards.
    (Includes alarms, and signs)
  • Routes should be clear of water fountains, pay
    phones and other protruding objects. Objects
    with their leading edges between 27 and 80 high
    shall not protrude more than 4 into the route.
  • Objects with their leading edge at 27 or below
    may protrude any amount as long as the route does
    not reduce pathway clearance below 36 wide.
  • One 60 x 60 passing space every 200 feet

Protruding Objects
Accessible Telephones
Accessible Controls
  • Uniform step heights from 4 - 7 high
  • Tread depths at 11
  • No overhang greater than 1 ½
  • Handrails extend 12 past last step

  • At least one restroom is provide on an accessible
  • Unobstructed 60 x 60 space for wheelchair turn
  • Toilet should be 18 from centerline to wall or
    adjacent partition.
  • Toilet seat should be 17-20 high
  • Stall door shall be 32 clear
  • Standard accessible stall is 56 x 60
  • Grab bars at 33 36 AFF and 36 or 42 wide
  • Lever style faucets
  • Hot/cold pipe (if exposed) shall be covered
  • Counter tops not higher than 34 AFF with at
    least 29 clearance from floor to top of apron.
  • Clear floor space in front of sink shall be 30 x
  • Mirrors shall be mounted with the bottom edge
    mounted no higher than 40 AFF

Page 183 of The Codes Guidebook for Interiors
Lavatory Clearances
Drinking Fountains
  • One drinking fountain for every 75 occupants.
  • Each floor must have its own fountain.
  • If available, 50 should be accessible on each
  • If only one available, is it on an accessible
  • Spout shall be no higher than 36 AFF
  • Recessed fountains shall have 24 maximum side
    walls and 30 minimum width.
  • Clear floor space of 30 x 48

(No Transcript)
Universal Design
  • Design that meets the needs of all users without
    drawing attention to to persons with
  • It is not the ADA.
  • Homes should be planned universally

Universal recommendations
  • Lever type handles
  • Hard surface flooring
  • Little to no thresholds (1/2 minimum)
  • Wider doors (32 clearance)
  • Level plan (no steps)
  • Varying counter top heights with kneespace in
  • Taller toe kick (12 vs 4)
  • Reinforcing walls for future grab bars
  • Wheelchair Accessible shower
  • D shaped pulls on cabinets
  • Window sills at a min. of 36 AFF

Hearing Impaired
  • Reduce noise reverberation and improve acoustics.
    (carpet or fabric wall coverings, ceiling tiles)
  • Good lighting for lip reading and signing
  • Round tables are better than square or
  • Visual warning signs are needed. Telephone,
    doorbell, alarm clock, fire alarm, crying baby.
  • Special phone systems TDD (Telecommunication
    device for the deaf

Visual Impairment
  • Design around hearing and touch
  • Textured door handles to indicate danger
  • Landing and curbs that are textures
  • Handrails 1 foot beyond last step
  • Always consider protruding objects
  • Signage with Braille and audible signals
  • Rounded edges on furniture and counterops

Design for the Elderly
  • Limited mobility, loss of hearing, and loss of
  • Also, memory loss
  • Use visual contrast (depth perception)
  • Wayfinding
  • Yellowing of cornea
  • Incontinence

Environmental Considerations
Challenge to Society
  • We stand at a crossroads. For the first time
    we face the prospect of irreversible changes in
    our planets life support systems. The growing
    human population and the by-products of our
    industrial and technological society threaten our
    planets air, water, climate and biodiversity.
    These threats present a challenge to our society
    to learn to live in harmony with our planet.
  • The Center for Environmental Studies

Sustainable Design Definition
  • Sustainable design, also referred to as green
    design, is the design of products and structures
    with sensitivity to health and the environment.
    Special consideration is placed on the impact of
    materials on the environment, not only in the
    conservation of natural resources, but also in
    the health of built environments to the
    individuals that occupy them.

Leading the way
  • Manufacturers and the design community can lead
    the way to easing the burden on our countrys
  • Through manufacturing processes
  • And disposal of products

The environmental impact
  • of building is significant. In the US alone,
    buildings represent
  • 65.2 of electricity consumption
  • 30 of total greenhouse gas emissions
  • 136 million tons of construction and demolition
  • 33 of total waste in North America is from
    construction renovation and demolition of

The US is falling behind!
  • While efforts are increasing to conserve, America
    is falling way behind other countries
  • North America makes up 5 of the worlds
    population yet uses 25 of the worlds energy.
  • People are consuming the earths resources 20
    faster than its ability to support renewal.

What does this mean?
  • It means that the US is not doing its part to be
    the world leader.
  • If China and other developing nations were to
    emulate Americas resource consumption and
    wasteful lifestyle, the world would plunge into a
    tremendous economic and environmental crisis.

New Energy Law
  • Bans incandescent light bulbs by 2014
  • The phase-out of incandescent light is to begin
    with the 100-watt bulb in 2012 and end in 2014
    with the 40-watt.
  • All light bulbs must use 25 percent to 30 percent
    less 2014. By 2020, bulbs must be 70 percent more
    efficient than they are today.

What is LEED?
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
LEED Certification
AIA Honolulu, LEED-CI Gold
Intergen, LEED-CI Certified
LEED is a voluntary, consensus-based national
standard (1999) for developing high-performance,
sustainable buildings. Members of the U.S. Green
Building Council (USGBC) representing all
segments of the building industry developed LEED
and continue to contribute to its evolution.
LEED was created to
  • define "green building" by establishing a common
    standard of measurement
  • promote integrated, whole-building design
  • recognize environmental leadership in the
    building industry
  • stimulate green competition
  • raise consumer awareness of green building
  • transform the building market

LEED Rating Systems
LEED focuses on
  • Sustainable sites
  • Water efficiency
  • Energy and atmosphere
  • Materials and resources
  • Indoor environmental air quality
  • Innovation and design process

Waste and Green Products
  • Renewable products (10 year cycle) vs. non
  • Bamboo
  • Cork
  • rubber
  • Exotic woods and hardwoods are not renewable
  • Use Non-toxic (low VOC) materials that dont
  • Look for antimicrobial finishes
  • No asbestos
  • No formaldehyde
  • No PVC

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
  • Asbestos best known VOC and environmental
  • Used in resilient flooring prior to the 1980s
  • Used in ceiling coatings (Commons)
  • EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) and OSHA
    (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
    regulate the handling of asbestos materials.

Formaldehyde (VOC)
  • Used in many products you will specify
  • Kitchen cabinets
  • RTA furniture
  • Any product made of particle board, oriented
    strand board or MDF (Multi-Density Fiberboard)

Why is formaldehyde used?
  • Glue and adhesive in pressed wood (as a
  • Preservative in paints and coatings
  • As a coating for permanent press qualities for
  • Insulation materials

Symptoms of Formaldehyde
  • Watery eyes
  • Burning sensations in the eyes, ears, nose and
  • Nausea
  • Coughing
  • Chest thightness
  • Wheezing
  • Skin rashes
  • Allergic reactions

Reducing Formaldehyde
  • Manufacturers have new processes to control
    formaldehyde emission
  • US standards are the lowest in the world.
  • Other ways to reduce emission
  • Let product age
  • Use low emission resin technology
  • Use formaldehyde scavengers (sulfite or ammonia
  • Use coatings and laminates (reduce by 95) as a
    vapor barrier

Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC)
  • An inexpensive material that is very durable
  • Used in flooring
  • A source for Dioxin which is the most potent
    carcinogen known to science
  • Causes dysfunctions in the immune and
    reproductive systems as well as birth defects.
  • Avoid products that contain PVC.

How do you find Green Products?
  • Look for the labels and read the specs
  • Learn how a product was manufacturered and
  • Green Seal
  • Energy Star
  • CRI Labels