Archivists and Curators Conflicting and Concordant Ideologies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Archivists and Curators Conflicting and Concordant Ideologies


1
Archivists and Curators Conflicting and
Concordant Ideologies
  • A student said to an Archivist, "Is there any
    tension between a Curator and an Archivist, in
    regards to an institution's collection."
  • The Archivist said, "Yes, because they have
    different perspectives on the public
    accessibility to the collection."
  • Archivists and Curators are not alike. Many
    employment listings and job descriptions
    seemingly use the terms interchangeably.
  • Why? What is going on?
  • The examination follows.

2
An Archivist
  • ODLIS The person responsible for managing and
    maintaining an archival collection, usually a
    librarian with special training in archival
    practices and methods, including the
    identification and appraisal of records of
    archival value, authentication, accessioning,
    description and documentation, facilitation of
    access and use, preservation and conservation,
    and exhibition and publication to benefit
    scholarship and satisfy public interest.

3
An Archivist
  • SAA An individual responsible for appraising,
    acquiring, arranging, describing, preserving, and
    providing access to records of enduring value,
    according to the principles of provenance,
    original order, and collective control to protect
    the materials authenticity and context.
  • ACA Archivists through a combination of
    education and experience...identify, manage,
    preserve, and make available records with
    enduring value for documentation, research, and
    other purposes.

4
An Archivist
  • ICA Archives constitute the memory of nations
    and of societies, shape their identity, and are a
    cornerstone of the information society. By
    guaranteeing citizens rights of access to
    official information and to knowledge of their
    history, archives are fundamental to democracy,
    accountability and good governance.
  • ISA From their Constitution--The Society shall
    promote increased access to and use of
    archives...increase public interest...rescue

5
An Archivist
  • Archivist's Primer (Getty Info Inst, The J. Paul
    Getty Trust) The archival principles and
    practices...employed by archivists make it
    possible for the professional researcher and
    layperson alike to pursue their inquiries among
    the vast archival resources of our cultural
    heritage institutions and to discover information
    that would otherwise be lost from view.

6
Archivists and CuratorsOccupational Outlook
Handbook
  • Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians
  • OOH, Bureau of Labor Statistics, US DoL
  • Archivists
  • provide access to original source material
  • ensure for easy retrieval
  • make records more accessible to researchers
  • strive for electronic exhibition of holdings

7
Archivists and CuratorsOOH cont.
  • Curators
  • administer the affairs of a given institution
  • direct the exhibition of collections
  • oversee and help conduct the institutions
    research projects and related educational
    programs
  • fund raise and promote
  • maintain their collections, do research, and
    perform administrative tasks

8
A Curator
  • ODLIS A person responsible for the development,
    care, organization, and supervision of a museum,
    gallery, or other exhibit space and all the
    objects stored or displayed in it, a role
    requiring considerable knowledge and experience
    when items are selected on the basis of artistic
    merit or connoisseurship. Also, a person in
    charge of a special collection, trained to assist
    users in locating and interpreting its holdings.

9
A Curator
  • Museum jobs, Museums Association, Great Britain
    ...is a subject specialist with a detailed
    knowledge of the collection...time will be spent
    researching and writing about that
    collection...involved in marketing, fundraising,
    working with schools and planning
    exhibitions...core task of a curator remains
    working with objects - acquiring, researching,
    storing and interpreting them for the public
  • curators are also called keepers.

10
A Curator
  • Curators Code of Ethics, Curator's Committee,
    American Association of Museums ...grants access
    to the greatest extent possible, provides
    information for interpretation and display,
    produces exhibitions, conducts research and
    publishes findings, and contributes to the
    educational mission of his or her institution.

11
A CuratorCurators Code of Ethics cont
  • As interpreters, they provide the scholarly and
    philosophical foundation for the collection.
  • As connoisseurs, they use their experiences and
    trained eye to make informed decisions about
    objects in or related to the collections.

12
The Concordance
  • Archivists and Curators
  • acquire and preserve
  • describe, categorise, analyse, and catalogue
  • plan and oversee educational and public outreach
    programs
  • conduct research relevant to their collections
  • promote and fund-raise

13
The Confliction
  • Archivists should provide for access and use, in
    order to benefit and satisfy academic and general
    public interests. Open Access.
  • Curators should assist users in the
    interpretation of their holdings by mounting
    exhibits. Access via Interpretive Exhibition.

14
The Jobs
  • Curator/Archivist, Archivist/Curator,
  • and other combinations therein
  • Friends Collection
  • Earlham College
  • College Archivist and Curator
  • books, pamphlets, diaries, letters, meeting
    records...
  • The Paper Discovery Center
  • Curator/Archivist
  • exhibitions, archive and library 'coming soon'

15
The Jobs cont.
  • Moakley Archive
  • Suffolk University Law School
  • Archivist/Curator
  • papers, memorabilia...
  • Thomas J. Dodd Research Center
  • University of Connecticut Libraries
  • University Archivist and Curator
  • manuscripts, book, pamphlets, broadsides, photos,
    prints, av materials

16
The Jobs cont.
  • Special and Area Studies Collections
  • University of Florida George A. Smathers
    Libraries
  • Curator of Manuscripts and Archives
  • books, pamphlets, playbills, manuscripts...
  • Tutt Library
  • Colorado College
  • Curator and Archivist
  • books, pamphlets, periodicals, manuscript
    collections...

17
The Jobs cont.
  • Julian P. Kanter Political Commercial Archive
  • University of Oklahoma
  • Curator/Archivist
  • audio and visual collection of political radio
    and television commercials, and related ephemera
  • Special Collections
  • Wichita State University Libraries
  • Curator of Special Collections and University
    Archivist
  • manuscripts, books, maps...

18
The Jobs cont.
  • Missionary Church Archives
  • Archivist/Curator
  • manuscripts, papers, records
  • The Bancroft Library
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Curator, Rare Books and Literary Manuscripts
  • Special Collections
  • University of Arizona Libraries
  • Associate Librarian and Archivist
  • rare books, manuscript collections, photos...

19
The Why
  • To reiterate in slightly different terms
  • Archivists are not generally Connoisseurs, that
    is, educated in the Fine Arts. They are trained
    and educated in Archives, experts that they are.
  • Curators are Connoisseurs, that is, they
    generally have a background/education in either
    The Arts, The Classics, or Archaeology/Anthropolog
    y.

20
The Conundrum It's Not Simply a Question of
Semantics
  • Curators are considered Special. They are
    attached to words such as Connoisseur,
    Specialist, and Expert. Romantic.
  • Archivists, for all their training and expertise,
    evoke an image of a bespectacled, book-dust
    ridden, gloved-hand laborer. Dowdy.
  • It's an issue of the preferred semantics, the
    preferred evocation of Image. It's about funding.

21
The Why Revisited
  • The Times, for funding, are dismal. Most
    information repositories (libraries, archives,
    museums, and etc.) are struggling financially.
  • Web access, Information Technology, has created
    an information democratisation.
  • Access is expected.
  • Dual positioning equates to one salary.
  • Most institutions are enabling digital access
    (either the Collection, or finding aids for the
    Collection), and hence, expertise in open access
    is desirable.

22
The Why Revisited
  • In struggling times, go with the more romantic,
    the more exotic job title, Curator, in order to
    maximise funding.
  • (see The Da Vinci Code--knock off an Archivist
    and who'd notice!)

23
The Conclusion
  • Archivists are being required to assume a greater
    role. Though they may not be trained as Curators,
    they are being asked to curate.
  • Curators are being required to take on a greater
    role in meeting the demand for accessibility, and
    thereby being required to detail their holdings
    for ease in retrieval, and open their holdings.

24
The Conclusion cont,and The Prediction
  • Archivists are not trained as Curators, and
    Curators not as Archivists.
  • Archival holdings and museum holdings will be
    increasingly accessible to all.
  • Documents of enduring value, and
    three-dimensional objects, of cultural and
    historical interest and import will no longer be
    to reserved for the use of scholarly white men,
    but will be open to all.
  • Thanks to information technology, the Twain Shall
    Meet.
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Archivists and Curators Conflicting and Concordant Ideologies

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... and to discover information that would otherwise be lost from view. ... books, pamphlets, diaries, letters, meeting records... The Paper Discovery Center ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Archivists and Curators Conflicting and Concordant Ideologies


1
Archivists and Curators Conflicting and
Concordant Ideologies
  • A student said to an Archivist, "Is there any
    tension between a Curator and an Archivist, in
    regards to an institution's collection."
  • The Archivist said, "Yes, because they have
    different perspectives on the public
    accessibility to the collection."
  • Archivists and Curators are not alike. Many
    employment listings and job descriptions
    seemingly use the terms interchangeably.
  • Why? What is going on?
  • The examination follows.

2
An Archivist
  • ODLIS The person responsible for managing and
    maintaining an archival collection, usually a
    librarian with special training in archival
    practices and methods, including the
    identification and appraisal of records of
    archival value, authentication, accessioning,
    description and documentation, facilitation of
    access and use, preservation and conservation,
    and exhibition and publication to benefit
    scholarship and satisfy public interest.

3
An Archivist
  • SAA An individual responsible for appraising,
    acquiring, arranging, describing, preserving, and
    providing access to records of enduring value,
    according to the principles of provenance,
    original order, and collective control to protect
    the materials authenticity and context.
  • ACA Archivists through a combination of
    education and experience...identify, manage,
    preserve, and make available records with
    enduring value for documentation, research, and
    other purposes.

4
An Archivist
  • ICA Archives constitute the memory of nations
    and of societies, shape their identity, and are a
    cornerstone of the information society. By
    guaranteeing citizens rights of access to
    official information and to knowledge of their
    history, archives are fundamental to democracy,
    accountability and good governance.
  • ISA From their Constitution--The Society shall
    promote increased access to and use of
    archives...increase public interest...rescue

5
An Archivist
  • Archivist's Primer (Getty Info Inst, The J. Paul
    Getty Trust) The archival principles and
    practices...employed by archivists make it
    possible for the professional researcher and
    layperson alike to pursue their inquiries among
    the vast archival resources of our cultural
    heritage institutions and to discover information
    that would otherwise be lost from view.

6
Archivists and CuratorsOccupational Outlook
Handbook
  • Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians
  • OOH, Bureau of Labor Statistics, US DoL
  • Archivists
  • provide access to original source material
  • ensure for easy retrieval
  • make records more accessible to researchers
  • strive for electronic exhibition of holdings

7
Archivists and CuratorsOOH cont.
  • Curators
  • administer the affairs of a given institution
  • direct the exhibition of collections
  • oversee and help conduct the institutions
    research projects and related educational
    programs
  • fund raise and promote
  • maintain their collections, do research, and
    perform administrative tasks

8
A Curator
  • ODLIS A person responsible for the development,
    care, organization, and supervision of a museum,
    gallery, or other exhibit space and all the
    objects stored or displayed in it, a role
    requiring considerable knowledge and experience
    when items are selected on the basis of artistic
    merit or connoisseurship. Also, a person in
    charge of a special collection, trained to assist
    users in locating and interpreting its holdings.

9
A Curator
  • Museum jobs, Museums Association, Great Britain
    ...is a subject specialist with a detailed
    knowledge of the collection...time will be spent
    researching and writing about that
    collection...involved in marketing, fundraising,
    working with schools and planning
    exhibitions...core task of a curator remains
    working with objects - acquiring, researching,
    storing and interpreting them for the public
  • curators are also called keepers.

10
A Curator
  • Curators Code of Ethics, Curator's Committee,
    American Association of Museums ...grants access
    to the greatest extent possible, provides
    information for interpretation and display,
    produces exhibitions, conducts research and
    publishes findings, and contributes to the
    educational mission of his or her institution.

11
A CuratorCurators Code of Ethics cont
  • As interpreters, they provide the scholarly and
    philosophical foundation for the collection.
  • As connoisseurs, they use their experiences and
    trained eye to make informed decisions about
    objects in or related to the collections.

12
The Concordance
  • Archivists and Curators
  • acquire and preserve
  • describe, categorise, analyse, and catalogue
  • plan and oversee educational and public outreach
    programs
  • conduct research relevant to their collections
  • promote and fund-raise

13
The Confliction
  • Archivists should provide for access and use, in
    order to benefit and satisfy academic and general
    public interests. Open Access.
  • Curators should assist users in the
    interpretation of their holdings by mounting
    exhibits. Access via Interpretive Exhibition.

14
The Jobs
  • Curator/Archivist, Archivist/Curator,
  • and other combinations therein
  • Friends Collection
  • Earlham College
  • College Archivist and Curator
  • books, pamphlets, diaries, letters, meeting
    records...
  • The Paper Discovery Center
  • Curator/Archivist
  • exhibitions, archive and library 'coming soon'

15
The Jobs cont.
  • Moakley Archive
  • Suffolk University Law School
  • Archivist/Curator
  • papers, memorabilia...
  • Thomas J. Dodd Research Center
  • University of Connecticut Libraries
  • University Archivist and Curator
  • manuscripts, book, pamphlets, broadsides, photos,
    prints, av materials

16
The Jobs cont.
  • Special and Area Studies Collections
  • University of Florida George A. Smathers
    Libraries
  • Curator of Manuscripts and Archives
  • books, pamphlets, playbills, manuscripts...
  • Tutt Library
  • Colorado College
  • Curator and Archivist
  • books, pamphlets, periodicals, manuscript
    collections...

17
The Jobs cont.
  • Julian P. Kanter Political Commercial Archive
  • University of Oklahoma
  • Curator/Archivist
  • audio and visual collection of political radio
    and television commercials, and related ephemera
  • Special Collections
  • Wichita State University Libraries
  • Curator of Special Collections and University
    Archivist
  • manuscripts, books, maps...

18
The Jobs cont.
  • Missionary Church Archives
  • Archivist/Curator
  • manuscripts, papers, records
  • The Bancroft Library
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Curator, Rare Books and Literary Manuscripts
  • Special Collections
  • University of Arizona Libraries
  • Associate Librarian and Archivist
  • rare books, manuscript collections, photos...

19
The Why
  • To reiterate in slightly different terms
  • Archivists are not generally Connoisseurs, that
    is, educated in the Fine Arts. They are trained
    and educated in Archives, experts that they are.
  • Curators are Connoisseurs, that is, they
    generally have a background/education in either
    The Arts, The Classics, or Archaeology/Anthropolog
    y.

20
The Conundrum It's Not Simply a Question of
Semantics
  • Curators are considered Special. They are
    attached to words such as Connoisseur,
    Specialist, and Expert. Romantic.
  • Archivists, for all their training and expertise,
    evoke an image of a bespectacled, book-dust
    ridden, gloved-hand laborer. Dowdy.
  • It's an issue of the preferred semantics, the
    preferred evocation of Image. It's about funding.

21
The Why Revisited
  • The Times, for funding, are dismal. Most
    information repositories (libraries, archives,
    museums, and etc.) are struggling financially.
  • Web access, Information Technology, has created
    an information democratisation.
  • Access is expected.
  • Dual positioning equates to one salary.
  • Most institutions are enabling digital access
    (either the Collection, or finding aids for the
    Collection), and hence, expertise in open access
    is desirable.

22
The Why Revisited
  • In struggling times, go with the more romantic,
    the more exotic job title, Curator, in order to
    maximise funding.
  • (see The Da Vinci Code--knock off an Archivist
    and who'd notice!)

23
The Conclusion
  • Archivists are being required to assume a greater
    role. Though they may not be trained as Curators,
    they are being asked to curate.
  • Curators are being required to take on a greater
    role in meeting the demand for accessibility, and
    thereby being required to detail their holdings
    for ease in retrieval, and open their holdings.

24
The Conclusion cont,and The Prediction
  • Archivists are not trained as Curators, and
    Curators not as Archivists.
  • Archival holdings and museum holdings will be
    increasingly accessible to all.
  • Documents of enduring value, and
    three-dimensional objects, of cultural and
    historical interest and import will no longer be
    to reserved for the use of scholarly white men,
    but will be open to all.
  • Thanks to information technology, the Twain Shall
    Meet.
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