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Grand ICT IST Challenges Views from ISTAG

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... of the past, in the form of a personalised digital life diary and augmented memory assistant. ... Lost development opportunities stemming from successful RTD ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Grand ICT IST Challenges Views from ISTAG


1
Grand ICT (IST) Challenges - Views from ISTAG -
  • Dr. Peter Tancig, Secretary General, The
    Researchers' Association of Slovenia
  • Member of the Information Society Technologies
    Advisory Group ISTAG
  • (former Minister for Science and Technology)
  • ------------------
  • Presented at Dedicated Workshop on Future
    Visions for IST, Challenges and Bottlenecks
  • towards The Lisbon 2010 Objectives for New
    Member States and Candidate Countries
  • to the Eu Bucharest, Romania, October 18, 2004
  • Presentation invited by IPTS-JRC (Institute for
    Prospective and Technological Studies)
  • and Romanian Academy

2
Outline
  • To be presented
  • ISTAG Working group on Grand Challenges in the
    Evolution of the Information Society -
    (ICT/IST) - major part
  • ISTAG Working group on Europe Wide Initiatives
    Building critical mass in cross-border
    innovation - minor part
  • Opening debate for
  • How to cooperate on ICT/IST challenges?
  • Role of new member states and candidate countries

3
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
ISTAG Members in the Working Group H. Bourlard
(Switzerland), M. Hermenegildo (Spain), V. Kucera
(Czech), L. Reinhart (France), W. Wahlster
(Germany, Chair) External Experts in the Working
Group W. Weigel (Siemens), E. Sandewall
(Sweden), Th. Lengauer (MPI, Germany), G. Gross
(Switzerland), J. Mariani (France) Using Results
of Similar Groups in Europe - Partners for
Innovation - Feldafing Circle for Megatrends in
IT - Dagstuhl Committee Computer Science 10
years ahead - Grand Challenges Committees of the
UK/France
4
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • AIMS, MISSION
  • to identify major grand challenges in information
    and communication technology relevant to future
    society
  • to explore the scientific, economic and social
    importance of these grand challenges, as well as
    the potential legal and ethical implications of
    their realisation
  • to identify the principal scientific and
    technological research directions that will be
    instrumental in pursuing these grand challenges
  • to design a roadmap with milestones showing how
    these grand challenges can be tackled in a staged
    approach
  • to make a preliminary assessment (portfolio
    analysis) of Europes competitive standing
    relative to the US and Asia in the science and
    technology associated with each of these grand
    challenges

5
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • GRAND CHALLENGES
  • are medium to long-term focused themes demanding
    breakthroughs in basic and application-oriented
    research and engineering in many key technologies
  • lead to concrete pictures of the future that are
    easy to understand and communicate by
    politicians and industrial leaders
  • lie at the edge of what just might be possible
    with a massive RD effort
  • integrate many disciplines, produce a lot of
    spin-off products, and have a clear commercial
    and social benefit
  • boost the visibility and impact of European
    research

6
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • PRECISE SET OF CRITERIA
  • must be visionary, looking 10 years into the
    future, and demand basic research and engineering
    in many areas of computer science, from hardware
    to software and beyond
  • must demand the seamless integration of diverse
    technologies
  • must promise tangible payoffs in the form of new
    technical capabilities and new businesses that
    would help the EU to exploit its existing
    expertise so as to meet the social and economic
    goals of the Lisbon objectives
  • must focus on highly concrete goals and involve
    clear benchmarks and measures for progress
    towards those goals

7
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • RESEARCH CHALLENGES
  • Advanced ICT Models and Technologies
  • Cognitive Technologies
  • Human Interfaces
  • Distributed Ambient Computing
  • Advanced Knowledge Management
  • Innovative ICT Methods and Infrastructures
  • Software-Intensive System Development
  • Systems Modelling and Simulation
  • Next Generation Communication Technologies
  • Nano-electronics, Architectures and Sensing.

8
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9
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHALLENGES
  • accelerating economic growth and job creation by
    new value and services
  • dealing with health care in an aging society
  • responding to growing safety concerns

10
(No Transcript)
11
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • STRUCTURE
  • Short presentations - utilization - fields of
    work - overview rationale, vision
  • (Content) - the vision and its potential
    benefits - technical, social and ethical
    challenges - EU standing relative to others

12
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • UTILIZATION
  • The 100 Safe Car for survival, security,
    convenience
  • The Multilingual Companion for tourists,
    cultural heritage, business meetings
  • The Service Robot Companion for help with food
    preparation, surface cleaning
  • The Self-Monitoring and Self-Repairing
    Computer for network security, safety-critical
    applications, real-time services
  • The Internet Police Agent for security,
    intrusion detection, law enforcement, fighting
    against a sick Internet

13
  • The Disease and Treatment Simulator for disease
    prediction, drug testing, medical research
  • The Augmented Personal Memory for augmented
    episodic memory, security, aid for the elderly
    and handicapped
  • The Pervasive Communication Jacket for life
    saving, security, health monitoring, mobile web
    services
  • The Personal Everywhere Visualiser for mobile
    everywhere displays, future office environments,
    tele-presence, retail environments, augmented
    reality service
  • The Ultra-light Aerial Transport Agent for
    security, small-scale logistics for indoor and
    outdoor, helping the elderly and handicapped,
    convenience
  • The Intelligent Retail Store for smart
    logistics, mixed reality shopping, automatic
    comparison shopping, cross-and up-selling

14
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • FIELDS OF WORK
  • The 100 Safe Car cognitive systems, embedded
    systems, verification, M2M, positioning
    technologies, 4G wireless, software development
    frameworks, control theory
  • The Multilingual Companion language technology,
    cross-lingual information extraction and
    retrieval, mobile communication technologies
  • The Service Robot Companion cognitive systems,
    affective computing, multimodal dialogue,
    artificial intelligence
  • The Self-Monitoring and Self-Repairing
    Computer control theory, software methods,
    architecture

15
  • The Internet Police Agent software agents,
    multiagent systems, security, information
    extraction, data mining
  • The Disease and Treatment Simulator bioinformatic
    s, visualization, event simulation, data mining,
    ontology-based simulation, probabilistic and
    model-driven prediction
  • The Augmented Personal Memory sensors, user
    modelling, multimodal fusion, information
    extraction and mining, positioning technologies,
    data capture
  • The Pervasive Communication Jacket 4G mobile
    networks, wearables, ABC technologies, multimodal
    dialogue, biosensor fusion, location-based
    services

16
  • The Personal Everywhere Visualiser new display
    technologies, graphics visualization, image
    understanding, multimodal interaction
  • The Ultra-light Aerial Transport Agent cognitive
    robotics, sensor fusion, multimodal dialogue
  • The Intelligent Retail Store smart labels,
    tracking and tracing, user modeling, plan
    recognition, location-based services, privacy,
    security

17
ISTAG WG Grand ICT/IST Challenges
  • OVERVIEW
  • The 100 Safe Car Roadway accidents entail
    enormous human suffering and burden European
    society with tremendous economic costs. Hence, we
    envision projects with ICT systems leading the
    realisation of the 100 safe automobile for
    eliminating traffic fatalities almost completely.
  • The Multilingual Companion With the enlargement
    to 25 Member States, the EU faces a new
    multi-lingual challenge. We envision grand
    projects to defeat the communication barrier
    between member states by developing a powerful
    multi-lingual companion that will make
    multilingual and cross-lingual information access
    and communication virtually automatic.

18
  • The Service Robot Companion for the Elderly As
    the European population ages, spiralling
    health-related costs will place an immense burden
    on European economies. We envision the
    development of flexible home-care service robots,
    which will help people to care for themselves,
    improve their comfort of living and likely
    entertain them.
  • The Self-Monitoring and Self-Repairing Computer
    System failures are extremely costly and all too
    frequent in todays complex ICT systems. We
    envision a grand challenge to develop
    self-monitoring and self-repairing computing
    systems that will demonstrate the principle of
    software systems with greatly improved
    reliability.

19
  • The Internet Police Agent To reap the full
    benefits of the Internet, we must maintain its
    further development and counter criminal and
    anti-social activities (SPAM, viruses, worms,
    fraud, etc.). We envision projects to develop an
    automated police agent that will be a socially
    beneficial force within the Internet environment.
  • The Disease and Treatment Simulator We envision
    the development of a computational platform for
    simulating the function of a concrete disease.
    This simulator will enable medicines to be tested
    without putting people at risk, and will
    accelerate research into damaging diseases such
    as heart disease and cancer.

20
  • The Augmented Personal Memory The ICT revolution
    will make it possible to store virtually every
    image, film or television program you have ever
    seen, every conversation you have ever had or
    book you have read. We envision a project that
    will make it possible for people to create,
    preserve, sort and retrieve their own personal
    vast storehouse of the past, in the form of a
    personalised digital life diary and augmented
    memory assistant.
  • The Pervasive Communication Jacket Most objects
    in the house, at work or in public spaces will
    soon carry wireless communications technology. We
    envision a communications jacket that will
    enable the individual of tomorrow to exploit
    these information resources in a natural and
    beneficial way.

21
  • The Personal Everywhere Visualiser Visualisation
    is key for people to exploit the information
    revolution. A grand challenge is to develop a
    convenient personal and mobile visualisation
    system that will work anywhere and with minimal
    fuss, thereby enhancing our ability to harness
    tomorrows ICT capabilities.
  • The Ultra-light Aerial Transport Agent We
    envision an unmanned aerial transport agent for
    small scale logistics for the transport of
    small packages and products from point to point,
    monitoring of crime, and helping in search and
    rescue operations.
  • The Intelligent Retail Store We envision
    projects to realise the intelligent retail
    store a store in which emerging ICT
    technologies are integrated in a way that brings
    more information, and efficiency to both
    retailers and their customers alike.

22
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
ISTAG Members in the Working Group Paul t Hoen
(Chair, Chairman ICT-Forum, The Netherlands)
Diana Hodgins (Rapporteur, Managing Director,
European Technologies for Business, Ltd, UK Mart
Laar (Member of Parliament, Estonia) Jerzy
Langer (Advisor of the President, Polish Academy
of Science, Poland) Paul Mehring (Chairman
ITEA) Peter Tancig (General Secretary, The
Researchers Association of Slovenia, Slovenia)
Mikko Uusitalo (Manager, Research Cooperation,
Nokia, Finland) External Experts in the Working
Group D Augello, J-C Burgelman, A Bradier, D
Broster, K Ducatel, M Gonzales Sancho, J-C Healy,
N Hoose, I Iakovides, J Jaskalaainen, T Norgall,
Y Pandaveine, V Reilly, B Ulmer
23
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
  • RATIONALE (ISTAGs report on Ami from vision to
    reality, Oct-2003)
  • European-wide AmI initiatives that promote and
    advance European research and technology and
    capitalise on financial mechanisms such as public
    procurement. Such initiatives need to be
    conducted at European level to ensure critical
    mass, risk sharing and cross-border
    implementations. They should be large scale and
    visionary, and harness the concentrated
    expertise, knowledge and capabilities of European
    personnel in the pursuit of identifiable
    objectives that will benefit European society and
    industry.
  • Such initiatives should come in addition to, and
    in combination with a strong support to long and
    medium term (and/or high risk) research that is
    done within research programmes. They would
    ensure a closer articulation between research and
    implementation actions and support the transfer
    of very advanced technology progress into
    applications. Member States should sign up to
    such initiatives in order to bring all areas up
    to the same standard and ensure interoperability
    and coherence.

24
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
  • PROPOSED CRITERIA
  • European dimension creating critical mass in
    Europe
  • Urgency (from society perspective) and political
    support
  • Enhancing competitiveness, and providing a long
    term impact (gt 5 years) on Europes IST position
  • AMI based or building on other existing focus
    areas of expertise
  • Not already pushed by existing market/
    programmes/ initiatives

25
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
  • 3 content (OUT OF 18) AREAS 1 supportive
  • Health
  • Road Safety
  • eGovernment
  • Science Information and Collaboration
    Infrastructure

26
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
  • PROBLEMS-1
  • Faltering realisation of Lisbon objectives
    (knowledge-based economy / society)
  • Elements of protoERA ltlt ERA ltlt ERIA
  • Self-sufficiency and fragmentation of research
    communities both on national and EU levels
  • Not enough links between academic and business
    worlds
  • Absent integration of major components / facets
    of innovation based economy

27
ISTAG WG Europe Wide Initiatives
  • PROBLEMS-2
  • Suboptimal performance of 10 new member states in
    FP6
  • Leaving aside available RTD resources
  • Lost development opportunities stemming from
    successful RTD
  • Funds from approved projects lt fees paid
  • Politically untenable in mid / (short?)-term
    perspective
  • Partial list of reasons / causes (in falling
    importance)
  • Lack of contacts, information, experience,
    understanding RTDI
  • Absence of conducive social and business
    environments
  • Lack of social intelligence (e.g. forms
    filling)
  • Lack of research competence

28
Partial (but Powerful) Answers - Text
_____________________________ KIS Knowledge
Intensive Service
29
Partial (but Powerful) Answers - Text
  • Integrated - ICT based - set of tools and
    environments for knowing each other better and
    working closer
  • Catalogues / Infosystems on RTD capacities,
    experiences, practices, openess, readiness for
    co-operation / collaboration
  • Virtual knowledge / expert communities (from
    virtual laboratories to virtual institutes and
    thematic / tehnological networks)
  • Co-operation / collaboration facilitating
    environments
  • Access to supportive Knowledge Intensive Services
    (e.g. evaluation, standards, testing,
    certification, special expertise)
  • Other supportive / facilitating functions (e.g.
    IPR, legal / contractual issues, financial
    resources)
  • Essential integrating / unifying factor /
    feature knowledge (re)presentation (cf. Lisbon
    knowledge economy)
  • Equally essential intermediary / bridging
    structures / functions / services / experts

30
Examples of Collaboration Environments First
AMI_at_Work Communities
31
First Ambient Intelligence _at_Work Communities
  • Horizontal communities (technology themes SEEM)
  • Collaboration_at_Work
  • Knowledge_at_Work
  • Mobility_at_Work
  • SEEM_at_Work (Single European Electronic Market)
  • Vertical communities (challenging validation
    environments)
  • Rural_at_Work (Rural Information Society, Extended
    AgriFood Products and Services)
  • Product Life-Cycle Management _at_Work
    (Sustainability, Individualisation and
    Interoperability for Products, Services and
    Environments)
  • Well-being Services _at_Work (Well-being, Health
    Sector and Social Services Citizen-centric Value
    Network of Professionals)
  • Media_at_Work (Media and Content Work New
    Opportunities and Challenges new, provisional
    community)
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