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Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives

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Nuclear engineering program. Medical isotopes. Energy Policy Act of 2005. 7639-8/06-3 ... Trends in nuclear engineering enrollment. HBCU/HSI. Student ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives


1
Overview of US Nuclear Energy Initiatives
Harold McFarlane President
American Nuclear Society
7671-9/06-1
2
unauthorizedinformalinformative
3
Energy Policy Act of 2005
Nuclear
New Plant Construction
RD
  • Loan guarantees
  • Risk assurance
  • Production tax credit
  • Price-Anderson
  • Decommissioning funds
  • Next generation nuclear plant
  • Nuclear hydrogen production
  • Advanced fuel cycle initiative
  • Nuclear engineering program
  • Medical isotopes

7639-8/06-3
4
US Major Nuclear Initiatives
  • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
  • New licensing process
  • Department of Energy
  • Nuclear Power 2010
  • Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)
  • Nuclear Hydrogen
  • Generation-IV
  • Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI)
  • Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)
  • Yucca Mountain Project

5
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6
Nuclear Power 2010
Current US Nuclear Electric Generation 104
Reactors 100 GWe 20 of total
7
Nuclear Power 2010 Initiative
  • Federal/private cost sharing
  • Early site permitting
  • Combined construction/operating license (COL)
  • COL application expected 2007-2008
  • Construction expected to begin in 2010 following
    NRC issuance of COL

2006 budget appropriation 65.3 million 2007
budget request 54.0 million
8
Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP)
  • Very high temperature reactor
  • Electricity and/or industrial heat applications
  • New 8 million contract with industry
  • National laboratories working on technology gaps

9
Nuclear Hydrogen Initiative
  • Part of a larger hydrogen program
  • Investigating 2 high temperature approaches
  • Thermo-chemical water cracking
  • Steam electrolysis
  • Budget
  • 2006 appropriation 24.8M
  • 2007 request 18.7M

10
Generation-IV
  • Generation-IV International Forum (GIF)
    coordinates international research cooperation on
    advanced nuclear reactors
  • Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Euratom, France,
    Japan, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland,
    United Kingdom, United States
  • China and Russia to join this year
  • US emphasis has been on the Very High Temperature
    Reactor (VHTR) and fast reactors

11
Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative
  • Advanced aqueous separations
  • Advanced pyroprocess methods
  • Advanced fuels for transmutation
  • Focus on improving repository performance
  • Implement advanced safeguards in process and
    facility design
  • Budget
  • 2006 Appropriation 79.2 million
  • 2007 Request 243.0 million

12
High Level Waste Repository Program
13
Yucca Mountain Repository
  • License submittal 2008
  • Opening 2017
  • DOE paying some utilities for fuel storage
  • Adaptive Staging recommended by National
    Research Council in 2003
  • Pending legislation

14
Senator Domenicis Yucca Mountain Bill
  • Authorizes DOE to withdraw 147,000 acres of
    federally owned property
  • Replaces arbitrary 70,000 ton capacity with
    scientifically based capacity
  • Authorizes infrastructure construction after EIS
  • Gives DOE authority to accept and store SNF
  • Starts with defense waste and fuel
  • After construction permit, legacy civilian fuel
  • Withdraws land for rail line
  • Changes standard contract to 25 years after
    start of operation of new nuclear plants

15
Domenicis bill, continued
  • Takes Waste Fund off budget
  • Requires NRC to accept legislation as satisfying
    waste confidence for new plant construction
  • Basically the bill would integrate DOEs programs
  • High level waste program
  • Advanced nuclear energy program
  • Incorporate some recommendations from the
    National Research Councils staging report

16
Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)
The US blueprint for nuclear sustainability
Source www.gnep.energy.gov
17
Safeguards
Transparency
  • Incorporate into design of new facilities
  • Remote, automated intelligent systems
  • Materials tracking and process control
  • Remote sensing, environmental sampling and
    forensic verification
  • International tests and demonstrations
  • Continued support for global best practices in
    security and materials accounting

18
Reliable fuel services
  • Limit sensitive technologies
  • Enrichment
  • Reprocessing
  • Must integrate into existing commercial uranium
    market
  • 17.4 tons HEU pledged by US
  • 50 million pledged by NTI/Warren Buffet
  • Excellent forum during IAEA General Conference
  • http//www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC50/SideEvent
    /report220906.pdf

19
Appropriately sized reactors
  • 50-350 MWe sized for grid
  • Long fuel life infrequent reloading
  • Passive safety systems
  • Electricity, district heating, potable water
  • IAEA safeguards
  • Physical protection from terrorism
  • RD needed

20
Proliferation resistant recycle
  • UREX and Pyroprocessing
  • Remote fuel fabrication
  • Integrated safeguards

21
Minimized nuclear waste
  • Employ advanced recycle
  • Custom waste forms
  • Manage heat load
  • Manage radiotoxicity

22
Advanced Burner Reactor
  • Sodium cooled
  • Fast neutron spectrum
  • Transmutation
  • Naturally safe

23
GNEP Technology Demonstrations
  • Advanced Burner Reactor
  • Advanced Fuel Cycle Facility
  • Advanced modeling and simulation
  • and industrial application
  • Consolidated fuel treatment center

24
Trends in nuclear engineering enrollment
1,831
DOE Investment ( in Millions)
Number of Students
HBCU/HSI Student Enrollment
DOE Investment
70
US DOE August 2006
25
US Nuclear Initiatives Aimed at nuclear expansion
American Nuclear Society
Thank you!
7671-9/06-25
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