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Title: Introduction to Volunteering in Miami: Online Tutorial


1
Introduction to Volunteering in MiamiOnline
Tutorial
  • Butler Center for Volunteer Service and
    Leadership Development
  • 1306 Stanford Dr.
  • Whitten University Center Room 240
  • Coral Gables, FL 33146
  • LC 6923
  • (305) 284-GIVE/4483

Click to begin.
2
Welcome to the Butler Center!
  • In this tutorial, you will learn about
  • Social issues in the Miami area
  • The history behind these issues
  • How you can help
  • The resources and services we provide

3
Social Issues in Miami
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Substance Abuse
  • Domestic Violence
  • Poverty
  • Homelessness/ Affordable Housing
  • Health Care
  • Immigration
  • Education
  • Animal Welfare
  • Environmental Welfare
  • Elderly Citizens
  • Disabled Citizens

4
AIDS/HIV
  • According to Centers for Disease Control and
    Prevention AIDS data (2004), Miami FL has the
    fourth highest rate in the country for AIDS/HIV
    cases with 25,357 reported.
  • AIDS (or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a
    chronic and life-threatening condition caused by
    the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV
    disrupts the bodys ability to fight off
    bacteria, viruses, and fungi by damaging and
    destroying the bodys immune system.
    Consequently, the body becomes more vulnerable to
    attacks, cancers, and infections.
  • Thus, AIDS patients usually die from single or
    multiple system infections, such as respiratory,
    gastrointestinal, nervous, and/or skin
    complications as a result of a debilitated immune
    system.
  • AIDS was first recognized in 1981 and since then
    more than 25 million people all over the world
    have died of AIDS.
  • Every 15 seconds, a young person between the ages
    of 15-24 becomes infected with AIDS/HIV.

5
HIV/AIDS How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Facts
  • HIV can be transmitted several ways
  • Sexual transmission(Through vaginal, anal, or
    oral sex, the HIV virus can enter the body via
    blood, semen, or vaginal secretions.)
  • Sharing of needles and contaminated blood
  • (Infected) mother to child
  • HIV/AIDS cannot be transmitted through ordinary
    contact like
  • Tears and sweat
  • Sharing food, utensils, bedding, toilets
  • Donating blood
  • Hugging and kissing (In fact, natural inhibitory
    substances in saliva help prevent HIV
    transmission!)

6
Substance Abuse
  • In 2005, about 25,000 people in the state of
    Florida entered treatment for substance abuse,
    ranging from alcohol to heroin.
  • Substance abuse is the overindulgence in and
    dependence on a stimulant, depressant, chemical
    substance, herb, or fungus. These may include
    alcohol, cocaine, ritalin, marijuana, and even
    caffeine.
  • Substance abuse requires that the individuals
    abuse results in seriously interfering with
    health or occupational and social functioning.
    Neglect of children is specifically listed as a
    potential symptom of substance abuse.

7
Substance Abuse How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth Addiction is a bad habit, the result of
    moral weakness and overindulgence.
  • Fact Addiction can be a chronic,
    life-threatening like adult diabetes. Addiction
    has roots in genetic susceptibility, social
    circumstance, and personal behavior.
  • Myth If an addicted person has enough willpower,
    he or she can stop abusing alcohol or other
    drugs.
  • Fact Most people addicted to alcohol and other
    drugs cannot simply stop using them, no matter
    how strong their inner resolve.  Most need one or
    more courses of structured substance abuse
    treatment to reduce or end their dependence on
    alcohol and/or other drugs.

8
Domestic Violence
  • Domestic violence includes spousal abuse, child
    abuse, and elder abuse.
  • It is estimated that a domestic violence act
    occurs every 15 seconds somewhere in the United
    States, translating to over 2.5 million victims
    per year.
  • Secretary Donna E. Shalala, Dept. of Health and
    Human Services, and current UM president, has
    called domestic abuse against women "An
    unacknowledged epidemic in America".
  • Children are involved in 60 of domestic violence
    cases.
  • Possible long-term effects include
  • Hypertension and heart disease
  • Job loss and loss of friends and family because
    of absenteeism due to illness and embarrassment.
  • Children show significant behavioral and/or
    emotional problems, including psychosomatic
    disorders, stuttering, anxiety and fears, sleep
    disruption, excessive crying and school problems.
  • Boys who witness their fathers' abuse of their
    mothers are more likely to inflict severe
    violence as adults. Girls who witness maternal
    abuse may tolerate abuse as adults.
  • The elderly female's abuser may beher spouse
    (58), her son (16), or her daughter (8).

9
Domestic Violence How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth Domestic Violence affects a small
    percentage of the population and is rare.
  • Fact National studies estimate that 3 to 4
    million women are beaten each year in our
    country. 1,500 women are murdered as a result of
    domestic violence each year in the United States.
  • Myth Domestic Violence occurs only in poor,
    uneducated and minority families.
  • Fact Studies of domestic violence consistently
    have found that battering occurs among all types
    of families, regardless of income, profession,
    region, ethnicity, educational level or race.
  • Myth Alcohol abuse causes domestic violence.
  • Fact Although there is a high correlation
    between alcohol, or other substance abuse, and
    battering, it is not a causal relationship.
    Batterers use drinking as one of many excuses for
    their violence and as a way to place the
    responsibility for their violence elsewhere.
    Stopping the abusers' drinking will not stop the
    violence. Both battering and substance abuse need
    to be addressed separately, as overlapping yet
    independent problems.

10
Poverty
  • The World Bank defines extreme poverty as living
    on less than 1 per day, and moderate poverty as
    less than 2 a day. It has been estimated that in
    2001, 1.1 billion people had consumption levels
    below 1 a day and 2.7 billion lived on less than
    2 a day.
  • Miami used to be the poorest city in the United
    States, with 31 of the residents having incomes
    below the federal poverty line. In 2004, Miami
    moved to third in the rankings, ahead of Detroit,
    Michigan and El Paso, Texas.
  • Miami is also one of the least affordable places
    to live, with 69 of its residents spending at
    least 30 of their household income on home
    ownership.
  • Miami ranks first among least affordable cities
    for home ownership.
  • As of 2005, the Miami area is witnessing its
    largest real estate boom since the 1920s, which
    is driving housing prices further up and making
    housing less affordable.

11
Poverty How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth The vast majority of the poor are African
    Americans or Hispanics.
  • Fact The majority of those living in poverty in
    both urban and rural areas are not minorities.
    48 of those living in poverty in America are
    white.
  • Myth Most people are poor because they do not
    want to work.
  • Fact Many of those living in poverty are not of
    working age. Many of the poor are elderly and
    even more are children (about 40) or have a work
    disability. More importantly, many people living
    in poverty who are able to work are indeed
    already employed. Nationally, about 30 of the
    working-age population living in poverty in 1994
    were already working.

12
Homelessness and Affordable Housing
  • nearly every city in the survey cited the lack
    of affordable housing as the primary cause of
    homelessness. I believe homelessness is actually
    not the problem, but it is a symptom of an
    affordable housing crisis, said Burlington Mayor
    Peter Clavelle, Chair of the Conference's Task
    Force on Hunger and Homelessness. "Despite being
    in a period of unprecedented economic expansion,
    low-income wage workers and their families are
    finding it increasingly difficult to locate
    decent, affordable housing
  • US Conference of Mayors A Status Report on
    Hunger and Homelessness in Americas Cities
    2000
  • Nearly 65 million low-income people 24 of the
    entire US population are experiencing housing
    problems including cost burdens, substandard
    conditions, overcrowding, or homelessness,
    according to a 2004 report from the National Low
    Income Housing Coalition. Many are seniors and
    people with disabilities, and a greater share
    than ever are working families.
  • These are renters with no housing assistance
    making tough weekly choices between paying for
    housing, healthcare, childcare, food,
    transportation, etc.

13
Homelessness and Affordable Housing How Can I
Help? Educate!
  • Myth They're to blame for being homeless.
  • Fact Most homeless people are victims. Some have
    suffered from child abuse or violence. Nearly one
    quarter are children. Many have lost their jobs.
  • Myth Homeless people sleep in the street.
  • Fact Only a tiny proportion of homeless people
    are on the street. Most stay on friends' floors
    or with family, sometimes in precarious
    arrangements that can go wrong.
  • Myth Homeless people are anti-social or
    otherwise undesirable.
  • Fact Only a tiny proportion of homeless people
    have lost their accommodation because of
    anti-social behavior. The vast majority have lost
    their accommodation because their living
    arrangements with family or friends have broken
    down, or because there's been a dispute in the
    household. Many people become homeless after
    being discharged from the armed forces or from a
    hospital.

14
Healthcare
  • In 2003, health care costs paid to hospitals,
    doctors, nursing homes, diagnostic laboratories,
    pharmacies, medical device manufacturers and
    other components of the health care system,
    consumed 15.3 of United States GDP (Gross
    Domestic Product).
  • Number of Americans without health insurance
    45,000,000 Number of Children that lack health
    insurance 10,000,000 People age 18-24 that lack
    insurance 28.9
  • The uninsured often cannot afford preventive
    care. They wait until their minor symptoms become
    serious before seeking care. This leads to
  • Postponement of care, unfilled prescriptions, or
    skipped recommended treatments
  • Death caused by lack of insurance

15
Healthcare How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth Only poor Americans and the young are
    uninsured.
  • Fact Most uninsured are low-income, and 60 in
    2001 were younger than 35, including 8.5 million
    children and teens. Four of five of the uninsured
    work at least part time or have a spouse or
    parent who works full or part time. And a third
    in 2001 lived in households with incomes above
    50,000. In 2001, 28 of 18- to 24-year-olds were
    uninsured.
  • Myth The uninsured get access to care when they
    really need it.
  • Fact One third of uninsured women in 1998 who
    should have gotten a mammogram did not vs. only
    11 of insured women. Likewise, 40 of the
    uninsured who should have had their cholesterol
    checked in 1998 did not vs. 18 of insured
    people.

16
Immigration
  • "Nearly 70,000 foreigners arrive in the United
    States every day. Most of these travelers are
    visitors, not settlers. More than 60,000 are
    tourists, business people, students, or foreign
    workers who are welcomed at airports and border
    crossings. About 2,200 daily arrivals are
    immigrants or refugees who have been invited to
    become permanent residents of the United States.
    Finally, about 5,000 foreigners make unauthorized
    entries each day. About 4,000 of them are
    apprehended just after they cross the U.S.-Mexico
    border. But nearly 1,000 elude detection, or slip
    from legal to illegal status by violating the
    terms of their visas. Many will remain, while
    others will return to their home countries."
    Immigration to the United States
    Population Reference Bureau
  • According to the United Nations Human Development
    Report 2004, Miami, at 60 Immigrant, has the
    largest percentage of immigrants of any city in
    the world followed by Toronto, Canada with 44.

17
Immigration How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth Immigrants take jobs away from Americans.
  • Fact Immigrants may expand the demand for goods
    and services through their consumption
    contribute to output through the investment of
    savings they bring with them have high rates of
    entrepreneurship that create job opportunities
    for Americans and they may fill vital niches in
    low and high-skilled ends of the labor market.
  • Myth Most immigrants are a drain on the US
    economy.
  • Fact All individuals who work in the US are
    required to pay federal income taxes. Immigrant
    households paid an estimated 133 billion in
    direct taxes to federal, state, and local
    governments in 1997. Immigrants may add as much
    as 10 billion to the economy each year.
  • Myth America is being overrun by immigrants.
  • Fact The number of immigrants living in the US
    remains relatively small. Only 3 legal immigrants
    per 1,000 US residents enter the US each year.
    22 of US counties lost population between 1990
    and 2000 (US Census) thus, immigrants tend to
    help revitalize demographically-declining areas,
    mostly urban areas.

18
Education
  • 92 million adults in the United States (almost
    48 of the population) have very low or low
    literacy skills.
  • Due to the system of state government, there is
    no national education system in America. Instead,
    State Education Departments set the guidelines,
    which can therefore vary from Florida to New
    York. 
  • Florida lags behind the national average in the
    percentage of the adult population holding a
    bachelors degree or higher.
  • 4th graders in low-income communities are 2-3
    grade levels behind their peers in high-income
    communities.
  • Only 60 of young adults in Miami even attain
    their high school diploma.

19
Education How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth Children fail in school, because they are
    lazy and dont want to learn.
  • Fact Children in low-income are often judged
    with low expectations before they are given the
    chance to succeed. Teachers unconsciously ignore
    and give up on struggling students, and these
    children internalize the hopelessness.
  • Myth Children fail in school, because their
    parents dont care about education either.
  • Fact Parents of struggling students usually do
    not have the time to care, due to their
    preoccupation in maintaining several jobs. But
    when given the chance to meet with teachers at
    their own convenience, they are willing to work
    in improving their childrens education.
  • Myth The fact that most bad students are poor
    and of Black or Hispanic background indicates
    that these minorities lack some inherent academic
    ability.
  • Fact Blacks and Hispanics are usually found in
    low-income communities, but we associate academic
    struggle with ones ethnic background rather than
    ones socio-economic status (SES). In reality,
    Blacks and Hispanics struggle academically
    because of environmental factors lack of funding
    for local schools, lack of high-achieving role
    models in community, low expectations, high
    levels of crime and gangs, lack of after school
    programming, and low community focus on education.

20
Animal Welfare
  • There are nearly three times as many animal
    shelters in the United States as there are
    shelters for battered women and their children.
  • Animal cruelty includes acts of violence (overt
    animal abuse, dog and cock fighting) or neglect
    perpetrated against animals, where the animal is
    denied basic necessities of care such as fresh
    water and food or shelter.
  • In MiamiAnimal control officers 20Animals
    impounded monthly 2,769Fines issued each year
    3,273Cruelty complaints received each year
    1,538Animals adopted each month 389

21
Animal Welfare How Can I Help?Educate!
  • FAQs about Animal Welfare
  • Animals dont reason, understand their own
    rights, or respect our rights, so why should we
    apply our ideas of morality to them?
  • An animals inability to understand and adhere to
    our rules is as irrelevant as that of a child or
    mentally challenged person. These people may not
    able to comprehend rules, but that does not
    negate the obligation of a civilized society to
    protect them. Animals are not always capable of
    choosing to change their behavior, but human
    beings have the intelligence to choose between
    behaviors that hurt others and behaviors that do
    not.
  • Arent conditions on factory farms and fur farms
    better than conditions in the wild, where animals
    die of starvation, disease, or predation? At
    least the animals on factory farms are fed and
    protected. Right?  
  • This argument was used to claim that people were
    better off as slaves being taken care of on
    plantations than as free men and women. The
    desire for freedom and to control ones own life
    is as strong in animals as it is in humans. The
    fact that they might suffer in the wild is no
    reason to cause them to suffer in captivity.

22
Environmental Welfare
  • Facilities in Miami thatProduce and release air
    pollutants 300Have reported toxic releases
    81Have reported hazardous waste activities
    2710Have permits to discharge to US waters 320
  • Pollution of freshwater (drinking water) is a
    problem for about half of the world's population.
    Each year there are about 250 million cases of
    water-related diseases, with roughly 5 to 10
    million deaths.
  • More than 2/3 of the earth's known plant species
    are located in the tropics and many of these are
    disappearing faster than they can be collected or
    studied. It's a race against time, as more and
    more species disappear forever.
  • The U.S. is the largest single emitter of carbon
    dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels.

23
Environmental Welfare How Can I Help? Educate!
  • Myth There are no viable alternatives to wood
    products.
  • Fact Less waste and more recycling could easily
    replace the 4 of the wood products that come
    from national forests.  U.S. farmers annually
    generate 280 million tons of excess agricultural
    fiber suitable for paper making, which produce
    higher fiber yields than wood and require fewer
    chemicals, less water and less energy to be
    processed.
  • Myth The global warming crisis is a hoax.
  • Fact There is overwhelming scientific consensus
    that the earth is warming, that this warming
    trend will worsen, and that human activity is
    largely to blame. Physicist Stephen Hawking, in a
    2006 interview "We have to reverse global
    warming urgently if we still can. The earth is in
    much more danger from human action than from
    natural disasters. This is not a prediction of
    doom but a wake up call. We have to recognise the
    dangers and control them. Im an optimist and I
    believe we can.
  • Myth There is no way we can stop global warming.
    And this doesnt affect me anyways.
  • Fact We can stop the use of conventional fossil
    fuels, which contribute to global warming, and
    look for alternate energy sources that are
    renewable and sustainable for future. This issue
    affects us all. We are already witnessing
    climatic changes (more hurricanes in Florida) and
    destruction of natural habitats (placement of
    polar bears on the endangered list).

24
Elderly Citizens
  • 36.3 million
  • The number of people 65 and over in the United
    States on July 1, 2004. This age group accounts
    for 12 of the total population. Between 2003 and
    2004, 351,000 people moved into this age group.
  • 10.2Poverty rate for people 65 and over in
    2003.
  • 9.7 millionEstimated number of people age 65
    and over who are military veterans.
  • 17Percentage of Florida's population that was
    65 and over on July 1, 2004. Florida led all
    states in this category.

25
Elderly Citizens How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Myth The elderly control all the nations
    wealth, because they are rewarded with pension
    after retirement.
  • Fact 11.5 million elderly Americans live on the
    edge as marginal members of society. This
    accounts for 42 of the total American elderly
    population.
  • Myth The elderly live their golden years since
    they no longer hold responsibility.
  • Fact The elderly often are haunted by problems
    such as being widowed which results from the
    death of a spouse, lack of purpose in life,
    exacerbated health problems, and difficulty in
    paying for hospital bills.

26
Disabled Citizens
  • Experts indicate that 3 of the population is
    diagnosed with intellectual disabilities. It is
    10 times as common as polio, cerebral palsy, and
    diabetes 15 times as common as blindness.
  • People with an intellectual disability are those
    who have shown
  • Significantly below average intelligence level
    (based on an IQ test)
  • Significant difficulties with the personal skills
    needed for everyday living (identified before
    they are 18 years old).
  • Autism is not a mental illness nor is it
    psychologically caused. The impairment is present
    and identifiable in the first two or three years
    of life. It is not outgrown, therefore, autistic
    children will be autistic adults.

27
Disabled Citizens How Can I Help?Educate!
  • Use correct terminology
  • Physically challenged or disabled NOT
    crippled
  • Visually impaired NOT blind
  • Hearing impaired NOT deaf or deaf mute
  • Disabled NOT special or retarded
  • Myth A handicapped person with one disability
    has multiple disabilities.
  • Fact Most physically handicapped people are not
    mentally impaired. Similarly, only a small
    percentage of people with intellectual
    disabilities have physical limitations.
  • Myth Institutions give the most appropriate care
    for people with intellectual disabilities.
  • Fact Research indicates that institutions tend
    to be less effective than the common alternatives
    that are offered. Many people with intellectual
    disabilities live in group homes, independently
    or with their families, and benefit from the
    community as a whole.

28
Butler Center Resources Services
  • Visit our website at www.miami.edu/leadandserve
  • Search for Volunteer Opportunities!
  • Learn how to develop your leadership skills!
  • Check out whats new in the Philantropic
    Newsletter!
  • On-campus and off-campus opportunities
  • Released bi-weekly
  • Home to over 30 Student organizations
  • Service organizations
  • Advocacy and Awareness organizations
  • Placement Assistants
  • Work with your interests and skills to best pair
    you with volunteer and leadership opportunities
    on campus and around the community
  • Director Keith Fletcher
  • Assistant Director Valerie Jones

29
Next Steps
  • Come in to the Butler Center (UC 240) to
  • Take the Butler Center Tutorial Quiz
  • Fill out the Interest Skills Assessment
  • Talk to a student employee (Placement Assistant)
    who will
  • Review your interests and skills
  • Match your interests and skills to meaningful
    volunteer opportunities
  • Introduce you to on-campus student organizations
    and off-campus agencies
  • Lead and Serve!

30
Thank you for your time!
  • Please notify the Placement Assistant that you
    have completed the tutorial.
  • You may now take the Butler Center Tutorial Quiz
    and the Interest Skills Assessment.

31
References
  • http//www.avert.org/worldstats.htm
  • http//www.metrokc.gov/health/APU/epi/aidskc.pdf
  • http//aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/subabuse99/chap2.htm
  • http//www.wikipedia.org
  • http//www.healthcareforall.org/facts.html
  • http//sandiego.indymedia.org/en/2005/07/110140.sh
    tml
  • http//www.famlit.org
  • http//www.pittcountyhumanesociety.com/Cruelty.htm
  • http//animal.discovery.com/fansites/mapd/about/as
    u.html
  • http//peta.org/mc/factsheet_display.asp?ID129
  • http//www.seniorjournal.com/NEWS/SeniorStats/5-04
    -25SeniorFacts.htm
  • http//www.sofl.org/PDFs/Fundraising/2006LETRManua
    l.pdfsearch'myth2020intellectual20disabilitie
    s
  • http//hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/
  • http//www.grinningplanet.com/2005/07-26/water-pol
    lution-facts-article.htm
  • http//www.epa.gov
  • http//www.gopwing.com/modules.php?nameNewsfile
    articlesid187
  • http//selfhelpmagazine.com/articles/aging/mythnfa
    cts.html
  • http//www.pewclimate.org/press_room/speech_transc
    ripts/transcript_swiss_re.cfm
  • http//info-pollution.com/myths.htm
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