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Eating Disorders

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Making excuses to get out of eating. Avoiding social situations that involve food ... medical issues that require a doctor's supervision, or continuing weight loss. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Eating Disorders


1
Eating Disorders
  • A brief, but enlightening, overview.

2
What are Eating Disorders?
  • Eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and
    binge eating disorder include extreme emotions,
    attitudes, and behaviors surrounding weight and
    food issues.
  • They are serious emotional and physical problems
    that can have life-threatening consequences for
    females and males.

3
Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by
    self-starvation and excessive weight loss.
  • Symptoms include
  • Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a
    minimally normal weight for height, body type,
    age, and activity level.
  • Intense fear of weight gain or being fat.
  • Feeling fat or overweight despite dramatic
    weight loss.
  • Loss of menstrual periods.
  • Extreme concern with body weight and shape.
  • In addition to restricting calories, people with
    anorexia may also control their weight with
    exercise, diet pills, or purging.

4
Bulimia Nervosa
  • Bulimia Nervosa is characterized by a secretive
    cycle of binge eating followed by purging.
  • Bulimia includes eating large amounts of
    food--more than most people would eat in one
    meal--in short periods of time, then getting rid
    of the food and calories through vomiting,
    laxative abuse, or over-exercising.
  • Symptoms include
  • Repeated episodes of bingeing and purging.
  • Feeling out of control during a binge and eating
    beyond the point of comfortable fullness .
  • Purging after a binge, (typically by self-induced
    vomiting, abuse of laxatives, diet pills and/or
    diuretics, excessive exercise, or fasting).
  • Frequent dieting.
  • Extreme concern with body weight and shape.

5
Binge Eating Disorder
  • Also referred to as Compulsive Overeating.
  • Binge Eating Disorder is characterized primarily
    by periods of uncontrolled, impulsive, or
    continuous eating beyond the point of feeling
    comfortably full.
  • While there is no purging, there may be sporadic
    fasts or repetitive diets and often feelings of
    shame or self-hatred after a binge.
  • People who overeat compulsively may struggle with
    anxiety, depression, and loneliness, which can
    contribute to their unhealthy episodes of binge
    eating.
  • Body weight may vary from normal to mild,
    moderate, or severe obesity.
  • Despite feelings of guilt and shame over these
    secret binges, they feel unable to control their
    behavior or stop eating even when uncomfortably
    full.

6
Common Warning Signs
  • Preoccupation with body or weight
  • Obsession with calories, food, or nutrition
  • Constant dieting, even when thin
  • Rapid, unexplained weight loss or weight gain
  • Taking laxatives or diet pills
  • Compulsive exercising
  • Making excuses to get out of eating
  • Avoiding social situations that involve food
  • Going to the bathroom right after meals
  • Eating alone, at night, or in secret
  • Hoarding high-calorie food

7
Myth 1
  • You have to be
  • underweight to have
  • an eating disorder.

8
False
  • People with eating disorders come in all shapes
    and sizes. Many
  • individuals with eating disorders are of average
    weight or are overweight.

9
Myth 2
  • Only teenage girls and young women are affected
    by eating disorders.

10
False
  • While eating disorders are most common in young
    women in their teens and early twenties, they are
    found in men and women of all ages.

11
Myth 3
  • People with eating disorders are vain.

12
False
  • Its not vanity that drives people with eating
    disorders to follow extreme diets and obsess over
    their bodies, but rather an attempt to deal with
    feelings of shame, anxiety, and powerlessness.

13
Myth 4
  • Eating disorders arent really that dangerous.

14
False
  • All eating disorders can lead to irreversible and
    even life-threatening health problems, such as
    heart disease, bone loss, stunted growth,
    infertility, and kidney damage.

15
Tips for Talking about an Eating Disorder
  • Communicate your concerns. Share your memories of
    specific times when you felt concerned about the
    persons eating or exercise behaviors. Explain
    that you think these things may indicate that
    there could be a problem that needs professional
    attention.
  • Avoid conflicts or a battle of the wills. If the
    person refuses to acknowledge that there is a
    problem, or any reason for you to be concerned,
    restate your feelings and the reasons for them
    and leave yourself open and available as a
    supportive listener.
  • Avoid placing shame, blame, or guilt on the
    person regarding their actions or attitudes. Do
    not use accusatory you statements like, You
    just need to eat. Or, You are acting
    irresponsibly. Instead, use I statements. For
    example Im concerned about you because you
    refuse to eat breakfast or lunch. Or, It makes
    me afraid to hear you vomiting.
  • Avoid giving simple solutions. For example, "If
    you'd just stop, then everything would be fine!"

16
Dont give up if the person shuts you out at
first or reacts in anger or denial. The eating
disorder is your loved ones way of dealing with
emotions that are too painful to face directly.
It may take some time before your friend or
family member is even willing to admit to having
a problem. Lecturing, getting upset, or issuing
ultimatums wont help the situation. Instead,
make it clear that you care about the persons
health and happiness and youll continue to be
there for him or her.
17
Treatments for eating disorders
  • There are many treatment options for eating
    disorders. The right approach for each individual
    depends on his or her specific symptoms, issues,
    and strengths, as well as the severity of the
    disorder. To be most effective, treatment for an
    eating disorder must address both the physical
    and psychological aspects of the problem. The
    goal is to treat any medical or nutritional
    needs, promote a healthy relationship with food,
    and teach constructive ways to cope with life and
    its challenges.
  • Often, a combination of therapy, nutritional
    counseling, and group support works best. In some
    cases, residential treatment or hospitalization
    may be necessary.

18
Specific Treatments
  • Psychotherapy Individual and group therapy can
    help your loved one explore the issues underlying
    the eating disorder, improve self-esteem, and
    learn healthy ways of responding to stress and
    emotional pain. Family therapy is also effective
    for dealing with the impact the eating disorder
    has on the entire family unit.
  • Nutritional counseling Dieticians or
    nutritionists are often involved in the treatment
    of eating disorders. They can help your loved one
    design meal plans, set dietary goals, and achieve
    a healthy weight. Nutritional counseling may also
    involve education about basic nutrition and the
    health consequences of eating disorders.
  • Support groups Attending an eating disorder
    support group can help your loved one feel less
    alone and ashamed. Run by peers rather than
    professionals, support groups provide a safe
    environment to share experiences, advice,
    encouragement, and coping strategies.
  • Residential treatment - Residential or
    hospital-based care may be required when there
    are severe physical or behavioral problems, such
    as a resistance to treatment, medical issues that
    require a doctors supervision, or continuing
    weight loss.

19
Need Help?
  • Dont be afraid to mention anything you notice to
    your Resident Assistant or Resident Director.
    They are the best people to help you find the
    resources you need.
  • Visit http//www.nationaleatingdisorders.org for
    more information.
  • Call or email the Counseling Center on campus.
    They are more than able to help and all their
    services are FREE.
  • For more information, please contact
  • List your university contact information here…

20
(No Transcript)
21
  • This bulletin board was created collaboratively
    by Kate Bobbie, Mallory Burns, Ashley Frye and
    Ashley McCrea, four female Resident Assistants at
    Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania, with
    information provided by a resident.
  • Feel free to use this as you see fit. Awareness
    Week is Feb. 24- March 1st.
  • Just a note, the Myth slides were put up as an
    interactive element. The myth slide was placed
    over the answer so the residents could flip it
    over and see if their answers were correct.
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