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Hit the Books

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Test Taking : Tips on how to outsmart multiple choice, essay, short answer & true/false tests ... Campus Blues: http://www.campusblues.com/test.asp ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hit the Books


1
Hit the Books! A guide to Note Taking Lear
ning Styles Textbook Studying Test Taking Strate
gies
Test Anxiety
The Center for Academic and Accessibility Resour
ces
2
  • Workshop Overview

This workshop is designed to provide you with
effective strategies on Note taking methods F
inding what works best for you
Learning Styles Visual learner, Kinesthetic le
arner, Auditory Learner
Textbook studying Making the most of what you r
ead Test Taking Tips on how to outsmart multi
ple choice, essay, short answer true/false
tests Test Anxiety Taking control before and d
uring tests
3
Note taking methods
  • Finding what works best for you

4
Note taking methods
  • The Cornell Method
  • Record-use the note-taking column to record the
    lecture
  • Questions-after class (or within 24 hours), write
    questions in the left column to help you
    understand the material better clarify any
    questions you may have (think of useful questions
    that you can use to study with later)
  • Recite-cover the note-taking column and then ask
    the questions in the left column, answering them
    as thoroughly as possible
  • Reflect-reflect on the material by asking
    yourself any additional questions
  • Review-spend at least 10 minutes every week
    reviewing your notes
  • Outline Form
  • Best used when your professor lectures in a
    structured, predictable way.
  • You can informally create an outline by using
    dashes instead of Roman Numerals…
  • Each time a main idea or point is mentioned,
    start a new section to the outline (I, II, III,
    etc).
  • Heres an example…
  • Topic
  • I. First Main Idea
  • A. Major Supporting Fact
  • B. Major Supporting Fact
  • 1. First reason or example
  • 2. Second reason or example
  • a. First Supporting Fact
  • b. Second Supporting Fact

5
Note Taking Continued…
  • Mind-Mapping or Concept Mapping
  • Starts from the main idea in the center of the
    page
  • Branches out with subtopics
  • Each subtopic can have many branches of their
    own
  • Its up to you to create the patterns, and make
    associations
  • This method creates a visual that will help your
    brain categorize and store information in your
    long term memory

6
Learning Styles
  • Visual learners, Kinesthetic Learners,
  • Auditory Learners

7
Visual Learners
  • You learn best when information is presented
    visually and in a written language format.
  • In a classroom setting, you benefit from
    instructors who use the blackboard (or overhead
    projector) to list the essential points of a
    lecture, or who provide you with an outline to
    follow along with during lecture.
  • You benefit from information obtained from
    textbooks and class notes. You tend to like to
    study by yourself in a quiet room. You often see
    information "in your mind's eye" when you are
    trying to remember something.
  • You benefit from instructors who use visual aids
    such as film, video, maps and charts.
  • You benefit from information obtained from the
    pictures and diagrams in textbooks.
  • When trying to remember something, you can often
    visualize a picture of it in your mind.
  • You may have an artistic side that enjoys
    activities having to do with
    visual art and design.

8
Strategies for Visual Learners
  • Color coding"
  • Using highlighter pens - highlight different
    kinds of information in contrasting colors.
  • Write out sentences / phrases
  • Make flashcards of vocabulary words and concepts
    that need to be memorized.
  • When learning information presented in diagrams
    or illustrations, write out explanations for the
    information.
  • When a problem involves a sequence of steps,
    write out in detail how to do each step.
  • Make yourself visual reminders of information
    that must be memorized Flash cards, Post-its,
    diagrams

9
The Tactile/ Kinesthetic Learners
  • You learn best when physically engaged in a
    "hands on" activity.
  • In the classroom, you benefit from a lab setting
    where you can manipulate materials to learn new
    information.
  • You learn best when you can be physically active
    in the learning environment.
  • You benefit from instructors who encourage
    in-class demonstrations, "hands on" student
    learning experiences, and field work outside the
    classroom.

10
Strategies for Kinesthetic Learners
  • Sit near the front of the room and take notes
    throughout the class period. Dont worry about
    taking perfect notes
  • When studying, walk back and forth with textbook,
    notes, or flashcards in hand and read the
    information out loud.
  • To learn a sequence of steps, make 3'x 5'
    flashcards for each step. Arrange the cards on a
    table top to represent the correct sequence.
    Limit the amount of information per card to aid
    recall. Practice putting the cards in order until
    the sequence becomes automatic.
  • When reviewing new information, copy key points
    onto large writing surface. Use graphics,
    tables, and spreadsheets to further organize
    material that must be learned.
  • Listen to audio tapes on a Walkman tape player
    while exercising. Make your own tapes containing
    important course information.

11
Auditory Learners
  • You learn best when information is presented
    auditory in an oral language format.
  • In a classroom setting, you benefit from
    listening to lecture and participating in group
    discussions.
  • You also benefit from obtaining information from
    audio tape.
  • When trying to remember something, you can often
    "hear" the way someone told you the information,
    or the way you previously repeated it out loud.
  • You learn best when interacting with others in a
    listening/speaking exchange .

12
Strategies for Auditory Learners
  • Join a study group to assist you in learning
    course material
  • When studying by yourself, talk out loud to aid
    recall.
  • Tape record your lectures.
  • Use audio tapes
  • State the problem in your own words.
  • To learn a sequence of steps, write them out in
    sentence form and read them out loud.

13
Textbook studying
  • making the most of what you read

14
Textbook Studying Tips
  • Dont spend more than an hour at a time on one
    subject
  • Keep alert by taking rest breaks
  • Study similar subjects at separate times
  • Avoid studying during your sleepy times
  • Study at the most productive time for your
    course
  • Use SQ3R Reading Method

15
The SQ3R Reading Method
  • Survey
  • Question
  • Read
  • Recall
  • Review

16
SURVEY
  • Skim title, headings, and subheadings
  • Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps
  • Review questions or teacher-made study guides
  • Introductory and concluding paragraphs
  • Summary

17
QUESTION
  • Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into
    questions
  • Read questions at the end of the chapters or
    after each subheading
  • Ask yourself, "What did my instructor say about
    this chapter or subject when it was assigned?"
  • Ask yourself, "What do I already know about this
    subject?"

18
READ
  • Look for answers to the questions you first
    raised
  • Answer questions at the beginning or end of
    chapters or study guides
  • Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
  • Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed
    words or phrases
  • Study graphic aids
  • Reduce your speed for difficult passages
  • Stop and reread parts which are not clear
  • Read only a section at a time and recite after
    each section

19
RECITE, RECITE, RECITE
  • Orally ask yourself questions about what you have
    just read and/or summarize, in your own words,
    what you read
  • Take notes from the text but write the
    information in your own words
  • Underline/highlight important points you've just
    read
  • Use the method of recitation which best suits
    your particular learning style but remember, the
    more senses you use the more likely you are to
    remember what you read
  • TRIPLE STRENGTH LEARNING Seeing, saying,
    hearing
  • QUADRUPLE STRENGTH LEARNING Seeing , saying ,
    hearing, writing!!!

20
REVIEW
  • After you have read and recited the entire
    chapter, write questions for those points you
    have highlighted/underlined in the margins.
  • Page through the text and/or your notebook to
    re-acquaint yourself with the important points.
  • Orally recite or write the answers from memory.
    Make "flash cards" for those questions which give
    you difficulty.
  • Develop mnemonic devices for material which need
    to be memorized.
  • BECAUSE-Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small
    Elephants
  • The order of planets in average distance from the
    Sun (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
    Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto) My Very Easy
    Method Just Set Up Nine Planets.
  • Alternate between your flash cards and notes and
    test yourself (orally or in writing) on the
    questions you formulated.

21
Did you know?
  • That within 24 hours, at least 70 of the
    information weve encountered is lost…
  • That we tend to retain only 20 what we hear in a
    lecture and write in our notes…
  • That if we do an active review of our notes
    within 24 hours utilizing a method such as the
    Cornell Method, or of our reading using something
    like the SQ3R System, we raise that retention
    level to at least 60...

22
Test Taking Strategies
  • Tips on how to outsmart multiple choice, essay,
    short
    answer true/false tests

23
Test Taking
  • Multiple Choice
  • Read the question carefully
  • Rephrase the question
  • Eliminate choices
  • Go from easy to difficult
  • Watch for combinations
  • Look at sentence structure
  • Essays
  • Outline
  • Budget your writing time
  • Read the question carefully
  • Organize the material
  • Write concisely and correctly
  • Write neatly
  • Focus on the main points supporting
    information
  • Answer completely
  • Use all of the available time

24
Test Taking Continued
  • Fill in the Blank
  • Watch for clues
  • Count the number of blanks
  • Watch for the length of the blank
  • Answer the questions you know first
  • Answer all of the questions
  • Short Answer
  • Write clear, logical and brief answers.
  • When you skip a short essay question because it
    stumps you, look for cues in the rest of the test
    that may help you go back and answer it later.
  • True/False
  • Listen and read carefully
  • Pay attention to details
  • Watch for qualifiers
  • Watch for faulty cause and effect

25
Test Anxiety
  • taking control before and during tests

26
Test Anxiety
  • Symptoms of Test Anxiety
  • Physical-nausea, excessive perspiration, muscle
    tension, shortness of breath, rapid heart rate
  • Emotional-any excessive feeling like
    disappointment, anger, helplessness
  • Behavioral-fidgeting, avoidance, substance abuse
  • Cognitive- going blank, difficulty
    concentrating, knowing the answers AFTER you turn
    in the test, negative self talk, difficulty
    organizing your thoughts, giving up
  • Resources That Can …
  • Websites
  • University of Missouri-Rolla Counseling Center
    http//campus.umr.edu/counsel/selfhelp/vpl/testanx
    iety.htm
  • Campus Blues http//www.campusblues.com/test.asp

  • The UIUC Counseling Center http//www.couns.uiuc
    .edu/Brochures/testanx.htm
  • Study Guides and Strategies Web site
    http//www.studygs.net/tstprp8.htm
  • The CLU Counseling Center
  • Call 493-3225 to make an appointment or stop by
    the Matson House or visit them on the website at
    www.callutheran.edu/counseling

27
Tackling Test Anxiety
  • During the Test
  • -Dont panic if you cant remember something
    right awayskip to questions that you know
  • -Tense and relax your jaw, then your shoulders,
    then your feetthen take several deep breaths
    with your eyes closed (practice any relaxation
    techniques before the test too)
  • -Do something differentgo to the restroom if you
    can, sharpen your pencil, ask the professor a
    question, etc.
  • -Picture yourself somewhere else….like on the
    shore of a calm ocean in the evening…
  • Before the Test
  • Develop a study group
  • Spread review over several daysno cramming
  • Eat healthy exercise
  • Think positive-tell yourself that you can do it
  • Take a practice test under exam-like conditions
  • Get to class early
  • After the Test
  • -Evaluate what methods worked best for you
  • -Evaluate your professors test style in
    relation to your notes and the book
  • -Sharpen your skills for next time
  • -Never give up and ask for help if you need
    it!!!

28
  • Questions?
  • Comments?
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