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Title: California Interscholastic Federation presents


1
California Interscholastic Federationpresents
  • STEROIDS AND SUPPLEMENTS WHAT WE ALL NEED TO
    KNOW
  • What You Dont Know Can Kill!
  • Update August 2005

2
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3
Monitoring the FutureU.S. Department of Health
Anabolic Steroid Use by Students 2003 National
Survey Statistics
  • 8th 10th 12th
  • Ever Used 2.5 3.0 3.5
  • Calif. Students Estimate 15,000 14,182
  • Used past year 1.4 1.7 2.1
  • Calif. Students Estimate 8,505 8,509
  • Used past month 0.7 0.8 1.3
  • Calif. Students Estimate 4,002 5,267

4
Monitoring the Future
CIF Actual Participation in 2004-2005
  • Male Participants 386,686
  • Female Participants 278,284
  • 678,970
  • Estimated number of CIF athletes using Steroids
    based upon national average of
  • 3.5 use 23,784

5
2004 Student Survey
Survey California High School Students in March
2004, completed by _at_issue Consulting Group
  • Have you ever taken performance enhancing
    drugs/supplements?
  • Yes 11 boys Yes 5 girls
  • CIF Athletes 42,032 13,711
  • Do you know of someone else who takes
    performance-enhancing drugs/supplements?
  • Yes 52 boys 33 girls

6
2004 Student Survey
Survey of California High School Students in
March 2004, completed by _at_issue Consulting Group
  • Do you, or anyone you know take anabolic
    steroids?
  • Yes 13 boys 10 girls
  • Are you personally aware of coaches or other
    sports related staff promoting the use of these
    substances?
  • Yes 18 boys 7 girls
  • 68,780 19,196

7
Ken Caminiti Died at age 41 Admitted to using
steroids during his MVP season.
Kelli White Stripped of 2002 World Championships
Gold Medals use of steroids
Jason Giambi admits to the use of steroids
8
STEROIDS TWO COMMON METHODS Pills
9
INJECTABLE ANABOLIC STEROIDS Risks
include HIV Hepatitis B, C Infections Impurities
10
Where Do You Usually Get Your Anabolic Steroids?
  • Friend/Family 20
  • Other Physician 16
  • Retail Store 16
  • Website/Mail Order 14
  • Coach 9
  • Teammate/Other
  • Athlete 7
  • Team Physician 5
  • Athletic Trainer 4
  • Pro Scout/Agent 3
  • Strength Coach 2

2001 NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of
21,225College Student-athletes.
11
  Web    Images    Groups New!    News    Froogle
    
  • Web Results 1 - 10 of about 1,160,000 for buy
    steroids. (0.31 seconds) 
  • uy steroids, buy steroids online, buy anabolic
    steroids online ... buy steroids, buy steroids
    online, buy anabolic steroids online, buy legal
    steroids. Best buy home page, Buy steroids. Best
    buy steroids. ... www.visimon.com/Best-Buy/buy-st
    eroid/buy-steroid.htm - 12k - Cached -
    Similar pagesazcentral.com message boards -
    Boxing - Buy steroids like ... ... Buy steroids
    like Dianabol, Sustanon, Decadurabolin, Winstrol.
    Author Date 11-09-04 1635 Our company sell
    large number of anabolic ... www.azcentral.com/ph
    orum/

12
Symptoms/Warnings of Steroid Use
  • MALE
  • Rapid muscle growth
  • Acne cysts chest, back
  • Shrinking of the testicles
  • Breast development
  • Oily scalp
  • Rage, anger, hostility and depression
  • FEMALE
  • Rapid muscle growth
  • Acne cysts
  • Excessive growth of body hair
  • Male pattern baldness
  • Oily scalp
  • Rage, anger, hostility and depression

13
Symptoms/Warnings of Steroid Use
14
Adverse effects of Anabolic Steroids
  • Cardiovascular- lowered HDL, atherosclerosis,
    hypertension

15
Recent Pro Wrestling Deaths associated
with Steroids or hGH (human growth hormone)
Davey Boy Smith, 39 Curt Henning, 44 Louie
Spiccoli Mucciolo, 27 Richard Ravishing Rick
Rude Rood, 40 Flyin Brian Pillman,
35 Source, USA Today 3/12/04
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18
Dietary Supplement Myths
  • Its natural
  • so they must be safe
  • Supplements are not drugs
  • Supplements are
  • safer than
  • pharmaceuticals

xxxxxxxx
19
Other Natural Products
  • Nicotine
  • THC (active ingredient in marijuana)
  • Heroin
  • Cocaine
  • Digoxin
  • Many cancer chemotherapeutic drugs

20
Popular Sports Nutritional Supplements
  • L-Carnitine
  • HMB
  • Gamma-Hydroxy-Butyrate
  • Pyruvate and DHA
  • Glycerol
  • Creatine
  • Chromium Picolinate
  • Ephedra
  • DHEA
  • Androstenedione
  • Androstenediol
  • 19-Norandrostenedione
  • 19-Norandrostendiol
  • 1 androstenediol (1-AD)

21
Ephedra-free means Ephedra-replaced!
22
New supplement? The Ephedra Replacement
Citrus Aurantium Bitter Orange Zhi Shi
23
New SupplementCitrus Aurantium - Bitter Orange
  • Increases metabolic rate
  • Increases caloric expenditure
  • Fat burner
  • Promotes weight loss
  • Increases energy level
  • Mild Stimulant similar to ephedrine
  • Warning label eerily similar to ephedra

24
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25
If it takes 10 pills to kill you, Ill take
9. -Tom Simpson, Tour de France Rider
Died 1967 of amphetamine overdose
Recent Cycling Drug Deaths Marco Patani,
34 Fabrice Salanson, 23 Jose-Maria Jimenez, 32
26
Example Caffeine
Recreational 100 mg in morning cup of coffee
Therapeutic 100 mg in caffeine/ergotamine
to treat migraine headaches
Ergogenic 1000 mg to increase mobilization
and strength of contractions
27
Supplements Banned by NCAA, IOC
  • DHEA
  • Androstenedione
  • Androstenediol
  • 19- Norandrostenedione
  • Nandrolone
  • 19-norandrostenediol
  • metabolites
  • Ma Huang
  • Ephedrine
  • Caffeine Levels gt 12-15
    micrograms/mL

28
Anabolic Steroid Precursors
  • Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Precursors Were Sold
    As Dietary Supplements

President George Bush signs the Anabolic Steroid
Control Act of 2004 on Friday, October 22, 2004
29
Androstenedione
30
  • Andro, which is banned in the NFL and other
    sports but not in baseball, was used by McGwire
    during the 1998 season when he hit 70 home runs,
    breaking the single-season record owned by Roger
    Maris. Andro sales quadrupled after his
    admission, with teenagers making up many of those
    consumers.
  • Tom Farrey, Senators Want Over-the-Counter Andro
    Ban, ESPN, Oct 24, 2003 http//espn.go.com/gen/ne
    ws/2003/1024/1645745.html

31
Androstenedione vs. Dianabol (methandrostenolone)
Androstenedione is one of the strongest, most
potent legal testosterone boosters, capable of
raising testosterone levels up to 600. The
results of Andro do not compare to Dianabol, but
is much safer for teenagers. It is also half as
cheap as Dianabol. -Teenbodybuilding.com
32
Where Do Student-Athletes Get Their Dietary
Supplements?
  • Parent 9
  • Strength Coach 8
  • Athletic Trainer 8
  • Coach 7
  • Other Physician 5
  • Team Physician 1
  • Friend 14
  • Retail Store 13
  • Teammate/Other Athlete 12
  • Nutritionist/Dietician 12
  • Internet 11

-2001 NCAA Study of Substance Use Habits of
College Student-athletes of 21,225 athletes.
33
Why Care about Athletes and Steroids and
Supplements?
  • Long Term Health
  • Integrity of the Sport
  • Ethical Fair Play
  • Inaction Alternative?

34
Steve Bechler 1979 - 2003
35
Korey Stringer 1974 - 2001
36
Rashidi Wheeler 1979-2001 Damien H.S. La Verne,
CA.
37
Taylor Hooton June 10, 1985 July 15, 2003
38
Rob Garibaldi Casa Grande H.S. Petaluma,
CA Sept. 15, 1978 Oct. 1, 2002
39
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40
  • Efrain Marrero
  • October 16, 1984 - September 26, 2004
  • Vacaville, CA
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