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Jacksonian Democracy

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the humble members of society the farmer, mechanics, and laborers...have a ... Trail of Tears ... 1/3 die. Seminole Wars (1835-42) Osceola. Guerrilla warfare ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jacksonian Democracy


1
Jacksonian Democracy
2
  • the humble members of society the farmer,
    mechanics, and laborershave a right to complain
    of the injustice of their government.
    A.Jacksons Inaugural

3
Democracy grows
  • Becoming respectable
  • Electing people like THEM
  • Universal white manhood suffrage
  • Caucuses vs. Conventions
  • Involvement

4
Concerns of the people
  • The Bank
  • Currency
  • Slavery
  • era of good feelings short lived!
  • Sectionalism v. Nationalism

5
Election of 1824
  • All Dem-Republicans
  • Andrew Jackson Tenn.
  • Hero of New Orleans
  • Ran against King Caucus
  • Self-made man
  • 99 electoral college votes

6
  • Henry Clay
  • Harry of the West
  • The Great Compromiser
  • Speaker of the H of Reps
  • American System
  • 37 electoral College votes

7
  • 3. John Q. Adams
  • Northeast
  • Nationalist
  • Sec. Of State
  • Educated, much experience
  • cold fish
  • 84 electoral votes

8
4. William Crawford GAIll, states rts/strict
const.41 electoral votes
  • No clear majority (133).
  • 12th Amendment says top 3 vote getters go to
    House of Reps.
  • VP is John C. Calhoun
  • The Corrupt Bargain

9
John Quincy Adams 6
  • Serious nationalist
  • No political skills
  • Sided with Cherokees
  • 1828 Tariff of Abominations
  • 1828 election loses to AJ
  • Runs for House of Reps

10
Andrew Jackson 7
  • Old Hickory
  • Let the people rule
  • from the snobs to the mobs Hickoryites
  • Growing power of west
  • True anti-federalist

11
Leader of King Mob
  • Wanted government to be that simple machine the
    constitution created.
  • to the victors go the spoils
  • well greased political machine
  • Kitchen Cabinet

12
The Moneyed Monster
  • Tolerated it until
  • 1832 vs Clay as Nat. Rep
  • Bank re-charter 4 years early
  • Nicholas Biddle
  • To veto or not to veto
  • The bank is killing me!

13
Results
  • pet banks
  • No regulation
  • Specie Circular
  • West is cash starved
  • Clay loses big time

14
Tariffs and Sectionalism
  • 1828 Tariff of Abominations
  • SC flags at half-mast
  • The South Carolina Exposition Calhoun
  • Call for states rights
  • False alarm

15
  • Webster-Haynes Debates
  • 1830
  • People not states had framed the constitution
  • Courts not states last word
  • Liberty AND Union now and forever, one and
    inseparable.

16
  • The gauntlet thrown 1830
  • Jackson Our Union, it must be preserved.
  • Calhoun The Union next to our liberty, the
    most dear.
  • Calhoun resigns comes back as Senator

17
  • Nullification Crisis
  • Tariff of 1832
  • SCs special convention
  • null and void
  • Force Bill
  • Clays Tariff of 1833
  • Calhoun First President of Southern Confederacy

18
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19
The Indians
  • 5 Civilized Tribes Creeks, Choctaw, Chickasaw,
    Cherokees, Seminoles
  • GA, gold, Supreme Court Marshall has made his
    decision now let him enforce it!

20
  • Indian Removal Act of 1830
  • Indian Territory
  • 100,000
  • Land bought for 9 mil but charged 6 mil to move
  • Trail of Tears 1/3 die

21
(No Transcript)
22
  • Seminole Wars (1835-42)
  • Osceola
  • Guerrilla warfare
  • Flag of truce ignored
  • 4/5 head to Oklahoma
  • 300 head to swamps

23
Martin Van Buren 8
  • 1836 Dem. Van Buren vs. Whigs (3, Why?)
  • a first class second rate man but handpicked
  • 1837 economic slump
  • Van Ruin blamed but not his fault

24
William Henry Harrison 9
  • 1840 election of public relations slogans and
    supposed appearances Tippecanoe and Tyler Too!
  • Whigs Harrison vs. Dem. Van Buren (Ruin)
  • Whigs hope to bring back nationalistic ideas
    dies with Harrison.
  • Tyler 10 will disappoint
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