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Growing Native Plants in Chisago County

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Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass. Eupatorium purpureum Joe-Pye Weed ... Panicum virgatum Switch Grass. Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Growing Native Plants in Chisago County


1
Growing Native Plants in Chisago County
  • Tom Dickhudt
  • March 1, 2005

2
What is here?
  • What is a Chisago County native plant?
  • What do they look like?
  • How do I plant them?
  • Where do I get them?

3
What is a Chisago County native plant?
  • A native plant is usually defined as one that was
    growing naturally in a specific area before white
    or European settlement.
  • A cultivar is a specially produced plant (from
    the words cultivated and variety)
  • An exotic is a plant introduced from outside of a
    region

4
Pasque Flower anemone patens
5
Lead plant New Jersey Tea
6
Meadow blazing star liatris ligulistylis
7
(No Transcript)
8
Woodland Coneflower
9
Cardinal Flower lobelia cardinalis
10
Grey headed Coneflower ratibida pinnata
11
Prairie Coneflower ratibida columnifera
12
Downy mint monarda punctata
13
Golden Aster chrysopsis villosa
14
Partridge Pea cassia fasciculata
15
Bellwort
16
Shooting star
17
Birdsfoot violet
18
lupine
19
Sneezeweed helenium autumnale
20
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae
21
Swamp milkweed
22
Wood Betony pedicularis canadensis
23
Joe Pye Weed eupatorium maculatum
24
Turks Cap Lilly lilium michiganense
25
Grand Penstemon penstemon grandiflorus
26
Prairie Smoke geum triflorum
27
Pale purple Coneflower echinacea pallida
28
Orchis Spectalis
29
Wild Ginger
30
Prairie Onion allium stellatum
31
Butterfly weed asclepias tuberosa
32
Little Bluestem andropogon scoparius
33
Highbush Cranberry viburnum trilobum
34
Site Preparation
  • The first method is to put a dark plastic sheet,
    tarp, or pieces of plywood over the grass for at
    least two months before you begin planting.  
  • The second procedure is to turn the soil and
    cultivate the area every few weeks for a complete
    growing season.
  • A third method involves using a nonselective
    herbicide containing the active ingredient
    glyphosate, such as Round Up or Kleenup, to
    kill all existing vegetation.

35
How Do I choose Plants?
  • The Minnesota Department of Transportation has a
    great web site at
  • http//www.plantselector.dot.state.mn.us/

36
Type selection page
37
Plant characteristics
38
Place of origin
39
Choose Minnesota for Natives
40
Program generates list that meets your criteria
41
Where do I get Plants?
  • Soil and Water Conservation District
  • Landscape Alternatives
  • Prairie Restorations
  • Prairie Moon
  • Grow your own from local sources
  • Dont dig from the wild

42
Any Rain Garden is better than no Rain Garden
43
What is a rain garden?
  • A bioretention system that retains water and
    soaks it up rather than allow it to run off the
    property.

44
preparation
  • Dig and loosen soil to a depth of two feet
  • Create a dip for water to settle until it sinks
    in
  • Native plants can tough it out

45
What are some good plants? Tall plant garden
  • Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass
  • Eupatorium purpureum Joe-Pye Weed
  • Andropogon gerardi Big Bluestem
  • Vernonia fascicolata Ironweed
  • Solidago rigida Stiff Goldenrod
  • Liatris spicata Dense Blazingstar
  • Baptista australis Blue False Indigo
  • Echinacea pallida Pale Purple Coneflower
  • Panicum virgatum Switch Grass
  • Ratibida pinnata Yellow Coneflower
  • Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower

46
Short plants
  • Eupatorium perfoliatum Boneset 3-4'
  • Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower 3-4'
  • Solidago ohioensis Ohio Goldenrod 3-4'
  • Bouteloua curtipendula Side-oats Grama 2-3'
  • Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia 1-4'
  • Physostegia virginiana Obedient Plant 1-2'
  • Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susies 1-3'
  • Sisyrinchium angustifolium Blue-eyed Grass 1'
  • Allium cernuum Nodding Pink Onion

47
Septic Mounds
  • prairie onion (Allium stellatum)
  • pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)
  • butterflyweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  • heath aster (Aster ericodes)
  • bigleaf aster (Aster macrophyllus)
  • Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
  • prairie clover (Dalea spp.)
  • pale purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)
  • rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium)
  • wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

48
  • prairie smoke (Geum triflorum)
  • oxeye (Helianthus helianthoides)
  • rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)
  • wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
  • penstemon (Penstemon spp.)
  • pasqueflower (Pulsatilla patens)
  • violets (Viola spp.)

49
  • Grasses
  • sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)
  • blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis)
  • little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  • prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)
  • June grass (Koeleria macrantha)
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