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IN LARGER FREEDOM:

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The cause of larger freedom can only be advanced by broad, deep and sustained ... I. Freedom from want ... III. Freedom to live in dignity ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IN LARGER FREEDOM:


1
IN LARGER FREEDOM
  • Towards Development, Security and Human Rights
    for All

Executive Summary 21 March 2005, A/59/2005
2
Introduction A Historic Opportunity in 2005
  • The Secretary General proposes an agenda
    involving actionable policy decisions and reforms
  • Consensus on key challenges and priorities must
    be revitalized in order to meet the needs and
    hopes of people everywhere
  • Advances on security, development and human
    rights must take place together, otherwise none
    will succeed

3
The three inter-connected causes
Security
Development
Human Rights
4
A world of inter-connected threats and
opportunities
  • It is in the self-interest of each country to
    address these key challenges effectively
  • The cause of larger freedom can only be advanced
    by broad, deep and sustained global cooperation
    among States
  • To mobilize and collective action, the world
    needs
  • strong and capable States,
  • effective partnerships with civil society and the
    private sector, and
  • agile and effective regional and global
    inter-governmental institutions
  • The UN must be reshaped dramatically with
    unprecedented boldness and speed

5
The Four Challenges
  • Freedom from want
  • Freedom from fear
  • Freedom to live in dignity
  • Strengthening the United Nations

6
I. Freedom from want
  • Most dramatic reduction in extreme poverty the
    world has experienced took place in the last 25
    years
  • On the other hand dozens of countries have become
    poorer
  • More than 1 billion people still live on less
    than a dollar a day
  • Each year, 3 million people die from HIV/AIDS
  • 11 million children die before reaching their
    fifth birthday

7
MDGs
  • A shared vision of development
  • Globally accepted benchmarks of broader progress
    embraced by donors, developing countries, civil
    society and major development institutions
  • Can be met by 2015 if all involved break with
    business as usual and dramatically accelerate and
    scale up action now

8
MDG 8 Global partnership for development
  • Reaffirmed in 2002 at the International
    Conference on Financing for Development at
    Monterrey, Mexico and the World Summit on
    Sustainable Development in Joburg, South Africa
  • Must be fully implemented
  • Partnership between developing and developed
    countries must be grounded on mutual
    responsibility and accountability
  • Developing countries must strengthen governance,
    combat corruption, promote private sector-led
    growth and maximize resources to fund national
    government strategies
  • Developed countries must increase development
    assistance, support a new development-oriented
    trade round and a wider and deeper debt relief

9
Priority Areas for Action in 2005
  • National strategies
  • Financing for development
  • Trade
  • Debt relief

10
National strategies
  • Developing countries with extreme poverty should
    by 2006 adopt and implement bold strategies to
    meet the MDG target for 2015
  • Each strategy needs to take into account 7 broad
    clusters of public investments and policies
  • gender equality,
  • the environment,
  • rural development,
  • urban development,
  • health systems,
  • education and,
  • science, technology and innovation

11
Financing for development
  • Doubling of global development assistance
    required over the next few years
  • Developed countries must establish a timetable to
    achieve the 0.7 target of GNP for ODA no later
    than 2015 starting with significant increases no
    later than 2006 and reaching 0.5 by 2009
  • Increases should be front-loaded through an
    International Finance Facility and other
    innovative sources of finance
  • The Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis
    and Malaria must be fully funded
  • Resources for an expanded comprehensive strategy
    of prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS must be
    provided
  • Must be supplemented by supporting a series of
    Quick Wins -relatively inexpensive, high impact
    initiatives such as free distribution of
    anti-malarial bednets

12
Trade
  • The Doha round of trade negotiations should
    fulfil its development promise and must be
    completed no later than 2006
  • Members states should provide duty-free and
    quota-free market access for all exports from the
    LDCs

13
Debt relief
  • Debt sustainability should be redefined as the
    level of debt that allows a country to achieve
    the MDGs and to reach 2015 without an increase in
    debt ratios

14
Environmental sustainability
  • New action needed
  • Scientific and technological innovation must be
    mobilized to develop tools for mitigating climate
    change
  • A more inclusive international framework
    involving, all major emitters and both developed
    and developing countries, must be developed for
    stabilizing greenhouse gas emissions beyond the
    expiry of the Kyoto Protocol in 2012
  • Concrete steps required on desertification and
    biodiversity

15
Other priorities for global action
  • Stronger mechanisms for infectious disease
    surveillance and monitoring
  • A world-wide early warning system on natural
    disasters
  • Supporting science and technology for development
  • Supporting regional infrastructure and
    institutions
  • Reform of IFIs
  • More effective cooperation to mange migration for
    the benefit of all

16
II. Freedom from fear
  • The world lacks a basic consensus and
    implementation where it occurs if often contested
  • The threats to peace and and security in the21st
    century includes not just international war and
    conflict but terrorism, WMD, organized crime and
    civil violence
  • They also include poverty, deadly infectious
    diseases and environmental degradation
  • Collective security means that threats perceived
    as most urgent in one region of the world is
    equal for all

17
Key policy and institutional priorities
  • Preventing catastrophic terrorism
  • Nuclear, chemical and biological weapons
  • Reducing the prevalence and risk of war
  • Use of force

18
Preventing catastrophic terrorism
  • States need a comprehensive anti-terrorism
    strategy based on 5 pillars
  • Dissuading people from resorting terrorism or
    supporting it,
  • Denying terrorists access to funds and materials
  • Deterring States from sponsoring terrorism,
  • Developing State capacity to defeat terrorism,
    and
  • Defending human rights
  • States should conclude a comprehensive convention
    on terrorism
  • Should also complete the convention for the
    suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism

19
Nuclear, chemical and biological weapons
  • Disarmament Nuclear-weapon states should
    further reduce their arsenals of non-strategic
    nuclear weapons, pursue arms control agreements,
    reaffirm their commitment to negative security
    assurances and uphold the moratorium on nuclear
    test explosions
  • Non-proliferation IAEA verification
    strengthened through universal adoption of the
    Model Additional Protocol States should
    complete, sign and implement a fissile material
    cut-off treaty

20
Reducing the prevalence and risk of war
  • Create an inter-governmental Peacebuilding
    Commission and Peacebuilding Support Office
    within the UN Secretariat
  • Strengthen collective capacity to employ
    mediation, sanctions and peacekeeping (including
    a zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation
    of minors and other vulnerable groups)

21
Use of force
  • The Security Council adopt a resolution setting
    out the principles relating the the use of force
    and use them when deciding to authorize or
    mandate the use of force

22
Other priorities for global action
  • Combating organized crime
  • Preventing illicit trade in small arms and light
    weapons
  • Removing landmines

23
III. Freedom to live in dignity
  • In the Millennium Declaration, Member States
    agree to promote democracy, strengthen rule of
    law and respect human rights and fundamental
    freedoms
  • Impressive treaty-based normative framework
    advanced over the last 6 decades, must be
    strengthened
  • Move from an era of legislation to implementation

24
Priority areas for action
  • Rule of law
  • Human Rights
  • Democracy

25
Rule of law
  • Embrace responsibility to protect as a basis
    for collective action against genocide, ethnic
    cleansing and crimes against humanity
  • All treaties protecting civilians should be
    ratified and implemented
  • Strengthen cooperation with the International
    Court of Justice and other international or mixed
    war crimes tribunal
  • Strengthen the International Court of Justice
  • Strengthen the UN Secretariat capacity to
    re-establish the rule of law in conflict and post
    conflict societies

26
Human Rights
  • OHCHR strengthened
  • OHCHR must play a more active role in the
    deliberations of the Security Council and the
    proposed Peacebuilding Commission
  • Human Rights Treaty Bodies of the UN System made
    more effective and responsive

27
Democracy
  • Democracy Fund to provide assistance to countries
    seeking to establish or strengthen democracy must
    be created

28
IV. Strengthening the United Nations
  • UN must be fully adapted to the needs and
    circumstances of the 21st century
  • A great deal achieved since the UN Reform in 1997
  • Much more needed in the Secretariat and the wider
    UN system and in the UN intergovernmental organs

29
Changes needed in
  • General Assembly
  • Security Council
  • ECOSOC
  • Proposed Human Rights Council
  • The UN Secretariat

30
General Assembly
  • Streamline its agenda and speed up the
    deliberative process
  • Concentrate on major substantive issues
  • Engage fully and systematically with the civil
    society

31
Security Council
  • Expansion to broadly represent todays realities
    of power
  • Consider two options - Models A and B -contained
    in the High-level Panel Report, or any other
    viable proposals
  • Member States should take decision before the
    Summit in September 2005

32
ECOSOC
  • Reformed so that it can
  • Effectively assess progress in the UNs
    development agenda,
  • Serve as a high-level development cooperation
    forum
  • Provide direction for various intergovernmental
    bodies in the economic and social areas
    throughout the UN system

33
Proposed Human Rights Council
  • Commission on Human Rights to be replaced by a
    smaller standing Human Rights Council
  • The Human Rights Council will be the principal
    organ of the UN or subsidiary of the GA
  • Members directly elected by the GA, by a
    two-thirds majority of members present and voting

34
The Secretariat
  • Realign Secretariats structure
  • Create a cabinet-style decision making mechanism
  • Pursue a one-time staff buy-out to refresh and
    realign staff
  • A comprehensive review of budget and human
    resources rules
  • A comprehensive review of OIOS

35
Other priorities
  • Strengthening the role of Resident Coordinators
    (RCs)
  • Giving the humanitarian response system more
    effective stand-by arrangements
  • Ensuring better protection of internally
    displaced people (IDP)
  • Greater support to Regional organizations,
    particularly the African Union
  • Update the UN Charter to abolish the enemy
    causes, the Trusteeship Council and the Military
    Staff Committee

36
Conclusion opportunity and challenge
  • The world community must decide whether this
    moment of uncertainty presages wider conflict,
    deepening inequality and the erosion of the rule
    of law, or is used to renew institutions for
    peace, prosperity and human rights
  • This is the time to act
  • A visionary change of direction for the world
    could emerge
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