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Maritime Transport Sector

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Container gantry cranes, RTGs, straddle carriers, container stackers, ... Where volume warrants, investment in cranes can intensify use of existing facilities ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Maritime Transport Sector


1
Maritime Transport Sector
  • Infrastructure Imperatives
  • June 2006, CSME

Roland Malins-Smith
2
Dominant influence on infrastructure has been
containerization
  • Origins of containerization trucker Malcolm
    McLean, 1956
  • Precipitated globalization by reducing the cost
    of maritime transport
  • Simple, effective way of moving goods which
    protects them, speeds up handling, permits
    inter-modal exchange, permits economies of scale
    with ships, speeds up delivery time, reduces
    inventories and costs
  • The end game dramatically increase port
    productivity

3
Impact of containerization
  • Introduced a new class of vessels the container
    ship
  • Introduced new handling methods organization at
    ports
  • Dictates changes in port layout
  • Requires investment in specialized port
    equipment
  • Increases labor productivity, leads to reduction
    in work force
  • Today we take containerization for granted, but
    it has been quite a change for the Caribbean, and
    the adjustment of our port infrastructure is an
    ongoing exercise

4
Caribbean network of mainline and feeder services
developing
  • Larger ships being used from Far East, Europe
  • Smaller ships moving containers from
  • Florida
  • Kingston Jamaica
  • Manzanillo Panama
  • Cartagena Colombia
  • Freeport Bahamas
  • Caucedo Dominican Republic
  • And secondary transshipment points such as
  • San Juan, St Croix, Point Lisas, Port of Spain,
    Vieux Fort

5
Transshipment is major business for ports such as
Kingston
  • Will move over 2.2 million teus in 2006
  • Now investing US250 million to grow to 3.2
    million within 4 years
  • Expects to have 2,100 ship calls this year
  • Building another 475 meters of berth and
    additional 161 acres of container terminal space

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9
For Transshipment ports, success requires high
productivity and low unit costs, achieved with
  • Measured investment in berths and terminal
    storage areas
  • Container gantry cranes, RTGs, straddle carriers,
    container stackers, yard trucks and chassis
  • Effective and experienced management
  • Industry specific software
  • Motivated work force, stable labor environment.
  • Objective Rates of 25-35 moves per gang hour

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12
State of port infrastructure in CSME a mixed bag
difficult to generalize
  • Some ports such as Kingston have spent
    considerable sums, making rapid progress
  • Most Caribbean ports have modest programs for
    acquiring / using container handling equipment
  • Some are in urgent need of berth renovation and
    expansion, dredging and terminal construction
    Paramaribo and Georgetown
  • Given state of infrastructure, fair to say that
    port productivity can be improved with further
    investment and with pro-active management of
    existing facilities

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15
From operators standpoint, infrastructure issues
  • Berthing competition between cruise and container
    ships
  • Where volume warrants, investment in cranes can
    intensify use of existing facilities
  • Insufficiency of moving equipment between ship
    and storage area
  • Preventive maintenance programs preserve
    equipment
  • Communications equipment sometimes lacking
  • Organization of container storage areas and
    pre-staging to increase productivity
  • Use of available software
  • Rationalization of working hours, gang size,
    charges
  • Container turn time, demurrage, storage regimes
  • Training to avoid poor handling methods, improve
    safety
  • Container truck scales increasingly useful
  • Effective and experienced management the key
    element

16
Ships and services no shortage of opportunities
for CSME
  • As a by-product of containerization,
    comprehensive regional network of services exists
  • Most if not all ports linked with day of the week
    sailings
  • Over 15 container shipping lines offer regular
    services
  • 6 actively canvass intra-regional business
  • Tropical Shipping www.Tropical.com
  • Bernuth Marine www.Bernuth.com
  • Seaboard Marine www.Seaboardmarine.com
  • Crowley Liner Services www.Crowley.com
  • CMA/CGM www.cma.cgm.com
  • Seafreight Line www.seafreightagencies.com
  • Current schedules can be found on the websites.
    CSME exporters who generate container size
    shipments are familiar with these services

17
Some issues remain
  • Handling cost, a function of productivity, remain
    relatively high, for reasons already given
  • Minimum costs and charges associated with
    container activity make LCL shipments very
    expensive
  • For primary products, refrigerated services
    usually come in 40 container sizes
  • Knowledge of existing services and opportunities
    could be improved

18
Thank you !
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