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Sjogrens Syndrome

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Sjogren's Syndrome. By. Krystal Odom & Kelly Starling. What is Sjogren's syndrome? Sjogren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by xerostomia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sjogrens Syndrome


1
Sjogrens Syndrome
  • By
  • Krystal Odom Kelly Starling

2
What is Sjogrens syndrome?
  • Sjogrens syndrome is a chronic autoimmune
    disorder characterized by xerostomia (dry mouth),
    xerophthalmia (dry eyes), and lymphocytic
    infiltration of the exocrine glands.
  • In Sjogrens syndrome the bodys defense system
    turns againist itself and attacks glands that
    produce moisture.

3
Suspected Causes
  • The cause of Sjogrens Syndrome is unknown,
    however there are some contributing factors
  • Heredity
  • Viral Infection
  • Hormones

4
Early Symptoms
  • Dry eyes
  • Dry mouth
  • Difficulty chewing
  • Dry cough
  • Dry nose
  • Dry throat
  • Dry lungs
  • Fatigue

5
Late Symptoms
  • Difficulty Chewing
  • Oral Yeast Infections
  • Cavities
  • Difficulty Swallowing

6
Sjogrens is Systemic
  • All instances of Sjogrens Syndrome are systemic,
    affecting the entire body.
  • Although the hallmark symptoms of Sjogrens
    syndrome are dry eyes and mouth, it can cause
    dryness of other organs affecting the kidneys, GI
    tract, vessels, lungs, liver, pancreas, and the
    CNS.
  • Patients experience debilitating fatigue and
    joint pain

7
Lab Work
  • Schirmer test/Slit-lamp exam measures dryness of
    eyes
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate (ESR)
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Urine Test

8
Diagnosis
  • Sjogrens syndrome is diagnosed by blood tests, a
    decrease in tear and saliva production, salivary
    glands, and lip biopsy.
  • Early diagnosis and a maintenance of dental and
    eye care is extremely important.
  • Rheumatologists primarily have the responsibility
    of diagnosing and managing Sjogrens Syndrome.

9
Treatment
  • Depends on symptoms.
  • Artificial tears, eye ointments
  • Saliva substitutes
  • Frequent dental visits

10
Prognosis of the disease
  • Ocular dryness can lead to chronic
    keratoconjunctivitis and corneal ulcers.
  • Oral dryness leads to cavities, fissures, canidal
    infections and difficulty speaking and swallowing
    food.
  • This disease process rarely shortens a patients
    lifespan.

11
Preventing Complications
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are important in
    preventing complications.
  • The symptoms sometimes overlap with or mimic
    those of other diseases including
    lupus,rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic
    fatigue syndrome, and multiple sclerosis.

12
Facts about the disease
  • Between 1 and 4 million Americans have Sjogrens
    syndrome.
  • It occurs 10 times more often in women than in
    men.
  • Onset can occur at any age, but usually between
    45 and 55 years of age.

13
(No Transcript)
14
Photographs
15
Link
  • Sjogren Syndrome
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