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Renaissance Tutorial Overview

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Title: Renaissance Tutorial Overview


1
Renaissance Tutorial/ Overview
2
The Beginning
  • After the fall of Rome, Europe entered the Dark
    Ages.
  • Government and community organizations
    deteriorated
  • Writing became rare
  • Education was reserved for those entering the
    priesthood
  • Engineering techniques were lost
  • Most lived on farms, where personal health and
    hygiene suffered.

3
Rebirth of Culture
  • By the 14th century, a dramatic change swept
    across the continent which marked a rebirth or
    Renaissance.
  • The term rebirth connects the ideas of the
    Renaissance to the older ideas of the ancient
    Greeks and Romans.
  • In essence, Renaissance thinkers began thinking
    like the old Greeks and Romans.

4
Causes of the Renaissance
  • Florence, Italy, patrons
  • Wanted to be preserved for eternity
  • Commissioned works by young artists
  • Florence becomes the birthplace of the
    Renaissance
  • Invention of the Printing Press
  • Johann Gutenberg
  • Allowed everyone the chance to read
  • Allowed for educational opportunities not
    previously possible

5
Petrarch
  • Leader of Humanist movement
  • Poet, author
  • Thought all should focus not on God (as they had
    in Dark Ages), but on bettering the self

6
Renaissance Men
  • In bettering the self, people sought
  • New ideas
  • New ways of thinking
  • New experiences
  • This brings about the true Renaissance Man
  • Renaissance Man Good at many different things.
  • Leonardo DaVinci Author, painter, sculptor,
    anatomist, inventor.
  • Michelangelo- Most famous for painting ceiling of
    Sistene Chapel and sculpture.

7
Renaissance Art
  • Mathematical formulae assist in creating
  • Depth Images are flat (two-dimensional), but
    they can give the impression of three dimensions.
    The main techniques used for this are making
    closer objects larger and more strongly colored,
    and further objects smaller and paler. The
    foreground of the image is often called the
    figure and the backdrop is referred to as the
    ground.
  • Perspective the art technique used to give an
    illusion of three-dimensional nature on a
    two-dimensional surface. One example is that
    objects further in the distance appear smaller
    and higher in the picture.

8
Renaissance Art
  • More realistic than Middle or Dark Ages art
  • More three-dimensional
  • Focused less on God, the supernatural, and the
    extraordinary and focused more on the everyday,
    common person on the street

9
Renaissance Music
  • Giovanni Palestrina
  • Polyphony More than one melody going on at once
  • Before Palestrina, all music basically like
    Gregorian Chants (monophony)
  • Music sung in unison
  • Palestrina found different voices, harmonies used
    in ancient Greek music
  • Composed
  • Hymns
  • Etudes
  • Masses

10
Renaissance Theater
  • Commedia dell Arte
  • A type of comedy developed in Italy surrounding
    stereotypical characters performing improvised
    scenes
  • Performed by professional actors
  • Specific stylized masks and costumes for each
    stereotypical character
  • Paved the way for the sitcoms of today, like
    Friends or Seinfeld or My Name Is Earl.

11
Renaissance Theater
  • Shakespeare
  • The Peter Jackson of his day, writing, directing,
    and acting in plays
  • Greatest playwright of the Renaissance Era/
    Elizabethan Age.
  • Wrote
  • Comedies
  • Tragedies
  • Histories
  • Sonnets

12
Shakespearean Comedies
  • Not necessarily funny
  • Often included marriage, cross dressing, and
    bestiality
  • Alls well that ends well
  • Examples include
  • The Taming of the Shrew
  • A Midsummer Nights Dream
  • Alls Well that Ends Well

13
Shakespearean Histories
  • Wrote about kings of England
  • Considered propaganda for Elizabethan England
  • In Richard III, Shakespeare describes a Tudor as
    "that bottled spider, that foul bunchback'd toad
  • War of the Roses Lancasters/ Tudors v. Yorks
    for English crown
  • Shakespeare devoted to Lancasters/ Tudors

14
Shakespearean Tragedies
  • Story of exceptional calamity leading to the
    death of an exceptional man of high estate, but
    with a universal theme, or lesson learned.
  • Uses
  • Mental instability
  • Supernatural
  • Chance

15
Shakespearean Tragedies
  • Conflicts
  • Internal
  • What do I do?
  • How do I feel?
  • External
  • How dare you!
  • Heres my fiddlestick!

16
Tragic Hero
  • Tragic hero The protagonist of a Shakespearean
    play which owns a tragic flaw. Tragic heroes are
    great men reduced to tragic deaths by
    circumstances surrounding their own personality
    problems.
  • Tragic flaw A personality defect that causes the
    destruction of a tragic hero.
  • The so-called "Love Tragedies" are exceptions to
    the rule
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Antony and Cleopatra
  • The rest of the tragedies, including Macbeth,
    have single stars, so the tragic story is
    concerned primarily with one person.

17
Tragic Heroes, Continued
  • Tragic heroes are exceptional beings
  • No peasants are allowed
  • Audience must desire the defeat/destruction of
    the tragic hero
  • Need not be "good," though they generally are
  • Contribute to their own destruction

18
Shakespearean Tragedies Contain
  • The death of the hero
  • exceptional suffering and calamity
  • Conspicuous person
  • Unexpected, supernatural circumstances
  • They are, as a rule, contrasted with previous
    happiness and/or glory

19
Tragedy Rough Plotline
  • We hear about the great man in his time of
    greatest joy from others.
  • Tragic flaw revealed.
  • Matters intensify
  • Time becomes more and more important
  • Hero misreads/misunderstands steam-rolling
    events, causing inevitability of fall that he has
    put into motion himself
  • Hero operates on what he believes to be the case,
    rather than what he actually knows to be the case
    and loses all friends and support
  • Faces opposing forces and responsibility for his
    actions alone
  • Opposing forces will begin to mobilize against
    the hero to bring the tragedy to its conclusion
  • Opposing forces have good reason to kill hero.
  • Tragic Recognition Hero finally realizes his
    mistake too late
  • Death of hero, with moving display of courage or
    at least nobility of heart at the end
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