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Welcome

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Safety Tips. Cooking. Not allowed in rooms on most campuses. If allowed ... Safety Tips for Smokers. 3rd most frequent cause of college fires. If allowed: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome


1
Welcome
2
Campus Fire Safety
  • Living With Fire On Campus

New York State
Office of Fire Prevention and Control
3
Dont Let It Happen to You!

  • 1 out of every 3 people in this room will have an
    experience with fire in their future
  • Over 4,000 people die each year from fires, over
    27,000 are injured
  • A small fire can grow very quickly
  • Education gives you the training needed to make
    good choices

4
Dont Let It Happen to You!
  • In the period 1993 to 1997 more than 1,600 fires
    occurred on college campuses in the United
    States
  • More than 90 of them took place in res halls
    other residential structures, and classrooms
  • The fire damage in dormitories alone approaches
    9 million per year.
  • The real numbers are probably higher!

5
Objectives
  • At the completion of this workshop, students will
    know
  • What fire is
  • What the major causes and contributing factors of
    fire are
  • How fires can be prevented
  • What the special fire dangers in dormitories are
  • Evacuation and Life Safety Survival
    Skills

6
What Is Fire?
7
Fire is
  • A chemical reaction, characterized by the release
    of heat and light

8
Fire is
FAST
9
Fire is FAST!
  • In less than 30 seconds a small flame can get
    completely out of control and turn into a major
    fire.
  • It only takes minutes for thick black smoke to
    fill a house, room, or dorm.
  • There is only time to escape!

10
HOT
11
Fire is HOT!
  • Heat is more threatening than flames.
  • Room temperatures can be 250F at floor level,
    rise to 800F at eye level and may exceed 1400F
    at the ceiling.
  • Inhaling super hot air will scorch your lungs and
    kill you.
  • The heat can melt clothes to your skin.

12
Fire is
  • Deadly

13
Fire is DEADLY!
  • Fire produces smoke and poisonous gases that
    kill.
  • Breathing in small amounts can make you drowsy,
    disoriented and short of breath.
  • The colorless, odorless fumes will lull you into
    a deep sleep before the flames reach your door.

14
Fire is
  • HOT
  • DEADLY
  • FAST
  • but mostly Fire is

15
  • Dark

16
Fire is DARK!
  • Fire is not bright, its pitch black.
  • If you wake up to a fire you may be blinded,
    disoriented and unable to find your way around.

17
Think about it
  • You are in a residence hall corridor filled
    with smoke, relying on the walls for balance and
    direction. You extend an arm and realize your
    hand has disappeared. Disorientation sets in as
    a thick haze swirls in the hallway and a blaring
    smoke alarm makes it difficult to think.

18
  • You get low and it is still nearly impossible
    to see. Exit signs are invisible so you cannot
    find a door, let alone feel if it is warm. You
    are wandering blindly in search of an escape
    route and the smoke continues to thicken.

19
Adages of fire safety are easy to take for
granted until you are in a fire situation.
  • Always remember
  • Stay low because heat and smoke rise.
  • Know two ways out
  • Feel doors for heat
  • Get out and stay out!

20
Countdown to Disaster Video
21
It can happen here!
  • Res Halls present unique hazards
  • A lot of people living close together
  • Your actions impact many
  • the needs of many must outweigh the needs of one

22
Your mistake or carelessness could have this
result
  • This fire occurred at a res hall about 300am

23
Kitchen
24
Day Room
25
2nd floor hallway
26
2nd floor hallway
27
3rd floor day room
28
1st floor entire res hall is now uninhabitable
29
The pictures say it all.
  • Who ever thought in a million years that a
    concrete res hall could end up like this?
  • Res Hall residents need to think twice about
    staying in their rooms because they think it's
    another False Alarm!!!

30
The Major Causes of Fires
  • Arson, Cooking, Smoking
  • Candles and Incense, Electricity

31
Arson Fires
  • One-third of res hall fires are incendiary.
  • Thrill-seeking students can cause harm and
    destruction by maliciously starting fires.

32
December 7, 2002
  • At 715 pm, a fire was reported in a 10-story
    dormitory at the Buffalo State College. Major
    fire damage was in the suite of origin, with
    smoke and water damage on 3 floors.

33
Cooking Fires
  • 21 of all dormitory fires.
  • Often caused by the misuse of cooking appliances
    in dorm rooms.
  • This includes hot plates, microwaves, toaster
    ovens and electric frying pans.

34
August 13, 2002
  • A fire in a three-story, wood frame
    fraternity has claimed the life of one student at
    the Michigan Tech University. The fire started
    because the stove in the kitchen was left on, the
    grease in the hood was ignited, and the fire
    spread upwards. The victim was found 5 feet from
    the window in his room, trying to escape.

35
Smoking Related Fires
  • 14 of dormitory fires.
  • Even when there is a ban on smoking in housing
    units, careless smoking can cause unnecessary
    damage and potential injury or death.

36
February 7, 2003
  • A fire occurred on the ninth floor of a
    ten-story residence hall at the State University
    of New York in Oswego. The fire started in the
    area of a computer table in a students room.
    The fire department was alerted by the activation
    of a smoke detector.

37
SUNY Oswego
38
SUNY Oswego
  • This fire was caused by careless use of smoking
    materials in a
  • non-smoking suite

39
Candle Fires
  • 13 of dormitory fires.
  • Though banned on most campuses, the practice of
    open burning of candles and incense in college
    housing units continues to rise.

40
  • The result of a candle fire in a Binghamton
    University dormitory.

41
Electrical Fires
  • Electrical fires are caused by misuse of
  • space heaters
  • halogen lamps
  • electric blankets
  • televisions
  • hair dryers
  • other appliances

42
Electrical Fires
  • The misuse of extension cords and power strips
    have caused countless electrical overload fires.
  • Be aware of frayed and cracked cords.

43
Halogen Torchiere Floor Lamps
  • According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety
    Commission, the halogen bulbs in these lamps have
    caused at least 189 fires and 11 deaths since
    1992.

44
February 26, 2001
  • A fire started by a lamp killed a 23 year old
    Binghamton University junior in his off-campus
    housing.

45
Special Holiday Fire Hazards
  • Late November to early January Hanukkah,
    Christmas, Kwanzaa, and New Years Day
  • Yearly fire loss is estimated at over 80
    million
  • An estimated 11,600 fires
  • An annual average of approximately 250 injuries
    and 40 fatalities

46
Major Factors Contributing to death, injury, and
property loss
47
6 Contributing Factors
  • Student apathy
  • Lack of student fire survival training
  • Combustible fire load
  • Insufficient electrical supply
  • Compromised fire protection systems
  • Improper use of 911

48
Student apathy
  • Students, used to frequent pranks, tend to ignore
    fire alarms.
  • Students are even accustomed to sleeping through
    the alarms because of the number of false alarms.

49
Lack of student fire survival training
  • Generally, students are not prepared to survive a
    fire
  • Students have not been taught
  • What to do when dissimilar fire conditions occur
  • How to preplan the locations of exits, especially
    an alternate exit

50
Combustible fire load
  • The average dormitory room has a significant
    combustible fire load.
  • The room contains common residential
    furnishings
  • Desks, chairs, rugs, bookcases, dressers, etc.
  • Decorative wall materials such as posters,
    pictures, and fabrics.

51
Insufficient electrical supply
  • The average of two electrical wall outlets in a
    room is insufficient and below the electrical
    capacity needed.
  • Students try to compensate by use of extension
    cords and/or multiple piggyback power strips.

52
Compromised fire protection systems
  • Vandalized and improperly maintained fire
    protection systems can inhibit early fire
    detection and the fire alarms warning system
  • Cans stuffed in standpipe outlets
  • Individual disabled smoke detectors in rooms
  • Damaged fire doors
  • Side wall sprinkler heads used as coat
    racks

53
Improper use of 911
  • It should be stressed that this number is for
    emergencies only.
  • Campus emergency preplans should include
    information on how to access an outside line in
    an emergency.

54
Fires can be prevented by
55
Thinking about fire safety on the Es
  • Every Minute
  • Every Day
  • Every Where
  • Every Time

56
Safety Tips
  • Cooking
  • Not allowed in rooms on most campuses
  • If allowed
  • Cook only where the rules allow.
  • Keep the cooking area clean and uncluttered.
  • Unplug electric appliances when not in use.
  • Never leave cooking unattended.
  • Dont try to remove burning containers from a
    microwave, keep the door closed and unplug the
    machine.

57
Safety Tips for Smokers
  • 3rd most frequent cause of college fires
  • If allowed
  • Smoke only where permitted.
  • Use a large, deep, non-tip ashtray
  • Dont smoke in bed.
  • Its risky to smoke when youve been drinking or
    when youre drowsy.
  • Soak cigarette butts in water before discarding
  • After a party, check cushions for smoldering
    cigarettes.

58
Safety Tips
  • Candles - always dangerous
  • 4th most frequent cause of campus fires
  • If allowed
  • Blow out candles when you leave your room or go
    to sleep.
  • Use sturdy candle holders and dont let candles
    burn down all the way.
  • Keep papers, curtains and anything that burns
    away from lit candles.
  • Never leave wick-trimmings, matches or other
    material in the candle holder.
  • Avoid items with combustible items embedded in or
    around them.

59
The Fire Safety Triangle
60
Tragedy in OhioApril 13, 2003
  • One of the worst campus fire tragedies in recent
    history occurred in Ohio, killing five students
    in an early morning off-campus house fire.
  • Upon arrival, the fire department found heavy
    fire involvement on the first floor.
  • The five students died from smoke inhalation and
    carbon monoxide poisoning.

61
Tragedy in OhioApril 13, 2003
  • The building was equipped with a single-station
    smoke alarm that was operating upon fire
    department arrival.
  • It was not equipped with an automatic fire
    sprinkler system.

62
Know how to survive!
63
Know how to survive!
  • Know two ways to get out
  • Sound the alarm
  • Dont ignore alarms
  • Warn others
  • Crawl low in smoke
  • Use stairwells, not elevators
  • Once outside stay outside

64
Pull Stations
  • Activation of a fire pull-station will trigger
    the evacuation of the building and may send a
    signal to security and the local fire department.

65
Use Stairwells, Not Elevators
  • Take the stairs
  • Walk, dont run
  • Stay in single file
  • Do not run over fallen people, help them
  • Elevators can fill with smoke
  • The elevator shaft can become a chimney

66
Persons with Disabilities Need
  • Special evacuation provisions
  • Evacuation assistance
  • Pre-planning
  • Personal awareness and planning

67
On-campus is not the only place fires occur
  • When you are off-campus always be aware of your
    surroundings.
  • Whether you are at work, out for dinner or at a
    club with friends, have fire safety on your
    mind.

68
Planning Ahead
  • Know your surroundings
  • Know where exits are located
  • Know at least two ways out
  • Know the location of fire alarm pull stations
  • Keep aisles clear of all debris

69
Evacuation and Life Safety Survival Skills
70
Evacuation Survival Skills
  • Evacuation of dormitory housing.
  • Know where the nearest exit (stairwell) is and an
    alternate exit from your room.
  • From your room count the number of doors to the
    stairs left and right of the room.
  • Do not use elevators to exit the building.

71
Evacuation Survival Skills
  • If readily available take purse, vehicle keys,
    and medications with you
  • Feel the top of the door with the back of your
    hand for heat and/or look through the door vision
    hole
  • If not hot, open the door slowly. Stay below the
    height of the doorknob. Do not lock the door but
    close it behind you.
  • If smoke and heat are present crawl low to the
    exit and evacuate the building.
  • If you encounter heavy smoke in the stairwell,
    use an alternate exit or go back to your room.

72
Evacuation Survival Skills
  • If the door is hot, smoke blocks the exit, or you
    are otherwise trapped
  • Stay calm
  • Keep the doors closed
  • Seal cracks and vents if smoke comes in

73
Evacuation Survival Skills
  • If you are trapped
  • Call 911 or the appropriate emergency number and
    make emergency responders aware of your situation
    and location
  • Signal for help
  • Dont jump. The fire department will rescue you

74
Evacuation Survival Skills
  • After evacuating the building
  • Report to your designated evacuation area for
    accountability check by the RA.
  • Report any concerns to RA on duty or Security.
  • Wait for instruction from Emergency personnel or
    Security.
  • Do not re-enter!!

75
Key points to remember
  • Some things you can do to prevent fires and
    tragedies from happening
  • Take responsibility for prevention
  • Check smoke alarms/detectors
  • Plan escape routes
  • Take fire alarms seriously
  • It can happen to you!!!

76
  • Survival is your first
  • priority!

77
  • Get Out and Stay Alive
  • Video

78
Conclusion
  • Fire is Fast, Hot, Deadly and Dark
  • Major causes of fire
  • Arson
  • Cooking
  • Smoking
  • Candles and Incense
  • Electricity

79
Conclusion
  • Factors contributing to property loss, injury,
    and death
  • Student apathy
  • Lack of student fire survival training
  • Combustible fire load
  • Insufficient electrical supply
  • Compromised fire protection systems
  • Improper use of 911

80
Conclusion
  • There are specific fire dangers in dormitories
  • You must know evacuation and life safety survival
    skills
  • Fires are preventable with proper safety behaviors

81
The End!
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