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The Dutch GOlden Age

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Interior of a Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam Emmanuel De Witte. Portrait of an Old Jewish Man Rembrandt, 1654. Beware of Luxury Jan Steen 'Genre' Painting ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Dutch GOlden Age


1
The Dutch "Golden Age"
(1580s - 1670s)
Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
NY
2
TheNetherlandsThe LowCountry
3
17c The Dutch Century
  • It was a political model.
  • A radical attitude towards religion in the
    country.
  • A certain level of religious toleration.
  • Stable, thriving economy.
  • Golden Age of artists and thinkers.
  • Religion and everyday life were recurring themes
    in their art.

4
Dutch Society
5
Dutch Society
  • Amsterdam, Rotterdam granaries with enough
    surplus for one year.
  • Generally higher salaries than in any other parts
    of W. Europe.
  • Even women had higher wages.
  • Protestant work ethic.
  • Thrift and frugality.
  • Had the highest standard of living in Europe!

6
View of DoerdrechtAelbert Cuyp, 1650s
7
Oude Kerk Old Church, Amsterdam
First built in 1300.
8
Interior of the Oude Kerk in Amsterdam - Emmanuel
De Witt
9
Catholic Hidden Churchin the Attic, Amsterdam,
1630s
10
Interior of a Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam
Emmanuel De Witte
11
Portrait of an Old Jewish Man Rembrandt, 1654
12
Beware of Luxury Jan Steen
Genre Painting
13
Still Life with Gilt GobletWilliam Heda, 1635
Genre Painting
14
Upper-class Homes, AmsterdamEarly 1600s
15
Patrician Houses Along the Canal in Leiden
16
The Burgher of Delft HisDaughter Jan Steen
17
The Leiden Baker His WifeJan Steen
18
A Young Woman with a Water Jug - Jan Vermeer, 1662
19
Girl with a Pearl EarringJan Vermeer, 1665
20
THe Dutch Economy
21
The Dutch Economy
  • Exported diamonds, linens, pottery.
  • Not much inflation.
  • Great Dutch land reclamation project was
    accelerated during this time.
  • Masters of the carrying trade (lowest shipping
    rates in Europe).

22
17c Dutch Global Commerce
23
Dutch East India Ship, mid-17c
24
Return of the Dutch East IndiaFleet, 1599
25
Amsterdam Stock Market (Bourse)Emmanuel De
Witte, 1653
Jewish refugees helped found it in 1602.
26
Sampling Officials of the Drapers Guild
Rembrandt - 1662
27
The Lace MakerNicolaes Maes
28
The Lace MakerJan Vermeer, 1669-1670
29
The Account KeeperNicolaes Maes, 1656
30
A Woman Holding a BalanceJan Vermeer, 1662
31
View of DelftJan Vermeer, 1660-1661
32
DutchDelftware
English Delftware
33
Dutch West IndiaCompany, 1621
NetherlandAntilles
34
18c Delftware Tobacco Jars
35
Fort Orange (Albany, NY)in New Netherlands
36
New Amsterdam (NYC)
  • Settled in 1624.

Official Flag of the NYC Seal of the
City of NY.
37
New Amsterdam (NYC)
Early 20c Dutch Revival Building in NYC.
38
Dutch East India Company, 1602
39
Africa Center PanelJan van der Heyden, 1664-66
40
The Dutch in Japan, 18c
41
Dutch Ship in NagasakiLate 18c
42
Dutch Intellectual Life
43
University of Leiden,1575
  • By 1645, it was the largest university in the
    Protestant world.
  • The separation of the strong provinces hindered
    the power of any church to control intellectual
    life in the Dutch Republic!

44
University of Gröningen, 1614
  • Along with Leiden, they were the first
    international universities.
  • Half of the students were foreigners.

45
René Descartes
The French philosopher lived in Leiden from 1628
to 1649.
46
Dutch Optics The Telescope
Most agree that the telescope was invented by
Hans Lippershey in 1608.
47
Astronomical PioneerChristiaan Huygens
  • Explanation of Saturns rings.
  • Wave theory of light.

48
Anton van Leeuwenhoek The Microscope the
Discovery of Micro-Organisms
49
Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp Rembrandt,
1632
50
(detail) Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp
Rembrandt, 1632
51
Jan Vermeer and Optics
  • Did Vermeer use some of the new discoveries in
    optics?
  • Did he use lenses to project the image of the
    subject camera obscura onto the canvas?
  • It is argued that van Leeuwenhoek was the model
    for his painting, The Astronomer.

52
The AstronomerJan Vermeer, 1668
53
The GeographerJan Vermeer, 1668-1669
54
Girl Reading a Letter with the Window Open - Jan
Vermeer, 1657
55
The Music LessonJan Vermeer, 1662-1665
56
Dutch Politics
57
The Spanish Hapsburgs Europe (1556)
Philip II consolidated Hapsburg landsat the end
of the 16c.
58
The Spanish NetherlandsUnion of Utrecht, 1579
The United Provinces still recognized Spanish
rule, but, in 1581, they declared their
independence.
59
The Netherlands (1609)
60
The Dutch Federation
REGENTS - provincial level - held
virtually all the power - strong advocates of
local independence
STADHOLDER - States General
representative from each province - responsible
for defense and order
STATES GENERAL - federal
assembly - foreign affairs (war) - all issues had
to be referred to the local Estates
61
The Night Watch Rembrandt, 1642
62
Dutch Royal Palace, Amsterdam
1648-1665
63
Count William II Granting PrivilegesCesare van
Everdingen, 1654
64
Anglo-Dutch Wars
  • First Anglo-Dutch War 1660-1665
  • Second Anglo-Dutch War 1665-1667
  • Third Anglo-Dutch War 1674-1678

King William III Queen Mary II
ascend the throne of England in 1689 after the
Glorious
Revolution.
65
William III of EnglandDutch William
The final revenge of the Dutch?
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