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Animation in Britain

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Title: Animation in Britain


1
Animation in Britain
Len Lye George Dunning Bob Godfrey Halas and
Batchelor Brothers Quay Aardman studio Nick Park
2
Len Lye (1901-1980)
  • 1901 born in Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Lye was deeply interested in movement and wanted
    to portray kinetic energy within artistic works
    he also drew on aboriginal art, which for Lye
    again represented a 'pre-rational' artistic
    tradition.

3
Len Lye (1901-1980)
  • 1923 moved to Australia, Sydney to continue art
    studies
  • 1924 returned to New Zealand to study Poyinesian
    culture and tribal art
  • 1926-1929 moved to London where he made drawings
    for what would eventually become his first film,
    Tusalava.
  • The film was a painstaking effort, involving
    around 4000 separate drawings, but the result was
    a unique animated film that dramatized active
    processes of a not-quite-concrete nature.

4
Len Lye (1901-1980)
  • 1933 Experimental Animation (aka Peanut Vendor)
    a three-minute puppet film sponsored by exhibitor
    Sidney Bernstein.
  • 1933 joinined the GPO Film Unit and began to
    experiment with painting directly onto celluloid,
    a technique that he pioneered.
  • 1935 A Colour Box
  • In order to satisfy sponsorship requirements he
    had to include advertising slogans, but managed
    to do so without relinquishing his abstract
    objectives.

5
Len Lye (1901-1980)
  • 1936 Kaleidoscope - a puppet film with Humphrey
    Jennings.
  • 1936 Rainbow Dance - experimented with the
    Gasparcolour process.
  • 1937 Trade tattoo
  • 1941-1945 during the war made a number of
    propaganda films for the Ministry of Information
    as well as filming British material for the
    American series March of Time.

6
Len Lye (1901-1980)
  • 1943 moved to New York
  • 1952 Color cry
  • 1958 Free radicals
  • co-directed four educational one-reel films with
    I.A. Richards. This marked a new stage in his
    career, and in the post-war period, he continued
    experiments in abstract filmmaking, as well as
    making a number of kinetic sculptures exhibited
    Howard Wise Gallery in NY.
  • Trilogy kinetic sculture
  • 1968 returned to New Zealand
  • Govet-Brewster Art Gallery
  • in New Plymouth, New Zealand

7
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • 1912 John Halas born in Budapest, Hungary
  • 1914 Joy Batchelor born in London, England
  • 1932 John Halas (János Halász) formed his first
    film studio in Budapest after work with George
    Pal.

8
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • Halas left Hungary for a job in Paris where he
    also continued studies he had begun in Budapest.
    During this period, Joy Batchelor was an
    established illustrator producing work for
    fashion magazines and newspapers in London.
  • 1936 moved to London complete the production of
    Music Man (1938), met Joy Batchelor, who also
    worked on the film.

9
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • 1938 Music Man
  • 1940 Halas Batchelor Cartoon Films Ltd was
    established in Bush House, Aldwych - the
    headquarters for the J Walter Thompson
    advertising agency.

10
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • 1940 Train Trouble for Kelloggs Cornflakes and
    a cinema commercial for Unilevers Lux soap
    flakes
  • 1941-1945 worked on public information films for
    government departments during the war
  • 1940 - late 1950s propaganda and public
    information films.
  • 1940 Carnival in the Clothes Cupboard
  • 1941 Dustbin Parade
  • 1943 Health in Jungle Warfare
  • 1950s represented the true birth of the studio
    as a recognised source of high quality animated
    films. It continued to make public information
    films for governmental offices.
  • 1951-54 Animal Farm first English the
    feature-length production.

11
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • 1951-54 Animal Farm first English the
    feature-length production.

12
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • increased number of commissioned commercials,
    and in particular animated commercialsforty
    producers of cartoon films with the arrival of
    ITV.
  • 1955 was promoted as the largest cartoon studio
    in Europe.
  • 1959 turn out 39 one-reelers for theatrical and
    Television release at least 10 industrial reels,
    and about 250 Television commercials.
  • 1959-1960 Foo Foo
  • 1959-1960 Habatales
  • 1960 Snip and Snap
  • 1963 Automania 2000

13
Halas Batchelor StudiosJohn Halas (1912-1995)
and Joy Batchelor (1914-1991)
  • 1964 feature length animated film Ruddigore
  • based on the Gilbert and Sullivan musical
    developed by Joy Batchelor.
  • late 1960's sold some shares in the studio to
    Tyne Tees Television.
  • 1970 sold the studio
  • mid 1970's bought the studio back from Tyne Tees
    Television.
  • 1974 European Folk Tales (1974), a series of
    thirty-three films co-produced with the Italian
    television station RAI.
  • 1970s thus became more concentrated on the
    European market and co-productions and less on
    the USA
  • 1984-1986 Great Masters series -Botticelli (1984)
    , Leonardo da Vinci (1986) and Toulouse-Lautrec
    (1986)

14
George Dunning (1920-1979)
  • 1920 born in Toronto
  • study at the Ontario School of Art and
    freelance work as an illustrator,
  • 1943 joined National Film Board of Canada, worked
    with Norman McLaren. Directed his first film the
    same year, Auprès de ma blonde, one in a series
    of 'Chants populaires'.

15
George Dunning (1920-1979)
  • 1947 Cadet Rousselle
  • Instead of conventional animation, the film used
    flat metal figures, treated almost as puppets,
    their position altered frame by frame.
  • 1948 worked for UNESCO in Paris under the
    mentorship of Czech-born animator Berthold
    Bartosch.further experimentation with painted
    designs onto glass
  • 1949 returned to Canada and worked on a grant
    from the NFB to continue his experiments with
    painting on glass.
  • 1949 formed the company Graphic Associates with
    another former NFB artist Jim McKay to generate
    the commercials and industrial spots that
    provided his life's bread and butter.
  • 1955 worked on UPA's Gerald McBoing Boing
    television show in New York

16
George Dunning (1920-1979)
  • 1956 moved to England to manage UPAs new London
    office.
  • 1958 began The Wardrobe
  • 1961 Dunning's production company, TVC, was
    producing about one hundred commercials a year,
    eight films for the National Coal Board's work
    safety campaign.
  • 1962 The Apple - winner of a British Film Academy
    award
  • 1962 The Flying Man - won the Grand Prix at
    Annecy's International Animation Festival.
  • 1967 The Ladder - further developed the
    brushstroke technique in a story with the
    'eternal triangle' theme.
  • 1967 Canada Is My Piano, a triple-screen film for
    the Montréal 1967 Expo.

17
George Dunning (1920-1979)
  • 1968 Yellow Submarine, Beatles animation
    extravaganza produced by Dunning's company T.V.C.
    London.

18
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
19
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
20
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
21
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
22
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
23
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
24
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
25
George Dunning (1920-1979)
Yellow Submarine 1968
26
George Dunning (1920-1979)
  • commissioned by King Features in America -
    storyline and a visual approach capacious enough
    to sustain a feature and embrace a dozen Beatles
    songs. rotating the graphic style with each song
  • Director, supervisor of the army of over 200
    artists 11 monthsworked with art director
    Heinz Edelmann, the German poster artist, Charles
    Jenkins, responsible for specific technical
    effects, animation directors Robert Balser and
    Jack Stokes Erich Segal, script wwriter, Alison
    de Vere, the chief background supervisor and
    John Coates.
  • 'Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds' sequence.
  • 1972 Damon the Mower
  • 1973 The Maggot -Annecy prize-winner
  • 1979 died in London during the work
  • on Shakespeare's The Tempest.

27
Bob Godfrey b.1921
  • 1921 born in West Maitland, Australiaeducated
    in Ilford, and later at Leyton Art School.
  • 1931 graphic artist for Lever Brothersadvertising
    soap and sausages for Lintas, gained work for
    the Rank-financed GB Animation unit. Worked in
    London on ancillary products related to the
    Disney-styled Animaland series

28
Bob Godfrey b.1921
  • 1950 he joined the W. M. Larkins Studio, which
    sought to draw upon modern art sources and comic
    strip idioms in the creation of sophisticated
    promotional and technical films.
  • 1952 member of the semi-professional
    Grasshoppers group
  • 1952 The Big Parade.
  • 1955 formed Biographic Films with Jeff Hale,
    Keith Learner, Nancy Hanna and Vera
    Linnecarfirst commercials for ITV.
  • 1959 Polygamous Polonius
  • 1961 Do It Yourself Cartoon Kit

29
Bob Godfrey b.1921
  • music hall routinesavant-garde comedy
    political satireconcerns with British attitudes
    to sex and social conductsurreal satire on the
    social identity of the 'small' man and the
    inhibitions of British masculinity
  • 1964 left Biographic to form Bob Godfrey Films
    mock-erotic exploitation films (co-written with
    Stan Hayward)
  • 1970 Henry 9 'til 5
  • 1971 Kama Sutra Rides Again
  • 1975 Roobarb and Custard

30
Bob Godfrey b.1921
  • 1978 Skylark
  • 1979 Dream Doll
  • 1975 biography of Isambard Kingdom Brunel, GREAT
    - Oscar-winning
  • 1980 Instant Sex
  • 1981 Bio-Woman
  • 1983 Henry's Cat
  • 1986 awarded an MBE
  • 1994 Oscar nomination for Small Talk,
  • 1995 asked by John Halas to make the British
    contribution to the Know Your Europeans series
  • 2000 Millennium - the Musical amusingly condenses
    the whole of British history into a manageable
    half-hour.
  • 2002 Kevin Saves the World

31
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • 1947 identical twins, born in Norristown, near
    Philadelphia
  • 1969 graduated from the Philadelphia College of
    Art (illustration and graphics) and won a
    scholarship to the Royal College of Art, London.
  • Made first short film at the School of Film and
    Television and met fellow student Keith Griffiths

32
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • 1979 Nocturna Artificialia funded by the BFI
    Production Board collaboration with Keith
    Griffiths
  • Working together as Koninck Studios, with
    Griffithssurreal and fastidious puppet animation
    films, supplemented by design work for opera,
    theatre and ballet, TV commercials, channel
    identification footage, and numerous music
    videos, including the Stille Nacht series, and,
    less characteristically, Peter Gabriel's
    Sledgehammer.
  • immersion in European art, literature, and
    culture
  • the diaries of Franz Kafka
  • Wladyslaw Starewicz, Walerian Borowczyk and Jan
    Švankmajer
  • polish writer and artist, Bruno Schulz - Street
    of Crocodiles

33
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • 1984 Cabinet of Jan Švankmajer

34
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • 1984 Cabinet of Jan Švankmajer

35
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • puppetsconstruct their own setsarrange the
    lightingcamerasatmosphere1986 the Street of
    Crocodiles

36
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
37
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
  • 1988 Rehearsals For Extinct Anatomies
  • 1990 The Comb
  • 1991 De Artificiali Perspectiva, or Anamorphosis
  • 1991 The Calligrapher
  • 1995 Institute Benjamenta (UK/Japan/Germany),
    inspired by the
  • writings of the Swiss novelist Robert Walser.
  • 2002 collaborations with the choreographer
    William Tuckett in Julie Taymor's Frida (US)
  • 2005 The Piano Tuner of Earthquakes
    (Germany/UK/France)

38
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
39
Stephen and Timothy Quay b. 1947
40
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • an Academy Award winning animation studio based
    in Bristol, UK
  • claymation/stop-motion animation productions
  • mid 1970s founded as a small backyard project by
    an ambitious pair named Peter Lord and David
    Sproxtonanimated sequences for the children's
    art series Vision On and Morph

41
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • number of shorts for Channel 4 these included
    the Conversation Pieces series. These five shorts
    worked in the same area as the two shorts Lord
    and Sproxton made for Animated Conversations, but
    were more sophisticated. Lord and Sproxton began
    hiring more animators at this point three of the
    newcomers made their directorial debut at Aardman
    with the Lip Synch series. Of the five Lip Synch
    shorts two were directed by Peter Lord, one by
    Barry Purves, one by Richard Goleszowski and one
    by Nick Park.
  • Park's short, Creature Comforts, was the first
    Aardman production to win an Oskar.
  • Park also developed the world-famous clay
    modelled shorts featuring the adventures of
    Wallace Gromit

42
Aardman studio Nick Park
43
Aardman studio Nick Park
44
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 1989 A Grand Day Out
  • 1993 The Wrong Trousers Oscar winning
  • 1995 A Close Shave Oscar winning
  • 2000 Aardman Studios "let the birds" fly with
    Chicken Run, Aardman's first feature film.
  • 2005 Wallace Gromit The Curse of the
    Were-Rabbit - Academy award for full-length
    animated film.

45
Aardman studio Nick Park
46
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 2005 a fire at Aardman's storage warehouse
    destroyed over 30 years of props, models, scenery
    and awards collected by the company. This
    warehouse was used for storage of past projects
    and so did not prevent the production of their
    current projects at the time. An electrical fault
    was determined to be the cause of the blaze.
  • "Even though it is a precious and nostalgic
    collection and valuable to the company, in light
    of other tragedies, today isn't a big deal."

47
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 1958 born in Preston, Lancashire
  • started making films in his parent's attic at
    the age of 13.

48
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 1975 One of his earliest works entitled
    "Archie's Concrete Nightmare" was shown on BBC
    Television
  • 1980 BA degree in Communication Arts at Sheffield
    Art School
  • 1980 study animation at the National Film and
    Television School in Beaconsfield where he began
    work on "A Grand Day Out".
  • 1985 joined Aardman Animations and it was here
    that he completed "A Grand Day Out" in 1989. The
    film won the BAFTA award for Best Short Animated
    Film in 1990 and was nominated for an Academy
    Award in the same year.
  • worked as Director and Animator on numerous
    projects, including pop promos, title sequences
    and inserts for children's television.

49
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 1989 "Creature Comforts" - Oscar for the Best
    Short Animated Film
  • 1993 "The Wrong Trousers" Oscar for Best Short
    Animated Film from the Academy of Motion Picture
    Arts and Sciences in March 1994.
  • 1996 "A Close Shave"

50
Aardman studio Nick Park
  • 1989 "Creature Comforts" - Oscar for the Best
    Short Animated Film
  • 1993 "The Wrong Trousers" Oscar for Best Short
    Animated Film from the Academy of Motion Picture
    Arts and Sciences in March 1994.
  • 1996 "A Close Shave"
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