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Where does folk rock music go from here?

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Where does folk rock music go from here? Several Directions 'Working Class' Folk Rock. Country Music (Dylan, Cash) & Blue Collar Rock (Springsteen) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Where does folk rock music go from here?


1
Where does folk rock music go from here?
  • Several Directions
  • Working Class Folk Rock
  • Country Music (Dylan, Cash) Blue Collar Rock
    (Springsteen)
  • Counter-Culture Folk Rock
  • San Francisco Scene Acid Rock, Psychedelic
    Rock
  • Jefferson Airplane, Buffalo Springfield, Grateful
    Dead, CSNY, etc

2
Politics of the Mid-to-Late 1960s
Vietnam War
1967 Detroit and Newark Riots
1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
  • American government begins to fight a war over
    Communist vs. Capitalist ideologies
  • Many young Americans at home possess the
    Communist and Leftwing ideologies that are being
    put down in Vietnam
  • Vietnam War begins to escalate sharply
  • January 1965 American troop involvement truly
    begins in Vietnam with the Gulf of Tonkin
    incident, 3,500 Marines are committed
  • December 1965 184,000 American troops in Vietnam
  • December 1969 Military draft reinstated
  • American troops sustain heavy losses throughout
    the war for reasons that much of the American
    public does not understand
  • Democratic Party split as to who to nominate in
    1968
  • Candidate Eugene McCarthy called for immediate
    withdrawal from Vietnam
  • Candidate Hubert Humphrey wanted to base
    withdrawal on concessions given at the Paris
    Peace Talks
  • Split especially heated because popular candidate
    Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated only months
    before the convention
  • Governor Richard Daley used Gestapo tactics on
    protesters, ordering the police force to maim
    protestors

South Vietnamese police chief executes North
Vietnamese Captain in the streets of Saigon
Police deal with rioters at 1968 Democratic
National Convention
3
Folk Rock in San Francisco
  • Folk Rock (of NYC) melds into San Francisco scene
  • Emphasis on collective effort with individual
    contribution
  • Many bands shared everything including living
    quarters
  • Bands did their own promotion and demanded
    control of music production
  • The Haight Ashbury Scene
  • Street intersection in San Francisco
  • The Mamas and the Papas (video)
  • Moving to California

4
Folk Rock San Francisco
  • Folk musicians mixed elements of Rock (drums and
    electric guitar), forming Folk Rock
  • Created more socially conscious youth, as opposed
    to more frivolous rock of 1950s
  • Music for thinking, not dancing to
  • Not concerned with romantic love as much as
    higher order of love
  • Themes of justice, freedom, and love between
    brothers and sisters
  • For What Its Worth Buffalo Springfield
    (1967)
  • An anthem of the genre
  • Perceived as a protest song

5
Jefferson Airplane
  • Second Album Surrealistic Pillow (1967) was
    successful
  • Somebody to Love
  • Disillusionment of the youth
  • Grace Slick (first real rock star
  • White Rabbit
  • Explicit Drug Lyrics (same time as Beatles Sgt.
    Pepper

6
Folk Root of Acid Rock
  • Casey Jones Grateful Dead
  • The legend of Casey Jones (Legend)
  • Folk Versions of the Song (recorded by Alan
    Lomax) 1 2
  • Drivin' that train, high on cocaine, Casey
    Jones you better, watch your speed, Trouble
    aheadTrouble behind, and you know that
    notion,just crossed my mind.

7
Neal Cassady
  • Appears in Kerouacs On the Road
  • Inspires the Indian in Keseys One Flew Over the
    Cuckoos Nest
  • Appeared at Grateful Dead concerts to deliver
    free-associational monologues as preludes to
    performance
  • Theres no experience in my life yet that equals
    riding with Cassady Jerry Garcia of the
    Grateful Dead
  • Drove the psychedelic bus that took Kesey and the
    Merry Pranksters on a symbolic trip across the
    country

8
The Grateful Dead
  • Longest surviving band from this era and one of
    most successful bands ever
  • Constant touring
  • Created sense of community whenever and wherever
    they performed
  • Egalitarianism and search for enlightenment
  • Jerry Garcia a spokesperson, but no band leader
  • Belief in LSD as enhancement to creativity
  • Live shows very lengthy with constantly changing
    programs
  • Improvisations, long instrumental solos
  • Blues influence (concert clip)
  • Continues into the present
  • The Music Never Stopped (1975)

9
Movement spreads and develops
  • Light shows, slides, poetry readings, and theater
  • Have top-40 radio station
  • Often associated with drugs (Marijuana, LSD,
    etc.)
  • Characterized by
  • Free form dancing, not necessarily couple
    oriented
  • Crazy clothing, hair styles, and behavior
  • Equality and free mixing between audience and
    performers, no stars

10
Beyond San Francisco
  • Media popularizes movement
  • Monterey International Pop Festival (1967)
  • First rock festival

11
Janis Joplin
  • Female rock star when there were few
  • Strongly influenced by
  • Blues and ideals
  • SF counterculture community
  • Piece of My Heart
  • Ball and Chain (1968)
  • Performed with Big Brother and the Holding Co.
  • Originally recorded by Big Mama Thorton
  • Transitioned group from Psychedelic to Militant
    Blues

12
Carlos Santana
  • Jingo (1969)
  • Born Jalisco Mexico
  • Afro-Cuban Style Latin Jazz

13
Jimi Hendrix (1942 1971)
  • One of first to master full potential of electric
    guitar
  • Played backup guitar for Little Richard, Ike and
    Tina Turner, Wilson Picket. Session player
  • Went to England in 66 returned 67
  • Wild Thing Jimi Hendrix the Experience
    (1967)
  • Combines RB with folk revival music
  • Incredible control over guitar and use of subtle
    guitar timbres
  • Hendrix burned guitar in ritual sacrifice
  • All Along the Watchtower (1968)
  • Dylan Song (Lyrics) If Dylan can sing, so can I
  • Only top 40 hit

14
Beyond San Francisco
  • Media popularizes movement
  • Monterey International Pop Festival (1967)
  • First rock festival
  • Woodstock Festival (near Bethel, NY) August 1969
  • Altamont 1969

15
Crosby, Stills, Nash
  • Folk Rock Supergroup
  • Signed to Atlantic by Ahmet Ertegun
  • Formed 1968
  • David Crosby Byrds
  • Stephen Stills Buffalo Springfield
  • Graham Nash - Hollies

Crosby, Stills Nash (June 1969)
16
Crosby, Stills, Nash
  • Foundations of group
  • David Crosby (Byrds) perform folk classical He
    was a friend of mine,
  • Crosby states When pres. Kennedy was killed, he
    was not killed by one man, he was shot from
    different directions by different guns.
  • Crosby also waxed eloquent about the joys of
    acid
  • Shorty George (Ledbelly)
  • He was a Friend of mine (Dylan)
  • He was a friend of mine (Byrds)
  • David Crosby also sat in for Neil Young with
    Buffalo Springfield

Crosby, Stills Nash (June 1969)
17
Crosby, Stills, Nash
  • Suite Judy Blue Eyes
  • Marrakesh Express
  • Long Time Gone
  • Wooden Ships (Written by Crosby, Stills and
    Paul Kantner of Jefferson Airplane
  • The last two tracks (Long and Wooden are
    used in opening credits of Woodstock video

Crosby, Stills Nash (June 1969)
18
Marrakesh Express?
  • Refers to the City in Morocco (Marrakesh) and the
    train from Casablanca to Marrakesh.
  • Why Morocco?
  • Tangier
  • Tangier is an international city (ruled jointly
    by 8 European countries) and the home of many
    American Expatriates (artists, writers) who
    comprise a counter culture

19
Crosby, Stills, Nash
  • Suite Judy Blue Eyes
  • Marrakesh Express
  • Long Time Gone
  • Wooden Ships (Written by Crosby, Stills and
    Paul Kantner of Jefferson Airplane
  • The last two tracks (Long and Wooden are
    used in opening credits of Woodstock video

Crosby, Stills Nash (June 1969)
20
Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young
  • Young Joins group in 1969
  • Four Dead in Ohio by Neil Young
  • 1970 Shooting at Kent State

Deja Vu (1970)
21
Beyond San Francisco
  • Media popularizes movement
  • Monterey International Pop Festival (1967)
  • First rock festival
  • Woodstock Festival (near Bethel, NY) August 1969
  • Altamont 1969
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