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Global Focus on Knowledge Lecture Series

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Title: Global Focus on Knowledge Lecture Series


1
Global Focus on Knowledge Lecture
Series Information Changes the World 4
Why Information Technology Now?the 3rd day
Hiroshi Harashima
2
Information Changes the World -the Global View-
Ikuo Takeuchi Interface of Information and Art
Information Culture
Hiroshi Komiyama The University and
Information -Information Changes Learning-
New Art
Picture
Drama
Movie
Music
Tomomasa Sato Robot, Information and Life
Body Expression
Otaku Culture
Media Art
Entertainment
Public Art
Public Media
Manga
Contents
WEB2.0
Digital Human
Brain
Journalism
Anime Game
Film
Mass Media
Neural Network
Cyborg
Museum
Life
Information Society
Information Machinery
Intellectual Property
Knowledge of Information
Environment
Robot
Cognition
Information Explosion
e-administration
Android
Artificial Inteligence
Medical System
Information Distribution
Information Economics
Virtual Reality
Education
Mobile
Physicality
Intelligent Robot
Search Engine
Electric Money
Ubiquitous
Environmental Robot
Net Society
Database
Industry
Life-supporting Robot
Security
Multimedia
Simulation
Internet
Globalization
Industrial Robot
Industrial production
Personal Computer
Community
Network
Science Calculation
Information Gap
Cell Production-supporting Robot
Computer
Communication
Ultimate Frontier Robot
Printing
Telecommunication
Paper
Word
Osamu Sudo Information Explosion and Creation of
New Network Society
Information Foundation
Hiroshi Harashima Why Information Technology
Now?
3
Basic Theme
Now, information technology is in a drastic
developmental progress.
Why is this?
Let us see this in terms of 10 years, 100 years
and 1000 years.
4
How would a historian after 1000 years write
about todays development of information
technology in his book?
5
Lets review the last lecture.
Observing progress of IT in terms of 100 years …
6
Competition for Dominance of the World
Domination of the Land Mongol (13-14c),
Ottoman Turks(15-16c)
Domination of the Sea (sailing)
SpainPortugal (16c), Netherlands (17c)
FranceEngland (18c)
-industrial revolution- (railroad technology)
Domination of Network (information technology)
7
In the past, England who won out in the age of
sea had experienced industrial revolution.
Now, the USA who won out in the age of
sky experienced informational revolution.
21st century, the age of information, has started
as the age of the USA.
8
But would this age last long?
How would the 21st century be?
9
many
resource
population
production
pollution
few
Club of Rome(1972)
10
Past Technologies
Progressed for improvement of production, and
only toward quantitative enhancement of humans
abilities
hands ? machinery
legs ? transportation
eyes, ears ? media
brain ? computer
The Superman Technology
As a matter of course, Superman expends a huge
amount of energy.
11
elephant
horse
ox
wild boar
cow
human
sow
sheep
goat
chimpanzee
dog
monkey
Basic Metabolism (watt)
guinea pig
cat
mouse
rat
Bodyweight (kg)
Fig.3-1 Relationship between metabolism and
bodyweight (mammals).Unit of basic metabolism is
watt. The watt is equal to one joule of energy
per second.
Tatsuo Motokawa Time of Elephant, Time of Rat
Chuko Shinsho
Energy consumption at rest is proportional to the
power 3/4.
12
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13
Population Expansivity of the Earth
In the late 21st century, population on the
Earth will rise above 10 billion.
American diet 3 billion
Japanese diet 5 billion
developing countries diet 10 billion
The American model of mass consumption does not
work in the 21st century.
14
Maybe, a book of history after 1000 years
would write about the modern age as follows.
15
many
resource
population
production
pollution
few
The 20th Century and the early 21st Century was
the bubble age. The Industrial Revolution
provided humans with technology to use up earth
resources in industrial production. Humans
prospered instantaneously in this period by
chewing up the Earth. Humans had to deal with the
aftermath of this in the late 21st Century.
16
Had such bubble and collapse ever happened in the
past?
17
Demographic Change in Europe
18
The Crisis in the 14th and 15th Century Europe
Demographic Change in Europe
Plague Patients Nurse warmed patients bed
with charcoal fire
Plague Epidemic
European economy developed steadily in the 12,
13th Century, but the change came in the 14, 15th
Century. Climate instability such as cold
temperature and long rain, poor harvest,
starvation, war, and epidemics devastated
European societies. Population decreased and
villages vanished one after another. The 14th and
15th Century was the worst age in the European
history. During this collapse, social structure
of Europe in manorialism underwent a great change.
19
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20
The Crisis in the 14th and 15th Century Europe
Demographic Change in Europe
Plague Patients Nurse warmed patients bed
with charcoal fire
Plague Epidemic
European economy developed steadily in the 12,
13th Century, but the change came in the 14, 15th
Century. Climate instability such as cold
temperature and long rain, poor harvest,
starvation, war, and epidemics devastated
European societies. Population decreased and
villages vanished one after another. The 14th and
15th Century was the worst age in the European
history. During this collapse, social structure
of Europe in manorialism underwent a great change.
21
Medieval time
Modern times
15-17th Century Started from geographical
discovery Spain, Portugal, Netherlands,
France, England
4-10th Century Started from volkerwanderung
Germanean Normanean
11-13th Century Enhancement of Vaticanism Agricult
ural technology revolution Reclamation of the
continent led by churches and monasteries
18-20th Century Prosperity of modern
science Industrial revolution Wide development
of the Earth led by industries
14-15th Century Destruction of ecosystem Plague
epidemic Famine, Wars
21st Century Destruction of ecosystem, environment
, energy risk Starvation? War?
22
History repeats in the perspective of
civilization.
23
Civilization has life-span.
24
Period Division
Period of Woods and Prairie(Prehistoric Times)
The birth of humans(upright walking),
food-gathering, hunting
Period of Cities(Ancient Times) agriculture,
cattle breeding, formation of cities
Period of Continents(Medieval Times)
volkerwanderung, reclamation of lands, plague
epidemic
Period of the Earth(Modern Times) geographical
discovery, global development, ecological
destruction
25
Now, the modern age ( the period of the Earth) is
coming to an end.
What kind of age would come next?
All the civilization had its life-span since
Tigris and Euphrates. ? New civilization had
been built on newly found continents.
In the modern times, we built civilization on
whole earth. Now, there is no more continent on
the Earth.
26
So, what should we do?
27
After The Period of the Earth Comes The
Period of Space
Space boom (first landing on moon) in the late
20th century was maybe a preparation for this.
Can technology catch up? Is there an utopia in
the outer space?
28
If there is no new continent ( new planet ) in
the space, we have to look for a new continent on
the Earth.
The information boom from the late 20th century
to the early 21st century was maybe a preparation
for this.
29
Anyway, what we need now is technology to
sustain the Earth.
toward a perfect recycling-based society
30
Information technology would be a key technology
to sustain the Earth.
Networking all the contents on the Earth
? Networking all the materials on the
Earth
A perfect control toward energy and resources
saving ? Realize perfect recycling ?
Stop wasting energy
31
The history book after 1000 years might say …
In the 20-21st century, development of
information technology was thought to have
nothing to do with energy and resources.
However, there was a close relationship between
information technology and energy.
In the 21st century, humans challenged to
sustain the Earth by information technology, and
succeeded in constructing the New Continent of
Information that does not consume any material
nor energy.
32
However…
Would this be a real solution?
Maybe, this is only a temporary life extension.
There might be some other thing which is more
important.
33
The important thing now is to change the quality
of civilization.
34
Lets look back again on the history.
35
How is beginning of the modern age written in a
history textbook?
The Modern Society
Formation of modern civil society
Renaissance
Geographical discovery
Reformation
36
During transition from medieval times to modern
times, there were great changes in conception of
humans and values.
Renaissance, Religious Reformation
Thoughts and philosophy which become leading
principles in the next period prosper in
revolutionary times.
37
Period Division
Period of Woods and Prairie(Prehistoric Times)
The birth of humans(upright walking),
food-gathering, hunting
Period of Cities(Ancient Times) agriculture,
cattle breeding, formation of cities
Period of Continents(Medieval Times)
volkerwanderung, reclamation of lands, plague
epidemic
Period of the Earth(Modern Times) geographical
discovery, global development, ecological
destruction
38
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) the man who
had both total knowledge and sensitivity knowledge
39
total knowledge
Knowledge to overview the whole
sensitivity knowledge
Knowledge to judge right, good, and beauty
Now, a person who has both total knowledge and
sensitivity knowledge is needed.
40
A question.
Can anyone be a Da Vinci now?
Leonardo Da Vinci could have both total
knowledge and sensitivity knowledge alone because
it was 500 years ago.
This is far impossible now!
41
Da Vinci Today
  • A single person cannot be a Da Vinci.

But if experts from various fields collaborate,
they can be a Da Vinci as a group.
42
It is the age for Da Vinci as a group.
43
University is a group of knowledge.
If there is a system for all campus to
collaborate with each other, an university can be
a Da Vinci.
44
The new academic institution where humanities and
sciences cross each borders The University of
Tokyo Interfaculty Initiative in Information
Studies (Founded in 2000)
45
People in iii
humanitiessciences fine arts non-classified …
And more … Junichi Hamada/Tohru
Nishigaki/Hidetaka Ishida/Akira Baba/ Yuhei
Yamauchi /Masato Ishizaki…
46
For the new scuola
Scuola dAtene Rafaello Vatican, Stanza della
Segnatura, Rome
47
Summary
48
Progress in information technology gave birth to
new thoughts and philosophy.
49
Information technology such as internet will
create new values.
Environment got set.
50
You are the next leaders.
51
End
52
Thank you for listening these 3 lectures.
53
Dr. Fujiwara, Dr. Yoshimi, Dr. Tanaka, Dr.
Kitsuregawa
and Ms. Otaki
Thank you!
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