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Ramadan

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Title: Ramadan


1
Ramadan
The Holiest Month for Muslims
2
How it All Started
  • Muslims believe God began revealing the Quran to
    Prophet Muhammad in this lunar month in 611 A.D.
    on Mount Hira in Mecca.
  • Muslims were instructed to mark this month by
    fasting.

3
Significance of Fasting in Islam
  • One of the five pillars of the faith, the others
    being
  • Declaration of faith
  • Five daily prayers
  • Annual almsgiving
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca (once)?
  • Ordained in the Quran for all Muslims during the
    month of Ramadan except those ill or traveling.

4
What Does it Mean to Fast?
  • Self-discipline on multiple levels
  • Material
  • abstinence from food, drink from dawn to sunset
  • Abstinence from sexual activity
  • Spiritual
  • refraining from slander, argument, and lying
  • performing more good deeds and charity
  • making more time for prayer
  • turning a new leaf

5
Fasting and Spirituality
  • Traditions of fasting are found in
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Judaism
  • Hinduism
  • Jainism

6
Eid-ul-Fitr
  • Eid immediately follows Ramadan as a three day
    celebration.
  • A special morning prayer is followed by a
    friends-and-family greetings and embraces.
  • The rest of the three days are filled with fun,
    feasts, and celebrations.

7
Life During Ramadan
  • Religion plays a greater role in daily life
    during Ramadan
  • Dawn today was at 546 am, so Muslims in
    Pittsburgh woke up before that in order to eat
    Suhoor, the pre-dawn meal.
  • The five daily prayers are interspersed amongst
    classes and workmake a special effort during
    Ramadan to pray on time and to fit in extra
    prayers when possible.
  • We break fast (Iftar) at sunset every day.

8
CMU Student Life During Ramadan
  • The CMU prayer room is a place where many CMU
    Muslims come and go all day, to pray, read the
    Quran or just to take a quiet break.
  • CMU Muslims go out for Iftar together once or
    twice a week.
  • In general, we go about our daily lives
    unaffected.

9
Concluding Remarks
  • Ramadan is the most holy month of the year for
    Muslims because it is when the Quran was first
    revealed
  • Fasting is much more than not eating and drinking
  • 3 days down!

10
Ramadan MubarakHappy Ramadan!
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