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Israel Political Arena

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The head of the biggest party (usually) is appointed by the president as prime minister. ... The prime minister depends on every member of the coalition. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Israel Political Arena


1
Israel Political Arena
  • From Dominant party, thru dual center to the
    current instability

2
Election and the legislative branch
  • The entire country is one electoral district.
  • The election is for the Knesset - the House of
    Representatives.
  • A party that wins more than 2 of the votes (the
    qualifying threshold) is represented.
  • Proportional representation the number of seats
    which every list receives in the Knesset is
    proportional to the number of voters who voted
    for it.
  • The result is multiplicity of parties which
    represent, in some cases, small groups of
    interest.

3
The System The executive branch
  • The head of the biggest party (usually) is
    appointed by the president as prime minister.
  • The biggest party forms a coalition to have
    majority
  • The policy of the government is a compromise
    between different parties which formed the
    coalition.
  • The prime minister depends on every member of the
    coalition.
  • The system suffers from instability. 5 elections
    in 10 years.

4
Mapai as the Dominant Party 1948-1977
Potential partners for coalition
Communists
Ben Gurion Without Herut and whitout Maki
Non Partners
5
Election results 1949-2006
6
Dual System 1977-2001
The main dispute The future of the territories
7
Prime Ministers 1948-2006
  • David Ben Gurion (Mapai) 1948 1953.
  • Moshe Sharet (Mapai) 1954-1955.
  • David Ben Gurion (Mapai) -1955-1963.
  • Levi Eshkol (Mapai - renamed Labor) 1963-1969.
  • Golda Meir (Labor) 1969-1974.
  • Yitzhak Rabin (Labor) 1974-1977.
  • Menachem Begin (Likud) 1977-1983 The Upheaval
  • Shimon Peres (Labor) 1984-1986
  • Yitzhak Shamir (Likud) 1983-1984 (After Begin
    resignation) 1986-1992.
  • Yitzhak Rabin (Labor) - 1992-1995 (Assassinated
    by a right-wing radical and was replaced by Peres
    for Seven months).
  • Binyamin Netanyahu (Likud) 1996-1999 (Direct
    election for PM).
  • Ehud Barak (Labor) 1999-2001 (Direct election
    for PM).
  • Ariel Sharon (Likud)- 2001-2006 (Direct election
    in 2001 and by the Knesset in 2003)
  • Ehud Olmert (Kadima) - 2006
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