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Canada Through Mapping

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Examples of General Reference Maps. Maps of provinces. Maps of countries. Maps of continents ... Physical (relief) maps show the location of physical features ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Canada Through Mapping


1
Canada Through Mapping
2
What is a Map?
  • A drawn or printed representation of the earth
    or other object
  • Most maps are flat (A globe is also a map but
    its shaped like a ball)

3
What Are Maps Used For?
  • Locating places
  • Measuring distances
  • Planning trips

4
What is Cartography?
  • Cartography is the study and the making of maps
  • A person who makes maps is called a cartographer

5
There are many types of maps such as
  • Political Maps
  • Physical Maps
  • Road Maps
  • Street Maps
  • Transit Maps
  • Thematic Maps
  • Contour Maps
  • Resource Maps
  • Inventory Maps

Wow, Thats a lot of maps!
6
Types of Maps (Cont)
  • Luckily, these maps can be classified into three
    main types
  • General reference maps
  • Mobility maps
  • Thematic Maps

7
General Reference Map
  • General Reference maps show
  • Boundaries or borders
  • Geographical features
  • Bodies of water
  • Cities and towns

8
Examples of General Reference Maps
  • Maps of provinces
  • Maps of countries
  • Maps of continents
  • Maps of the world

9
Where are General Reference Maps found?
  • Choose the best answer below
  • Encyclopedia
  • Dictionary
  • Atlas
  • Newspaper
  • Answer C - Atlas

10
Political and Physical Maps
  • Political map- one that shows boundaries of
    countries and provinces
  • Physical (relief) maps show the location of
    physical features found on the earths surface
    such as mountains, rivers, lakes, and valleys

11
Mobility Maps
  • Mobility maps help people find their way from one
    place to another
  • Some examples are

12
Transit Map
  • Shows the routes of buses, subways and other
    systems of public transportation
  • Transit Map of Vancouver

13
Charts
  • A chart is a type of map that shows the ocean
    depths and dangerous underwater rocks
  • Star charts show the positions of the stars in
    the sky

14
Charts - Who uses them?
  • Pilots and ship captains use charts to navigate
    the air and oceans by planes and ships

15
Road Maps
  • The most common mobility map is a road map
  • They help people find their way from one place to
    another
  • They are used for travel on land, on water, and
    in the air

16
What Does a Road Map Show?
  • Different types of roads and and highways
  • The location of cities and towns
  • The location of parks
  • The location of lakes and rivers

17
Other Types of Mobility Maps
  • Street Maps
  • City Maps
  • Transit Maps
  • Nautical Charts
  • Country Maps
  • Community Maps

Dont worry, you wont need to memorize these!
18
Thematic Map
  • A thematic map shows a feature of a country or
    place
  • They can show natural resources, vegetations
    areas, population, types of soil, climate,
    temperature

19
Inventory Map
  • A type of thematic map that concentrates on a
    certain feature
  • They could show forest land in Canada

20
How Do You Read a Map?
  • You have to understand the following
  • Map Legends
  • Scale
  • Geographical grids
  • Map indexes
  • Latitude and Longitude
  • Boy, this is getting confusing!

21
Map Legends and Symbols
  • Map legends list and explain the symbols and
    colours found on a map
  • Sometimes the map symbols look like the features
    they represent (a tree representing a forest)

22
Scale
  • The scale on a map shows the relationship between
    the distances on a map and the distance on the
    earths surface
  • Scale is shown with a bar or measuring tape.

23
Geographical Grids
  • Lines on a map that help us find and describe
    locations
  • Most common grids are lines of latitude and
    longitude

24
Map Indexes
  • A map index helps us locate places on a map
  • The features shown on a map are listed in
    alphabetical order in the index
  • The index is usually found at the back of most
    atlases
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