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The Beginnings of Human Society

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Archaeologist a scientist who examines objects to learn about the human past ... Archaeologists are scientists who examine objects to learn about past ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Beginnings of Human Society


1
The Beginnings of Human Society
  • Chapter 1, Section 1 - Pgs. 4-9
  • Geography and History
  • TN SPI 6.1.2, 6.1.6, 6.1.7

2
Objectives
  • Learn what tools are used to understand history.
  • Find out about the connections between geography
    and history.

3
Key Terms
  • History written and other recorded events of
    people
  • Prehistory time before writing was invented
  • Archaeologist a scientist who examines objects
    to learn about the human past
  • Oral traditions stories passed down by word of
    mouth
  • Geography the study of Earths surface and the
    processes that shape it

4
Understanding History
  • About 5,000 years ago in 3,000 B.C., peoples in
    Southwest Asia and in Africa developed systems of
    writing.
  • They began to keep written records of their
    experiences.
  • The development of writing marked the beginning
    of history.

5
Understanding History
  • History is the written and other recorded events
    of people.
  • By adding the prefix pre-, which means before,
    the word prehistory is formed.
  • Prehistory is the period of time before writing
    was invented.

6
Prehistoric Times
  • How can we learn about prehistoric times?
  • Scientists must rely on clues other than written
    records.
  • Archaeologists are scientists who examine objects
    to learn about past peoples and cultures.
  • They sift through the dirt of prehistoric camps
    to find bones, tools, etc.

7
Prehistoric Times
  • What can be learned from prehistoric objects?
  • The size of a stone spear might hint to what
    kinds of game the people hunted.
  • A small spear?
  • A large spear?

8
Historic Times
  • Historians study the written records of human
    life to understand a society, its wars, its
    religion, and its rulers.
  • They also look at what other groups living at the
    same time wrote about the society.

9
Oral Traditions
  • Written records often began as oral traditions.
  • Oral traditions are stories passed down by word
    of mouth from generation to generation.
  • Oral traditions often tell stories about heroes
    or important events of the past.
  • Not all oral traditions are historically accurate.

10
Oral Traditions
  • Stories often change as they are retold.
  • Oral traditions often contain facts mixed with
    personal beliefs and exaggerations.

11
Geography and History
  • Historians often search for geographic clues to
    help understand a society.
  • Geography is the study of the Earths surface and
    the processes that shape it.
  • Climate
  • Landscape
  • Location

12
Geography and History
  • Why did ancient Egyptians develop a successful
    civilization?
  • Location Nile River in Africa The river
    flooded each year depositing rich fertile soil on
    its banks.
  • Climate Good for growing crops
  • Because Egyptian farmers could grow large amounts
    of food, others could perform
  • jobs that helped develop their society.
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