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Vernacular Architecture Forum 2005


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Title: Vernacular Architecture Forum 2005

Vernacular Architecture Forum 2005
  • Tucson, AZ
  • April 13-16, 2005

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In the vast Sonoran Desert of Southern Arizona
is a rich architectural heritage spanning over
5000 years and three cultures, Native American,
Spanish Colonial/Mexican, and American. Only in
the last 150 years of this regions history has
there been a political boundary that
distinguishes the cultural and architectural
traditions between what is now Mexico and the
United States. This history has created a
cross-cultural vernacular landscape unique to
this region representing a spectrum of
architectural vocabulary ranging from Spanish
Colonial and American typological and stylistic
purity to hybrid expressions of every imaginable
combination. This conference will present the
variety of vernacular typologies associated with
the broad spectrum of cultural themes Spanish
Colonization of the Pimería Alta (Sonora and
Arizona) Territorial Architecture in Tucson
Ranching in Southern Arizona 20th Century
Residential Landscapes Mining Towns of Southern
Arizona Traditional Typologies - New
Applications Native American Architecture of
Southern Arizona  
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Documentation of Structure Assignment For
FINA-A190 Exploring the City -Select a building
in area -Research for any available
information -Write compilation of research,
citing sources -Hand in paper and digital
form -report -Photographs of building (at
least one) -2 Elevations (Hand-drawn or
computer-generated) -1 Floor plan (from actual
or estimated measurements) -Prepare PowerPoint
for 6 minutes in-class presentation Digital
documents will be used to compile a web site of
local structures, which will grow each time the
class gets taught again, and act as a model and
challenge for subsequent classes.
Tippecanoe Place 620 West Washington Avenue
Diego Perez
Why I Chose Tippecanoe
  • I was fascinated by everything I saw the time I
    ate there although I couldnt imagine that a
    family would need that big of a house to live in
  • Abundant information available on this building
  • Its enormous size
  • Its Romanesque architecture
  • A building most students are familiar with

Letting you in on some history
  • Studabakers started in Philadelphia as German
    immigrants with the different last name of
  • John Clement Studebaker born 1790
  • His wife plus their 10 children moved into a log
    cabin south of the city of South Bend due to the
    economic panic of 1837
  • John Clement Studebaker, who was a wagon maker,
    was the one who built the Tippecanoe place
  • Clement and his brother, Henry, started a wagon
    making business that came to be the great HC
    Studebaker Company. The needed use during the
    Civil War contributed to the companys success
  • With the great wealth the Studebakers attained,
    Clement Studebaker decided to have himself a big
    house built

history continued.
  • There are two theories regarding the name of this
  • 1). The name Tippecanoe was chosen because it
    was the favorite camping site of Miami Indian
    chief, Tippecanoe.
  • 2). John Clement Studebakers friendship with
    President Harrison, whose grandfather won the
    battle of Tippecanoe in 1811.

The Mansion!
  • 395 ft. x 296 ft. in addition to the 274 ft. x
    90 ft. that was occupied by the carriage and
  • 40 rooms
  • 20 fireplaces
  • Elevator
  • Estimated total cost of 300,000 including the
  • 1889 accepted as completion date

Tippecanoes Architecture
  • Henry Cobb (1859-1931), chosen by Mr. Studebaker,
    was the architect.
  • Romanesque
  • Romanesque arches w/ mediaeval entranceways,
    round towers, verandas, and large gables
  • Walls and windows formed by concrete, rough
  • Sturdy chimneys

The Man With the Plans
  • First Level Plan

Second Level Plan
Third Level Plan
Fourth Level Plan
Tippecanoe Through the Years
  • A fire in 1889 destroyed much of the top floor
    and left the house to be restored to its past
    beauty at the lowest cost of 75,000
  • Mr. Studebaker started the plans for the
    rebuilding process
  • After the unfortunate event, Mr. Studebaker
    provided hospitality to 150 members of the
    Pan-American Congress for lunch.
  • After Studebaker bankruptcy and the depression
    days, the president of the Associates Investment
    Company, Mr. E. M. Morris, purchased the
    building for 20,000 and presented it to the city
    for use as a handicapped children school
  • Red Cross used the building as its headquarters
    during WWII
  • After the war, it was used as the E.M. Morris
    School for Crippled Children

Tippecanoe Today
Open Monday-Friday at 500 Open Saturday at 430
Open Sunday at 400
Reservations Strongly Recommended - Please click
on any of the 'Reservations' links, or call
574.234.9077 Appetizers Soups We invite
you to take the time to enjoy Tippecanoe Place as
it was intended to be enjoyed. Select one of our
marvelous appetizers and then sit back and savor
the experience that guests of Tippecanoe Place
have prized for over 100 years.
Smoked Salmon
Jumbo Shrimp Cocktail
Baked Brie
Soup du Jour
French Onion Soup
Chefs Featured Appetizer
Roasted and stuffed with shrimp and fresh spinach
in a light cream sauce. Topped with browned
Monterey Jack and Parmesan cheeses.
Our onion soup is made from thinly sliced onions,
sherry, and beef stock. Before serving, we cover
it with a large crouton, Swiss and Parmesan
cheeses, then broil it to a golden brown.
Stuffed Portobello Mushroom
Atlantic cold smoked salmon served with
traditional accompaniments.
Jumbo Tiger shrimp served with our zesty cocktail
Mild French cheese with a light crust and soft
Baked in a rich garlic butter and accompanied by
toast points.
Our Chef prepares all of our delicious soups from
In the Studebaker family tradition, each day our
Chef will prepare an imaginative creation to whet
your appetite.
Our Exquisite Dinner Menu Sumptuous Lunch
Menu Sunday Brunch Menu Delectable Appetizers
Soups for Dinner Dinner Entrées Wine List
Dinner Entrées - Tippecanoe Traditions Over
the past century, many special recipes have come
and gone.  These exceptional entreés have
withstood the test of time and are presented to
provide you with the opportunity to taste some
truly traditional favorites. Every entrée at
Tippecanoe Place includes fresh, hot bread with
butter, seasonal vegetable of the day, and our
featured salad.
  • Today, its a restaurant serving outrageously
    priced meals!

  • I knew that there would have to be abundant
    information. With this in mind, I found my two
    most helpful sources.
  • Romine, Joan. Tippecanoe Place. Southhold
    Restorations Inc. South Bend, IN. July 1972
  • The Tippecanoe website-http//

Thank you.
Documentation of a Historical Structure
  • Melissa Young
  • December 6, 2005

320 Division St.Elkhart, IN
  • Built 1920
  • Typical Vernacular
  • Gabled-ell structure
  • Historical since
  • 1982

Front Elevation
  • Wood siding
  • Some original
  • windows

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Side Elevation/Kitchen Add on
Getting to know 320
  • 3 Bedroom, 1 ½ bath, 1 ½ stories
  • 1224 total finished square feet
  • 9 feet high interior ceilings on 1st floor
  • Outside Yard 33 feet wide and 132 feet deep
  • Owner is Virginia Rushing now, when built owners
    name was Worth S. VanHarlingen

Located on a brick road
Rules of being a historic structure
  • Must keep original pieces whenever possible
  • Some paint colors need to be approved
  • Central air units must be on rear side of the
  • House is an expression of its era and needs to be
    preserved at all costs!

Please meet some of my neighbors!
Funeral Parlor
Battered Womens Shelter
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Skills Learned -Local history research -Protectio
n of historic structures -Architectural styles
and features -Access to tax and building
records -Image manipulation -PowerPoint
presentations -Public Speaking -Civic
responsibility for architectural and urban
heritage -Power of vote and activism to affect
own living environment