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The Six Essential Elements of Geography

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The Six Essential Elements of Geography What is Geography? The study of the physical, biological & cultural features of the Earth s surface. What is perspective? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Six Essential Elements of Geography


1
The Six Essential Elements of Geography
2
What is Geography?
  • The study of the physical, biological cultural
    features of the Earths surface.

3
What is perspective?
  • The way a person looks at something.
  • Geographers use spatial perspective. Spatial
    perspective looks for patterns in where things
    are located on the Earth how they are arranged
    and then geographers try to explain these
    patterns.

4
The Two Branches of Geography
  • Human Geography looks at the distribution
    characteristics of the worlds people.
  • Physical Geography focuses on Earths natural
    environments, which includes landforms,
    atmosphere, animals, plants, soils, the
    processes that affect them.

5
Subfields of Geography
  • Cartography map makers
  • Meteorology weather forecasters

6
How do we study Geography?
  • We organize information by regions, or areas that
    share one or more features that make it different
    from the surrounding areas.
  • Ex. Cities, states, countries, continents, etc.
  • Regions are defined by their human physical
    characteristics.

7
The 6 Essential Elements
  1. The World In Spatial Terms
  2. Places Regions
  3. Physical Systems
  4. Human Systems
  5. Environment Society
  6. Uses of Geography

8
1 The World in Spatial Terms
  • How to acquire, read, process information from
    maps to report information.
  • Examples?

9
1 World in Spatial Terms
  • How to use mental maps to organize information
    about people, places, and environments.
  • What are mental maps?

10
1 World in Spatial Terms
  • How to analyze the spatial organization of
    people, places, and environments on Earth's
    surface.

11
2 Places Regions
  • Looks at the physical human characteristics of
    places.

12
2 Places Regions
  • How people create regions to understand the
    Earths complexity.

13
2 Places Regions
  • How culture and experience influence people's
    perception of places and regions.

BIBLE BELT
14
3 Physical Systems
  • The physical processes that shape the patterns of
    Earth's surface.

15
3 Physical Systems
  • The characteristics and spatial distribution of
    ecosystems on Earth's surface.

16
4 Human Systems
  • The characteristics, distribution, and migration
    of human populations on Earth's surface.
  • Why do people live where they do?

17
4 Human Systems
  • The characteristics, distributions, and
    complexity of Earth's cultural.
  • Looks at language, religion, music, dance, etc.
  • Where are these cultures located?
  • How do they help make up the Earths culture?

18
4 Human Systems
  • The patterns and networks of economic
    interdependence on Earth's surface.

19
4 Human Systems
  • How forces of cooperation and conflict among
    people influence the division and control of
    Earth's surface.

20
5 Environment Society
  • How human actions modify the physical
    environment.

21
5 Environment Society
  • How physical systems affect human systems.

22
5 Environment Society
  • The changes that occur in the meaning, use,
    distribution, and importance of resources.

23
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24
6 Uses of Geography
  • How to apply geography to interpret the past.
  • You cant understand history without
    understanding geography.
  • To apply geography to interpret the present and
    plan for the future.

25
6 Uses of Geography
  • What are some uses of Geography?
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • What are some professions that incorporate
    Geography?
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
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