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France today V.Martinez - LANG 1035

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The first moving images recorded on film were shown under the title ' Sortie des ... of the sixties (Truffaut, Godard's A bout de souffle, Chabrol, Malle, Rohmer) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: France today V.Martinez - LANG 1035


1
France todayV.Martinez - LANG 1035
  • The French cinema

2
French cinema
  • The first moving images recorded on film were
    shown under the title Sortie des usines
    Lumière from Les frères Lumière. France was
    the birthplace of the Seven Art and since then
    has remained a hub of the film world.
  • In 2002, cinemas in France sold some 184.5
    million tickets. 58.4 of the French population
    go to the cinema a least once a year, and 34.6,
    once a month. The number of cinemagoers remains
    high even though there is a decline due the
    competition from television and DVD.

3
History
  • The brothers Lumière
  • The inspired trail-blazer Méliès
  • The generation of poetic realism in the thirties
    (Renoir, Carné les enfants du paradis, Prévert)
  • The New Wave cinema of the sixties (Truffaut,
    Godards A bout de souffle, Chabrol, Malle,
    Rohmer)

4
Prenational/National/ Postnational cinema
  • In the early 1920s, several important French film
    industrialists turned to a strategy of
    internationalism, realizing an alliance with the
    hope of producing international films. European
    film industrialists were learning from their
    American competitors that cinema required greater
    concentration of capital and significant market
    expansion to remain economically successful.
  • However, it was not this emerging European cinema
    that really came to challenge Hollywood, but
    rather the creation of a national cinema as the
    result of growing pressure from film
    industrialists demanding protectionist
    legislation. The cinema became an cultural
    institution.

5
Prenational/National/ Postnational cinema
  • In 1946 the CNC (Centre National de la
    Cinématographie) was created. The CNC allowed
    French cinema to combat internal crisis,
    withstand strong competition, and contribute to
    the cultural unity needed to strengthen the
    capitalist nation-state.
  • The main measure is (1950) to redistribute the
    funds obtained from a tax on box-office takings,
    sales of video and television broadcast
  • the strength of the French cinema became possible
    through a symbiosis between high and mass
    culture. The aim was to gain some shares in the
    global markets. However, while facilitating
    postnational productions, the French state
    continued simultaneously to support modes of film
    practice which appeared to resist the
    homogenizing effects of globalization. The French
    cinema was representing a pluralistic society and
    was preserving its cultural diversity.

6
Commercial success stories
  • Through the end of the 19th century the French
    cinema is handle only by the people who make it,
    they create the movies, produce them and
    distribute them. The Lumière family travelled
    everywhere in order to promote their movies.
    Because of them the cinema became a popular art
    discovered by all.
  • However, from 1895, two companies started to
    produce and distribute French movies, created by
    Charles Pathé and Léon Gaumont. Those two
    companies, Pathé and Gaumont, produced and
    distributed a lot of the French cinema until 1914
    ( first World War). They also created the first
    permanent film theatre between 1906 and 1911.
  • http//www.hku.hk/french/LANG3036/2premierspas.htm
    l

7
Current generation
  • Through the CNC, Frances renewed its commitment
    to a diversified approach to production and
    contributed to a market rebirth of creativity,
    especially among younger film-makers. This young
    cinema with little or sometimes non-professional
    actors revived a form of realism and social
    consciousness often neglected since the New wave.
  • The new generation of directors often describe
    the hash social environment in which evolve their
    characters. Erick Zonca La vie rêvée des anges
    Matthieu Kassovitz La Haine Nicolas Phillibert
    Documentary Etre et avoir
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