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HOLY SPIRIT: Faith and Justification

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... is not righteousness infused into us (see under Sanctification) ... See also Irish Articles, 36. 5/3/09. Holy Spirit, Pt. 5. 21. FAITH: Analytic or Synthetic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HOLY SPIRIT: Faith and Justification


1
HOLY SPIRITFaith and Justification
2
FAITH Definition
  • S.C. 86, Faith in Jesus Christ is a saving
    grace, whereby we receive and rest upon him alone
    for salvation, as he is offered to us in the
    gospel.

3
FAITH Elements of Faith
  • Accepting as true the facts relating to the
    gospel and to our own need ( I Cor. 151-5 I
    John 51)
  • Receiving for ourselves the salvation offered in
    Christ (John 112 635,54 cf. 63)
  • Yielding ourselves to all this salvation involves
    (committal II Tim. 112, cf. Rom. 109)

4
FAITH Elements of Faith in the Reformed Tradition
  • Faith involves (see R.C. Sproul, Faith Alone,
    75ff)
  • Knowledge (Notitia) It is necessary to know
    what you believe not necessarily total
    comprehension, but a knowledge of what God has
    done for me in Christ
  • Assent (Assensus) One must firmly accept the
    truthfulness of the teachings of Gods Word
  • Trust (Fiducia) This is the aspect of faith that
    turns from self and rests entirely upon Christ
    and what he has done for my salvation.

5
FAITH Biblical Terms
  • aman, Qal, Confirm, support, Niphal, be
    confirmed, established, Hiphil believe, trust
    Cf. Amen
  • Gen. 156 he believed in the Lord
  • Isa. 4310 that you may know and believe me
  • batach, trust, Ps. 910 (Hebrew, vs. 11) put
    their trust in you

6
FAITH Biblical Terms, cont.
  • There is no OT noun for faith, but the term
    faithfulness, emunah, is found
  • See Hab. 24, the righteous shall live by his
    faith
  • See NT uses of this, Rom. 117 Gal. 311 Heb.
    1038 (all use pistis)
  • pistis three basic meanings in the NT
  • Objective belief, body of truth Gal. 123 Jude
    3 Fides quae creditur
  • Quality of steadfastness, faithfulness Rom. 33
    Gal. 39
  • Subjective belief in the gospel Rom. 51-2.
    Fides qua creditur

7
FAITH Biblical Terms, cont.
  • pisteuo believe
  • with dative to believe in, Titus 38
  • With hoti, to believe that Matt 928
  • with preposition in, Mk. 115
  • with preposition epi and dative, to rely on
    Luke 2425
  • with preposition epi and accusative (7x) Acts
    1631
  • with preposition eis and accusative (49x) John
    316, Gal. 216.

8
FAITH
  • Faith accepts certain facts on the authority of
    God
  • The truth of Gods Word, I Thess. 21 (Fides
    Generalis)
  • Facts about Christ, Rom. 109 I Thess. 41
    (Fides Generalis)
  • Christ as Lord and Savior, Acts 1631 (Fides
    Specialis)
  • Real Faith results in changed actions James 2
    Heb. 1019,20 1113 II Cor. 98.

9
FAITH The Work of the Spirit
  • Faith is not a mere intellectual response to
    gospel truths, James 219
  • It is a moral response which must spring from a
    renewed nature
  • It is the direct work of the Holy Spirit
  • Acts 1614 heard us whose heart the Lord
    opened
  • Eph. 117-9 having the eyes of your heart
    enlightened
  • Eph. 28,9 saved through faith . . . the gift of
    God
  • See also Rom. 1014,17 I Peter 22.

10
FAITH Our Believing
  • Faith is something we do in response to Gods
    grace, John 316 I John 54
  • Faith comes from hearing the word, John 2031
    Rom. 1017
  • There is nothing meritorious about our
    believing. As Warfield says, it is not, strictly
    speaking, even faith in Christ that saves, but
    Christ that saves through faith. The saving power
    resides exclusively, not in the act of faith or
    the attitude of faith or the nature of faith,
    but in the object of faith . . . so that we
    could not more radically misconceive it than by
    transferring to faith even the smallest fraction
    of that saving energy which is attributed in the
    Scriptures solely to Christ himself. Biblical
    Doctrine of Faith, Works, II504.

11
FAITH
  • And Merit
  • Faith is not a good work meriting salvation.
    Although a good work, it is the result of God
    working in us and is only an instrument- without
    merit. L.C. 73
  • The blood of Christ, the atonement, is the
    meritorious ground of justification salvation is
    not grounded in personal faith, but in Christs
    redemption. See Rom 44-5,16
  • As Instrument
  • It is the only instrument by which salvation is
    received.
  • It is the central point in conversion, John
    628,29 Heb. 116
  • Its necessity is demonstrated by the fact that
    Christians are called believers Acts 514, I
    Tim. 412.
  •  

12
JUSTIFICATION Definition
  • S.C. 33, Justification is an act of Gods
    free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins,
    and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only
    for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us,
    and received by faith alone. Cf. WCF, 111 L.C.
    70.
  • To justify means to treat as righteous or to
    declare to be righteous. THUS
  • We can justify God Psalm 514 Luke 729 Rom.
    34
  • God can justify Christ I Tim. 316
  • One can justify sinners Prov. 1715
  • One can justify doers of the law Rom. 213
    Deut. 251
  • Usually, however, it refers to God justifying
    repentant sinners through faith in Christ Rom.
    319-28

13
JUSTIFICATION Biblical Terms
  • HEBREW
  • tsadeq, Qal be just, righteous, Piel and Hiphil
    justify, vindicate, declare righteous
  • Job 322 (Piel) he justified himself
  • Deut. 252 (Hiphil, most common) shall justify
    the righteous
  • The verb is related to many Hebrew nouns
  • tsedeq, m. righteousness
  • tsedaqah, 157x, f. righteousness
  • tsadiq, 206x adj. just, righteous

14
JUSTIFICATION Biblical Terms
  • GREEK
  • dikaioo 40x justify, treat or declare as
    righteous Luke 1029, desiring to justify
    himself, Rom. 326 that he might be just and
    the justifier (dikaiounta)
  • This verb is related to other parts of speech
  • dikaiosune 92x righteousness
  • dikaioma 10x regulation, righteous deed
  • dikaiosis 2x justification (Rom. 425, 518)
  • dikaiotes, 3x judge
  • dike 4x penalty, judgment, justice
  • dikaios, dikaios 81x adj. righteous, just
  • dikaios 5x, adv. righteously

15
JUSTIFICATION Two Aspects
  • Negatively, it means the forgiveness of sins
    Rom. 81 33,34 Matt. 614 I John 19 James
    515
  • From the believers point of view, I believe it
    is better to say that justification means the
    forgiveness of all past and present sins, and the
    judicial ground for the forgiveness of future
    sins. Hoekema, SBG, 180
  • Justification occurs once for all confession of
    sin and prayer for forgiveness must be repeated.
    Ibid.
  • Positively, we receive the imputation of Christs
    righteousness, adoption as sons, and the right to
    eternal life. John 112 316 1028 172
    2031 Rom. 519 815-17 I Cor 130 II Cor.
    521 I John 31 Eph. 15-6 Gal. 44-7 Titus
    37

16
JUSTIFICATION
  • To justify does not mean to make righteous but
    to declare righteous
  • There is a parallel between the benefits of
    Justification (pardon, imputation) and the
    atoning work of Christ, as viewed under the
    rubrics of active and passive obedience
  • To Justify is the opposite of to condemn. To
    pronounce guilty is to condemn, C Hodge, ST,
    III124

17
JUSTIFICATION Rom. 321-28
  • The doctrine of Justification is rooted in OT,
    vs. 21 (see Rom. 4 for example of Abraham) To
    which the Law and Prophets testify
  • Justification is appropriated by faith, vs. 22,
    faith in Jesus Christ
  • Justification is necessary, vss. 22-3, all have
    sinned
  • Justification is based on the atonement of Jesus
    Christ, vs. 24, through the redemption, God
    presented him as a sacrifice of atonement
  • Justification is done in accordance with the
    justice of God, vss. 25-6.

18
JUSTIFICATION Its Ground
  • The ground of justification is not righteousness
    found in us Psalm 1303 Rom. 320
  • The ground of justification is not righteousness
    infused into us (see under Sanctification)
  • The ground of justification is not anything done
    or worked in us, even faith
  • The ground of justification is not Gods
    benevolence or pity
  • The ground of justification is the perfect
    righteousness of Christ, applied to us on the
    basis of his blood shed for us. Rom. 59 Eph.
    17

19
JUSTIFICATION Its Instrument
  • Faith is the only instrument (means) to receive
    justification, Gal. 216 Rom. 328 Rom. 117
  • Faith has always been the only instrument of
    justification (WCF 116)
  • Abraham, Gen. 156 Rom. 41-5, 9-25
  • David, Psalm 321-2 Rom. 46-8 (See also Gal.
    36-9 Heb. 11)
  • This sheds light on references such as Rom. 324
    59 328, James 224 This faith is by grace WCF
    111, L.C. 71. Properly, we should speak of
    being justified by grace through faith

20
FAITH Sola Fide
  • Faith is the alone instrument of justification,
    but it is never alone and is always accompanied
    by the other saving graces. WCF 112, Faith,
    thus receiving and resting on Christ and his
    righteousness is the alone instrument of
    justification yet is it not alone in the person
    justified, but is ever accompanied with all other
    saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh
    by love. See also Irish Articles, 36

21
FAITH Analytic or Synthetic
  • Analytic Justification is justification that is
    at bottom an analysis of the renewed man
  • That is, something has happened inwardly to bring
    about renewal (sanctification) or the verdict is
    made based on eschatological considerations
  • The idea of imputed righteousness is minimized
  • The verdict of justification is based on actual,
    inherent righteousness
  • This is thoroughly consistent with the Roman
    Catholic view

22
FAITH Analytic or Synthetic
  • Synthetic Justification is justification based on
    an imputed righteousness an aliena iustitia
    (alien righteousness)
  • This is the necessary formula for the Reformation
    insight of Luther
  • It is not a legal fiction, however, for the
    imputed righteousness is reckoned to the sinner
    as his own thus, the declaration of
    righteousness is true to the facts and accurate
  • Nevertheless, a true synthesis occurs, in that
    God puts the perfect righteousness of Christ
    together with the imperfect sinner and then
    graciously renders a verdict

23
JUSTIFICATION Its Time
  • Justification is applied at the time faith is
    exercised, WCF 114. See Gen. 156 Col. 121-23
    Titus 34-7
  • Justification is rooted in union with Christ. It
    is only because we are one with Christ that his
    righteousness can be credited to us, and can
    therefore become our own. Hoekema, SBG, 174
  • Justification continues in its effects all sins
    are forgiven throughout life, WCF 115a.
    Justification is experienced at the time of
    conversion (Isa. 118) and its continuation
    throughout life (I John 17-9 21-2)

24
JUSTIFICATION Its Time
  • Although the believer is justified throughout
    life and all sins are forgiven WCF 115b, yet
    they may by their sins fall under Gods fatherly
    displeasure, and not have the light of his
    countenance restored unto them, until they humble
    themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and
    renew their faith and repentance. See Ps.
    323-5 517-12 8930-33 Prov. 311-12 I Cor.
    312-15,1130-32 II Cor. 510 Heb. 129-10
  • Justification from eternity Although the decree
    of God includes all things, including the
    determination to effect justification, the
    grounds of justification were accomplished in
    time ( Rom. 325,26) and the application of
    justification is directly tied to the instrument
    of faith

25
JUSTIFICATION Its Time
  • The believers justification, then, can be
    viewed as a continual and ongoing participation
    in the one divine forensic decree of
    justificationthe resurrection justification of
    Christ. Such a decree of justification is both
    analytic (in the case of Christ) and synthetic
    (for the believer). . . . As to the time of
    justification, to speak theologically, the
    Christians justification is intended in the
    eternal purposes of God it is objectively
    declared at the resurrection of Christ it is
    subjectively realized in the ongoing union with
    Christ by faith and the Holy Spirit and it is
    conclusively ratified at the eschaton. William
    B. Evans, Imputation and Impartation, 452-3.

26
HOLY SPIRIT Part 5, end
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