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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

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PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 3. To suggest a temporary situation when talking about unfinished past. I`ve been living year for ten years. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS


1
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • 3. To suggest a temporary situation when talking
    about unfinished past.
  • Ive been living year for ten years.
  • I ve lived here for ten years.
  • Present Perfect Continuous
  • To emphasize that the action is incomplete.
  • She has been writing a letter for two hours.
  • She has written a letter.
  • 2. To emphasize activity rather than completed
    action when talking about present result.
  • Ive been painting the ceiling. (Im tired.)
  • Ive painted the ceiling.
  • (Its finished.)

2
  1. Suggests Columbus is still alive. Past Simple
    Columbus discovered America.
  2. Needs a time reference Man first walked on the
    moon in 1969.
  3. Sounds as if the speaker is dead. Present
    Perfect Ive travelled/been travelling all my
    life. Ive been everywhere.
  4. Seems as if this is a completed action but
    learning a language is not a process we complete.
    Present Perfect ContinuousIve been learning
    English.
  5. Suggests that this has been happening frequently,
    as if Ive been losing my passport and finding it
    again many times recently. Present Perfect
    Simple Ive lost my passport.

3
  • What do you do in New York? permanently
  • What are you doing in New York. temporarily
  • I know you dont like my boyfriend. know/like are
    state verbs that cannot be used in continuous
    form.
  • I had a cup of tea at 8.00. a completed past
    action
  • I was having a cup of tea at 8.00. an action in
    progress at that moment in time
  • Someones eaten my sandwich. a complete action,
    the sandwich is gone.
  • Someones been eating my sandwich. an incomplete
    action, the speaker is looking at a sandwich with
    a couple of big bites taken out of it.

4
ANSWERS
  • Hes been stung all over his body.
  • Hes visited royal palaces.
  • Hes been staying in cheap hostels.
  • Ive been pickpocketed and mugged.
  • Ive met a lot of really great people.
  • Hes been to Vietnam and Japan.

5
  • Ive read that book. Its good.
  • the reading of the book is finished
  • Ive been reading a great book. Ill lend it to
    you when Ive finished. the reading of the book
    is not finished.
  • Ive been reading a lot about Orwell recently.
    Ive just finished his biography. emphasizes
    repeated activities over a period of time.
  • Shes been writing since she was 16. the
    continuous emphasizes repeated activities over a
    period of time.
  • Shes written three novels. Emphasizes the
    completed actions.
  • Hes played tennis since he was a kid.
  • Hes been playing tennis since he was a kid.
  • no difference really.

6
QUESTIONS
  • PRESENT PERFECT
  • 6. How long has he been away from home?
  • 7. Which places has he been to?
  • 8. Wheres he been staying?
  • 9. How many times has he had diarrhoea?
  • 10. Has he been pickpocketed?
  • PAST SIMPLE
  • When and where was he born?
  • How long did it take to travel to China?
  • How long did he stay in China?
  • What did he take back to Venice?
  • What was his book called?

7
PRESENT PERFECThave/has IIIpv/edhave/has
IIIpv/ed
  1. s been snowing
  2. have...travelled
  3. have lived have been trying havent managed
  4. have been arguing
  5. ve eaten
  6. have been running
  7. has been crying has failed
  8. ve been sunbathing

8
TENSES
  • 2. s (been) taking
  • 3. arrived
  • 4. didnt enjoy
  • 5. re...staying
  • re going
  • s chosen
  • s called
  • will be
  • ve done
  • will make
  • wont be
  • m looking
  • sounds
  • ve been training
  • ve prepared
  • get
  • ll become

9
  • In Fukushima, Japan.
  • Which school did she go to?
  • How long has she been climbing? Since she was 10
    years old.
  • What did she study at university? English and
    American literature.
  • How long has she been married? For 38 years.
  • What did she do when she was 30?
  • She started the first womens climbing club in
    Japan.
  • When did she climb Mount Everest? When she was
    36.
  • Who gave/awarded her a medal? The King of Nepal.
  • How many mountains has she climbed? 113
  • Has she had an exciting life? Yes she has.

10
HAVE/HAS BEEN IIIpv/-ed
  1. The mail has already been delivered.
  2. Have the street lights been repaired yet?
  3. Some new anti-smoking laws have just been passed.
  4. No new homes have been built for twenty years.
  5. The plants havent been watered.

11
HAVE/HAS BEEN IIIpv/-ed
  • 2. A yachtsman has been rescued dramatically in
    the Pacific Ocean.
  • 3. Valuable jewels have been stolen from
    Sothebys.
  • A missing boy has been found alive.
  • Euro MPs have been given a huge pay rise.
  • Two hundred and sixty people have been killed in
    the monsoon in India.
  • An ancient tomb has been discovered in Egypt.
  • Two thousand people have been made redundant in a
    shock announcement by Ferrari.

12
(HAVE) something DONE(IIIpv/ed)midagi teha
laskma kellelgi
  • 2. have her ears pierced
  • 3. have my eyes tested
  • 4. have had their car serviced
  • 5. had our television repaired yet
  • Recently...
  • Hes had the invitations printed.
  • Theyve had the cake decorated
  • Yesterday...
  • They had the champagne delivered.
  • He had his hair cut.
  • Today..
  • Shes having her hair done.
  • Theyre having the flowers delivered.
  • Next week...
  • Theyll have had the photos developed.
  • Shell have had her wedding dress dry-cleaned.

13
PHARASAL VERBS
  1. made the big time -
  2. have done without you
  3. made off with it you steal it and take it away
    with you
  4. make up for
  5. could do with
  6. make of her
  7. make ... in time
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