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CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE ROLE OF CABEI

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Central America holds 7% of the biological diversity of the Planet. ... Central America's location and tropical climate makes the region a potential ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE ROLE OF CABEI


1
CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE ROLE OF CABEI
  • Harry E. Brautigam, Phd
  • Executive President of CABEI

2
A TIME OF HOPE AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CENTRAL
AMERICA II. CABEI STRATEGIC PARTNERS
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CENTRAL AMERICA
III. CABEIs ROLE AND STRATEGY IN CENTRAL
AMERICA IV. FINAL REMARKS
AGENDA
3
A Time of Hope and Opportunities for Central
America
4
Three Distinctive Characteristics of Central
America
  • 1. Priviliged Geographic Location
  • Coasts in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  • The big majority of productive areas are located
    in a distance smaller than 100 miles (160 km)
    from the Coast.
  • Potencial to become the the economic and cultural
    bridge between the most important commercial
    blocks in the world.

5
Three Distinctive Characteristics of Central
America
  • Ecological Diversity and Unique Environmental
    Resources
  • Ecological Bridge between north and south of the
    American Continent.
  • Central America holds 7 of the biological
    diversity of the Planet. This diversity is hosted
    in its almost 20 million hectares of primary and
    secundary forest.
  • Its exceptional biological treasure offer a
    clear atractiveness for scientific and
    technological research, and a great opportunity
    for the arisement of new products and industries.

6
Three Distinctive Characteristics of Central
America
  • Agricultural and Forestal Potential the Whole
    Year
  • Central Americas location and tropical climate
    makes the region a potential zone for high
    agricultural and forestal production during all
    the months of the year.
  • The above statement gives an advantage to Central
    America allowing the region to have a greater
    production with relatively less stationality in a
    big variety of tropical products that can be
    destined to different markets.
  • All this favorable conditions turn the region in
    an attractive destination for investment,
    investigation and agribusiness development.

7
Investment Opportunities
  • OPPORTUNITIES FROM NEW IMPULSE GIVEN TO REGIONAL
    INTEGRATION AND THE PPP INITIATIVE.
  • OPPORTUNITIES FROM REGIONS TRADE LIBERALIZATION
    PROCESS AND FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS (CAFTA, ALCA,
    EU)

8
  • OPPORTUNITIES FROM NEW IMPULSE GIVEN TO REGIONAL
    INTEGRATION AND THE PPP INITIATIVE
  • POSSIBILITY TO CONSOLIDATE A REGIONAL ECONOMIC
    SPACE AND DEVELOP KEY INFRASTRUCTURE AND TRADE
    SERVICES, IN ORDER TO DECREASE TRADE COSTS AND
    PROMOTE REGIONAL ECONOMIC ARTICULATION Phisical
    Infrastructure, customs and border modernization
    and opportunities to harmonize regulations and
    implement best practices.
  • POSSIBILITY TO TRANSFORM AND STIMULATE PRODUCTIVE
    SECTORS AND PROMOTE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, IN ORDER
    TO INCREASE COMPETITIVENESS AND GROWTH Promotion
    of Clusters according to each countrys
    resources, such as Tourism, Agribusinesses,
    Fishery, Silviculture, Textiles and Clothing,
    Electronics, Software and Hardware.

....
9
  • .OPPORTUNITIES FROM NEW IMPULSE GIVEN TO
    REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND PPP
  • OPPORTUNITIES TO REDUCE SOCIAL, GEOGRAPHIC AND
    SECTORIAL GAPS WITHIN COUNTRIES IN THE REGION AND
    PROMOTION OF A GREATER REGIONAL SOCIAL COHESION
    Access to Basic Social Services by vulnerable
    population, development of cultural and ethnic
    diversity, Capacity Building and generation of
    opportunities.
  • ESTABLISHMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL BASES FOR THE
    SUCCESS OF CENTRAL AMERICAS TRADE LIBERALIZATION
    PROCESS Profundization and strengthening of an
    integrated market of goods and services and
    possibility to add regions volumes and
    articulate the production chain.

10
  • OPPORTUNITIES FROM REGIONS TRADE LIBERALIZATION
    AND FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS (CAFTA, ALCA, EU)
  • MARKET-INVESTMENT-KNOWLEDGE
  • MARKET ENLARGEMENT IN BENEFIT OF EFFICIENT
    PRODUCER.
  • COSTS REDUCTION DUE TO ECONOMIES OF SCALE.
  • COSTS REDUCTION DUE TO SPECIALIZATION DEPENDING
    ON COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES.
  • IMPROVEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL RESOURCE
    ASSIGNMENT.
  • INCENTIVES TO PRESERVE MACROECONOMIC STABILITY
  • GREATER ACCESS TO BEST PRACTICES AN TECHNOLOGICAL
    AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER .

.
11
  • OPPORTUNITIES FROM REGIONS TRADE LIBERALIZATION
    AND FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS (CAFTA, ALCA, EU)
  • MARKET-INVESTMENT-KNOWLEDGE
  • STRATEGIC ALLIANCES FOR INVESTMENT.
  • ENLARGEMENT OF INTERNAL SUPPLY IN BENEFIT OF THE
    CONSUMER THROUGH PRODUCTS AND SERVICES WITH
    BETTER QUALITY.
  • ENLARGEMENT AND PROFUNDIZATION OF FINANCIAL
    MARKETS AND ACCESS TO NEW FINANCIAL SOURCES.
  • CABEI HAS IDENTIFIED CLOSE TO US2.5 BILLION IN
    INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE CENTRAL
    AMERICAN COUNTRIES.

.
12
Nonetheless Opportunities demand overcoming key
challenges in the Region
  • Governance.
  • Macroeconomic stability and growth.
  • Poverty reduction human and social development.
  • Environmental protection.
  • Regional integration.
  • Financial markets development.
  • Competitiveness and insertion into the global
    economy.

13
CABEIs Role and Strategy in Central America
14
CABEIS MISSION The purpose of the Bank shall
be to promote the economic integration and the
balanced economic and social development of the
Central American Countries.
15
CABEI HIGHLIGHTS
  • Founded in 1960 in order to promote development
    and integration in Central America
  • 5 founding members
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • 5 extraregional member countries
  • México
  • China (Taiwán)
  • Argentina
  • Colombia
  • Spain
  • Initiatives underway to incorporate
  • New non-regional countries
  • New beneficiary member countries

The Central American market Population
35 million GDP US71.4 billion GDP
per capita US2,040
16
A RECORD YEAR FOR CABEI
( Dec 2003)
17
CABEI Ratings-Fitch
Long-term
BBB
F2
Short-term
Outlook
Stable
March 2004
18
CABEIs Financing compared to Foreign Direct
Investment Millions US
19
Portfolio Distribution
Sectorial Economic Exposure
Net Approvals by Economic Sector, 1961 2002 ()
20
CABEIs PARTICIPATION IN CENTRAL AMERICA
MULTILATERAL FINANCING (2000 2003)
21
CABEIS LOAN PORTFOLIO
MAY 2004
Portfolio amount US2.7 billion
22
TOWARDS THE FUTURE
23
VISION To assume and maintain leadership in
financial solutions for the poverty reduction,
regional integration and competitive insertion of
our countries in the world economy, acting
according to the highest quality standards and
giving special attention to the environment.
24
CABEIs Strategic Themes and Objectives 2004 -
2009
Poverty Reduction
Integration
Globalization
25
CABEIS STRATEGIC THEMES AND OBJECTIVES 2004 -
2009

26
POVERTY
  • Micro, small and medium enterprises
  • Sustainable Rural Development
  • New Entrepeneaurs
  • Promotion of the Information Flow between
    employment supply and demand.
  • To generate opportunities that contribute to the
    creation of formal employment.
  • Formalization of the property rights over assets.
  • Instruments and financial services for SMEs
    (Collaterals, leasing, remittances flow)
  • Strenghthening of the existing institutions that
    fund the SMEs
  • Water and sanitation infrastructure
  • Standards to reduce risks associated to natural
    disasters.
  • Training in Labor Skills
  • Popular Housing
  • Public Service Concessions
  • Programs for Municipalities in Borders
  • Technological infrastructure to improve
    perfomance.
  • Vocational Education and technology
  • Innovation and technology transfer
  • Best Practices ( Transfer, standarization, etc.)

27
INTEGRATION
  • Development of the Regional Capital Market
  • Financial System Supervision and Regulation
  • Desarrollo de Sistema de Pago y Cámara de
    Compensación
  • Captación de recursos provenientes de Fondos de
    Pensión.
  • Captación de Reservas para el blindaje
    macroeconómico.
  • Taxing Systems
  • Regulatory Framework of the Financial System
  • Adopción de normas Basilea II
  • Sistema de Liquidación y Compensación
  • Plan Puebla Panamá (infrastructure projects of
    regional impact)
  • Customs Union
  • Reduction of the knowledge gap
  • Infraestructura integrada de comercio exterior
  • Regional Productive Groups
  • Binational and Regional Projecs
  • Hydric Resource Management.
  • Environment Legislation
  • Market of Emission Reduction

28
GLOBALIZACIÓN
  • Seguridad ciudadana y seguridad jurídica
  • Gobernabilidad
  • Transferencia de Tecnología de Información y
    Comunicaciones
  • Clusters Development -Identified in the
    Competitiveness Agenda of the XXI
    Century(Agribusinesses, Industrial Parks,
    Tourism, forestal)
  • Apoyo a la Estructura Institucional Regional de
    Impulso a la Competitividad
  • Development and articulation of medium
    enterprises in the productive chains
  • Standarization and Best Practices in the Region
  • Infraestructure and services in support of
    competitiveness
  • Productive Reconvertion
  • Educación Vocacional para la Productividad
  • Diseminación del conocimiento sobre los alcances
    de la Apertura y sus instrumentos
  • Creación de capacidad para la negociación de
    tratados
  • Promoción de Comercio Exterior e IED
  • Desarrollo de Estudios de Mercado
  • Reasignación de Recursos Productivos entre
    sectores
  • Training for the reinsercion in new markets

29
VENTAJAS COMPETITIVAS
  • Amplia red de organizaciones no gubernamentales e
    instituciones financieras no bancarias asociadas
    al BCIE
  • Compromiso con la región en el combate a la
    pobreza
  • Amplia experiencia adquirida durante 40 años
  • Posibilidad de canalizar fondos a los gobiernos
    locales
  • No condicionalidad cruzada en los préstamos al
    sector público
  • Grado de inversión
  • Conocimiento de la región
  • Ubicación geográfica
  • Relación con la banca comercial local e
    internacional
  • Experiencia acumulada
  • Cobertura y conocimiento de la región
  • Estatus de acreedor preferente
  • Capacidad de formulación de proyectos regionales
  • Calificación institucional de carácter regional e
    internacional
  • Liderazgo y credibilidad
  • Poder de convocatoria regional
  • Disponibilidad de recursos para la integración
  • Sólido posicionamiento en la institucionalidad
    regional.

30
Strategic Direction
RELEVANT SOLID EFFICCIENT PERMANENT
CABEI
FINANCIAL
CREDIT
OPERATIVE
INSTITUTIONAL LIDERSHIP
POVERTY GLOBALIZATION INTEGRATION
31
CABEI TOTAL PLANNED FINANCING FOR THE NEXT TWO
YEARS
TOTAL US 2.0 BILLION
32
ESTIMATED DISTRIBUTION OF FINANCING FOR THE NEXT
TWO YEARS BY STRATEGIC THEMES
TOTAL US2,000 MILLONS (ESTIMATE)
33
FINAL REMARKS
34
  • SUMMARIZING
  • Working closely with International Donors,
    including Japan, CABEI represents the main source
    of multilateral financing for the region.
  • Therefore CABEI is a major and strategic agent in
    the development and integration of Central
    America and Japan has been an ally in the
    development of Central America.
  • Central America faces unique opportunities and is
    going through a special time to build foundation
    for economic growth. Nonetheless the region faces
    key challenges that need to be overcomed.
  • CABEIs strategic intention is to become a more
    Relevant, Solid, Efficient and Permanent
    institution. Our vision for the next five years
    is based on three strategic themes Poverty
    Reduction, Integration and Globalization.
  • .

35
CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE ROLE OF CABEI
  • Dr. Harry E. Brautigam
  • Executive President of CABEI
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