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Old Testament Survey: The Book of Malachi

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Old Testament Survey: The Book of Malachi For I am the LORD, I do not change; therefore you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob (3:6) God s Final Message to His ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Old Testament Survey: The Book of Malachi


1
Old Testament Survey The Book of Malachi
Gods Final Message to His Ancient People
  • For I am the LORD, I do not change therefore
    you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob (36)

2
Background
  • Malachi means my messenger.
  • Date is 445432 B.C.
  • God spoke His final word to His ancient people.
  • Malachi introduced a new teaching
    methodquestion-and-answer.
  • Malachi puts out a question in the mouths of the
    people and then supplies Gods answer.

3
Background
  • It had been 100 years since the people returned
    from captivity.
  • They had completed the temple, and Nehemiah came
    from Persia to serve as governor.
  • Nehemiah and Malachi were contemporary in seeking
    the rebuilding of the walls.
  • Malachi sought to restore the spiritual walls of
    their character.
  • Persian Empire was reaching the height of its
    glory.

4
Background
  • Rulers were more cruel and ironhanded than Cyrus
    and Darius had been.
  • Trying times for the Jews.
  • Jews were not following God as faithfully as they
    should have been.
  • The worship ritual was in a state of decay.
  • People who were indifferent to the law were
    offering blind and lame animals!

5
Background
  • They werent bringing tithes as God had
    commanded.
  • The men were putting away their Jewish wives and
    marrying heathen women.
  • Malachi rebuked the people for these sins and
    pointed them back to God.
  • They had set up idols and gone into idolatry.
  • The people were indifferent to God and the
    righteousness He demanded!

6
Keys to Malachi
  • Key words
  • Love and rebuke
  • Key phrase
  • Ye say (12)
  • Key chapter
  • Chapter 3
  • Key verses
  • 12
  • I have loved you," says the LORD. Yet you say,
    'In what way have You loved us?' Was not Esau
    Jacob's brother? Says the LORD. Yet Jacob I have
    loved.

7
Keys to Malachi
  • You have wearied the LORD with your words yet
    you say, In what way have we wearied Him? In
    that you say, Everyone who does evil Is good in
    the sight of the LORD, and He delights in them,
    or, Where is the God of justice?
  • Key words
  • Love and rebuke
  • Key phrase
  • Ye say (12)
  • Key chapter
  • Chapter 3
  • Key verses
  • 217

8
Keys to Malachi
  • Behold, I send My messenger, and he will prepare
    the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek,
    will suddenly come to His temple, even the
    Messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight.
    Behold, He is coming, says the LORD of hosts.
  • Key words
  • Love and rebuke
  • Key phrase
  • Ye say (12)
  • Key chapter
  • Chapter 3
  • Key verses
  • 31

9
Keys to Malachi
  • Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet
    before the coming of the great and dreadful day
    of the LORD. And he will turn the hearts of the
    fathers to the children, and the hearts of the
    children to their fathers, lest I come and strike
    the earth with a curse.
  • Key words
  • Love and rebuke
  • Key phrase
  • Ye say (12)
  • Key chapter
  • Chapter 3
  • Key verses
  • 45-6

10
Three Divine Messages
  • A message about Gods love.
  • 11-5
  • A message of rebuke for their sins.
  • 16 217
  • A message of hope in the renewed promise of
    Christs second coming.
  • 31 46

11
Seven Debates in Israels Controversy with God
  • Wherein hast thou loved us? (12,3)
  • Wherein have we despised your name? (16)
  • Wherein have we polluted thee? (17 210-16)
  • Wherein have we wearied the Lord with our
    words? (217)

12
Seven Debates in Israels Controversy with God
  • Wherein shall we return to the Lord? (37)
  • Wherein have we robbed thee? (38)
  • What have we spoken against thee? (313)
  • For I am the LORD, I do not change therefore
    you are not consumed, O sons of Jacob. Yet from
    the days of your fathers you have gone away from
    My ordinances and have not kept them. Return to
    Me, and I will return to you," says the LORD of
    hosts (46,7)

13
The Books Message
  • Condemnation of the priests faithfulness
    (12-29).
  • Declares Gods love for Israel.
  • Loved them ahead of Edom (12-5).
  • Should have inspired faithfulness on the part of
    the people.
  • Rather, they grew indifferent toward Him.
  • God held the priests largely responsiblethey
    failed to teach the people.

14
The Books Message
  • Condemnation of the priests faithfulness
    (12-29).
  • Each person responsible for himself.
  • Allowed them to offer unworthy sacrifices.
  • God demands the best (16-8).
  • Curse on those who would seek to deceive God with
    such sacrifices.
  • Curse on the priests (21-5).
  • Showing respect for people in their work (26-9).

15
The Books Message
  • Against divorce and remarriage (210-16)
  • Men were putting away their Jewish wives and
    marrying heathen women.
  • God called them the daughters of a foreign god
    (211).
  • If continued unchecked, would lead them back into
    idolatry.
  • God lays down the principle--wife is the
    companion of His covenant (214).

16
The Books Message
  • Against divorce and remarriage (210-16).
  • God seeking to keep the Hebrew lineage pure.
  • God intended to bring His Son through Abraham
    (215).
  • God hates divorce (216).
  • God designed marriage to be a lifetime covenant.
  • Man and woman must take their marriage vows
    seriously!

17
The Books Message
  • The principle of tithing (37-12)
  • They had been robbing God.
  • Lack of tithes and offerings (38).
  • By law, one-tenth of everything belonged to the
    Lord.
  • He could open heavens windows and pour out more
    blessings than they would have room to receive
    (310).
  • They could, due to Gods blessings, be the envy
    of other nations (311,12).

18
The Books Message
  • The final promise (45,6)
  • Gods book closes with the promise of the coming
    of ElijahJohn the Baptist.
  • He would introduce and prepare the way for the
    Lord!
  • Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet
    before the coming of the great and dreadful day
    of the LORD. And he will turn the hearts of the
    fathers to the children, and the hearts of the
    children to their fathers, lest I come and strike
    the earth with a curse.

19
Lessons for Us Today
  • Worship must be deeply spiritual and from the
    heart.
  • Must harmonize with Gods will and wishes
  • A closed meeting house is better than one filled
    with insincere and indifferent worshippers.
  • We must observe all of Gods lawsthose
    pertaining to marriage and the home, as well as
    those that relate to worship.
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