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Construction Safety


Construction Safety * * * * Workplace Safety for Local Agencies Autumn 2008 * Workplace Safety for Local Agencies Autumn 2008 * Workplace Safety for Local Agencies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Construction Safety

Construction Safety
ODOT 2010-2011 Business Plan Moving Ohio into a
Prosperous New World
Key Initiatives for 2010-2011
Initiative 1 Target ZERO Focus on safety in
the workplace, on construction sites, and with
the traveling public to assure ZERO tolerance for
any safety hazard.  
Focus on Workplace Safety
 Safety Health Policy Organizational S H work
plan Worksite safety audits Safety training
programs OCSEA/AFSCME partnership
A New Pledge to Serve Ohioans
As a member of Team ODOT, SERVICE is my
commitment Safety First Every Partner Respect
for My Customers Value of My Job Integrity Clear
Communication Eye to the Future
Safety First I will focus each day on safety my
own, my teammates, our workplace, our work
practices, and our customers the traveling
public with a Target Zero goal for any and
all safety hazards.
Heavy Equipment Operation and Your Personal Safety
  • Heavy equipment is vital to getting the job done.
  • From time to time many, if not all of these
    machines, operate close to workers on foot.

Todays Situation
  • Being struck by or caught in-between are two of
    the leading causes of injuries and fatalities on
    construction and maintenance work sites.

OSHA Study of Top 5 Highway/ Heavy Contractor
  • 1. Construction equipment backed over a worker on
  • In some cases, the victim was the signal person.
  • Some accidents occurred even though the backup
    alarm was working properly.
  • 2. Employee hit by motorist.
  • Traffic lanes not closed to the public.
  • Vehicle jumped over the concrete barrier.

OSHA Study of Top 5 Highway/Heavy Contractor
  • 3. Construction equipment ran forward over an
  • May have involved employees jumping or falling
    off vehicles.
  • 4. Machine rolled over and crushed employee
    lack of ROPS or no seat belt in use.
  • 5. Equipment hit overhead power line.

What Is Covered by OSHA?
  • Motor vehicles, mechanized equipment covered in
    29CFR 1926 Subpart O.
  • Operate within an off-highway job site that is
    not open to the public.
  • This includes any type of equipment that is used
    for public works projects either on or off the

1 OSHA Citation
  • No backup alarm on equipment with an obstructed
    view to the rear.
  • Most fatalities are the result of equipment
    running over employees.
  • Constant signals may be tuned out and ignored
    because they become part of the work environment.

Common OSHA Citations
  • Working under hydraulic-supported equipment.
  • Employees crushed when hydraulics failed on
    front-end loaders and dump trucks.
  • Lockout program use 4 x 4 blocks or a bed prop
    in case of hydraulic failure.

Common OSHA Citations
  • Horn not working.
  • Provide a signal before equipment starts to back
  • Useful when equipment loses braking power.
  • Alert other operators to prevent equipment from
    backing into each other.

Common OSHA Citations
  • Equipment closer than 10 feet from power lines.
  • Includes skid steer loaders, power concrete
    pumpers, dump trucks, cranes, gradalls, backhoes.
  • All types of equipment with articulated booms.

General Hazards
  • Striking people and collision with other
  • Pinch points between equipment and objects.

Worker pinned under equipment
More General Hazards
  • Injuries to operators jumping out of the cab.
  • Runaway machines as a result of not blocking
    wheels when parking or operators inability to
  • Being struck by limbs of trees or other overhead
    obstructions, and by moving equipment.

Risk of Hitting Power Line
Nearby Power Lines and Trees
Working Around Vehicles and Heavy Equipment
  • On-foot workers should be trained to work safely
    around the equipment
  • Wear high visibility clothing
  • Do not assume operators can see you
  • Signal person may be used to assist the operator
  • Good communication is essential
  • Use standardized hand signals
  • Use walkie-talkies (two-way-radios)

This worker is clearly visible!
View From The Operators Seat
Safety Within the Work ZoneInternal Traffic
Control Plan
  • The purpose of an Internal Traffic Control Plan
    is to control the flow of construction vehicles,
    equipment, and workers inside a busy work zone.
  • Establishing a predictable pattern of movement
    minimizes the need for backing up limits exposure
    of workers on foot to construction traffic and
    will reduce the risk of injury or death.

Safety Within the Work ZoneInternal Traffic
Control Plan
  • Control the flow of equipment traffic to minimize
    backing within the work zone.
  • Establishes procedures for entering and exiting
    the work zone.
  • Distance to change lanes and decelerate into the
    work zone.
  • Distance to accelerate into high speed traffic
    when leaving the work zone.
  • Restrict access points into work areas.
  • Design buffer spaces to protect pedestrians from
    errant vehicles or work zone equipment.
  • Provide signs within the work zone to direct and
    guide pedestrians and equipment operators.

Safety Issues
  • Understand and follow the job site safety plan.
  • Federal OSHA inspection of stimulus- funded

Start Every Work Day the Safe Way
  • Analyze the work to be done.
  • Identify the critical safety procedures.
  • Decide what personal protective equipment is

Start Every Work Day the Safe Way
  • Step back 2 yards for 2 minutes and ask yourself
  • Am I focused and have I identified all the

Construction Safety