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Ancient Greek Philosophy

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... drinking hemlock, after being jailed for 'corrupting youth', 'worshipping false gods' ... or doing your best reaching your highest potential for good. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greek Philosophy


1
Ancient Greek Philosophy
  • Socrates 470 BC 399 BC
  • Plato 427 BC 347 BC
  • Aristotle 384 BC 323 BC

2
Socrates 470BC 399BC
  • Never wrote, taught orally through dialogue or
    conversation, via questions
  • Taught publicly, questioned authority
  • Is known through his student, Plato, who made
    Socrates the main character of all of his 39
    Dialogues or books.
  • Died by drinking hemlock, after being jailed for
    corrupting youth, worshipping false gods

3
Plato 427 BC 347 BC
  • Wrote his dialogues in defiance of the arrest and
    death of his teacher, Socrates.
  • Socrates is Platos mouthpiece.
  • Concerned with justice, virtue, character, the
    human soul.
  • Founded The Academy in Athens, Greece
  • Encouraged students to become their own authority
    think for self!

4
Platos Philosophy
  • The only good life or life worth living is a life
    reasoned by your own mind, not others ideas and
    opinions-change your life and mind!
  • Examine your life, history, and ideas, once you
    self examine, then you are ready for knowledge.
  • All knowledge begins in not knowing. To state I
    dont know is the first step open to learning.

5
Platos Philosophy
  • Everything has a truth or an essence, your job
    is to seek this truth. Life as an adventure and
    journey, not destination.
  • The good teacher will spark you, lead you to the
    truth with integrity, reason, imagination
  • Virtue is excellence, or doing your best
    reaching your highest potential for good.

6
Platos Philosophy
  • All humans have potential for virtue, goodness,
    and to shape good character.
  • The potential rests in the human soul (or
    psyche/mind), everyone born with a soul.
  • Character is what is developed from this soul,
    and is molded and tested and shaped, a dynamic
    process.

7
Platos Philosophy
  • Plato was the first to unify a system of thought
    in Western society.
  • We all begin with common sense beliefs, opinions,
    we are lead further to ideas, and principles.
  • Human life always involves our fellow man and our
    personal and societal destiny.
  • Philosophy is not specialized nor technical but
    an way of life, requiring intellectual ability
    and moral goodness to pursue the good and truth.

8
Platos Philosophy
  • Appearances are deceiving seeming isnt being.
  • Society is our ultimate teacher, and it may
    produce errors and evils, as well as wrong
    values. Previous generation may have been wrong
    and transmitted bad ideas and practices.

9
Platos Philosophy
  • Education is the conversion that leads us out
    of the dark of the cave into the light. This is
    a type of awakening, once we are enlightened, we
    recollect, develop knowledge, seek genuine
    well-being, happiness, and virtue.
  • The good man makes you better not worse
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