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Ancient Greek Philosophy


... drinking hemlock, after being jailed for 'corrupting youth', 'worshipping false gods' ... or doing your best reaching your highest potential for good. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ancient Greek Philosophy

Ancient Greek Philosophy
  • Socrates 470 BC 399 BC
  • Plato 427 BC 347 BC
  • Aristotle 384 BC 323 BC

Socrates 470BC 399BC
  • Never wrote, taught orally through dialogue or
    conversation, via questions
  • Taught publicly, questioned authority
  • Is known through his student, Plato, who made
    Socrates the main character of all of his 39
    Dialogues or books.
  • Died by drinking hemlock, after being jailed for
    corrupting youth, worshipping false gods

Plato 427 BC 347 BC
  • Wrote his dialogues in defiance of the arrest and
    death of his teacher, Socrates.
  • Socrates is Platos mouthpiece.
  • Concerned with justice, virtue, character, the
    human soul.
  • Founded The Academy in Athens, Greece
  • Encouraged students to become their own authority
    think for self!

Platos Philosophy
  • The only good life or life worth living is a life
    reasoned by your own mind, not others ideas and
    opinions-change your life and mind!
  • Examine your life, history, and ideas, once you
    self examine, then you are ready for knowledge.
  • All knowledge begins in not knowing. To state I
    dont know is the first step open to learning.

Platos Philosophy
  • Everything has a truth or an essence, your job
    is to seek this truth. Life as an adventure and
    journey, not destination.
  • The good teacher will spark you, lead you to the
    truth with integrity, reason, imagination
  • Virtue is excellence, or doing your best
    reaching your highest potential for good.

Platos Philosophy
  • All humans have potential for virtue, goodness,
    and to shape good character.
  • The potential rests in the human soul (or
    psyche/mind), everyone born with a soul.
  • Character is what is developed from this soul,
    and is molded and tested and shaped, a dynamic

Platos Philosophy
  • Plato was the first to unify a system of thought
    in Western society.
  • We all begin with common sense beliefs, opinions,
    we are lead further to ideas, and principles.
  • Human life always involves our fellow man and our
    personal and societal destiny.
  • Philosophy is not specialized nor technical but
    an way of life, requiring intellectual ability
    and moral goodness to pursue the good and truth.

Platos Philosophy
  • Appearances are deceiving seeming isnt being.
  • Society is our ultimate teacher, and it may
    produce errors and evils, as well as wrong
    values. Previous generation may have been wrong
    and transmitted bad ideas and practices.

Platos Philosophy
  • Education is the conversion that leads us out
    of the dark of the cave into the light. This is
    a type of awakening, once we are enlightened, we
    recollect, develop knowledge, seek genuine
    well-being, happiness, and virtue.
  • The good man makes you better not worse