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EDUCATION SYSTEM OF INDIA

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Title: EDUCATION SYSTEM OF INDIA


1
An overview of the INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
Dr. Saurav Goel - PhD (Engineering) Lecturer at
Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom
2
Contents
  • Education system of ancient India
  • Vedic Universities
  • Pre-independence education system (British Rule)
  • Post-independence education system (1947 onwards)
  • Basic school education
  • Higher education
  • New developments

3
THE EDUCATION SYSTEM OF ANCIENT INDIA
4
THE GURUKUL SYSTEM
A SCHOOLING UNIQUE TO INDIA
5
THE GURUKUL SYSTEM
Gurukul (ashram) was a type of school in India,
residential in nature, with pupils living in
proximity to the teacher (guru). In a gurukul,
students would reside together as equals,
irrespective of their social standing, learnt
from the guru and distribute work in themselves
to help the guru in his day-to-day life. At the
end of studies, pupil would be ready to offer
gurudakshina (one time fees) to the guru. The
gurudakshina is a traditional gesture of
acknowledgment, respect and thanks.
6
THE ANCIENT VEDIC UNIVERSITIES
7
NALANDA UNIVERSITY
Nalanda is the name of an ancient university in
Bihar, India which was a Buddhist center of
learning from 427 CE (AD) to 1197 CE (AD). It has
been called as "one of the first great
universities in recorded history.
8
REMAINS OF TAXILA UNIVERSITY
9
IMPACT OF BRITISHERS ON THE INDIAN EDUCATION
SYSTEM
1757-1947
10
  • Since English was increasingly being employed as
    the language of instruction, during 18521853
    petitions were sent to the British Parliament in
    support of both establishing and adequately
    funding university education in India which
    resulted in the Education Dispatch of July 1854
    which helped in shaping the Indian education
    system .

11
THE BRITISHERS
  • Established a Department of Public Instruction in
    each province of British India.
  • Established teacher-training schools for all
    levels of instruction.
  • Increased the number of Government colleges
    ,vernacular schools and high-schools .
  • The Department of Public Instruction was in place
    by 1855. By 1857 a number of universities were
    established modeled on the University of London.

Educational reforms in the early 20th century
led towards the nationalisation of many
universities.
12
Post-Independence INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
13
  • India's first education minister recommended
    strong central government control over education
    throughout the country, with a uniform
    educational system and introduced right to
    education.

14
RIGHT TO EDUCATION
Every child between the ages of 6 to 14 years has
the right to free and compulsory education. The
government schools shall provide free education
to all the children. Private schools shall admit
at least 25 of the children in their schools
without any fee.
15
PRIMARY EDUCATION
16
The Indian government lays great emphasis on
primary education up to the age of fourteen years
(referred to as Elementary Education in India.)
The Indian government has also banned child
labour in order to ensure that any children do
get an opportunity to nurture.
17
NCERT is an autonomous body fully funded by the
Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD)
The NCERT was established in 1961. It functions
as a resource centre in the field of school
education and teacher education. Publication of
school textbooks and other educational material
like teachers guides/manuals etc. are its major
functions.
18
  • There is a common educational structure
    (1024) followed all over the country. Its
    similar to the USA but unlike to the one being
    followed in the UK

19
Pre primary (FOR 1 YEAR)Primary
(GRADE 1-5) Middle (GRADE 6-8)
Secondary (GRADE 9-10) Senior Secondary
(GRADE11-12)
20
HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA
With Prof. Ian Hutchings (University of Cambridge)
21
India's higher education system is the third
largest in the world, after China and the United
States.
  • Some institutions of India, such as
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) and (IISc)
  • All India institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIMs)
  • have been globally acclaimed for their standard
    of education.

22
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION
23
  • Vocational education is imparted through
    Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and
    polytechnics.

24
changing face of education.......
25
IT ENABLED CLASSROOMS
26
(No Transcript)
27
NEW SCHEMES
28
Delhi Chief Minister Ms.Sheila Dikshit launched
the Ladli. Under the scheme, the state
government intends to deposit Rs.100,000 in the
account of every girl child (belonging to a
particular income group) by the time she attains
the age of 18.
As per the scheme, the government will deposit
Rs.10,000 in the name of a girl child at the time
of her birth and Rs.5,000 each at the time of
admission to Class I, VI, IX, X and XII to
encourage her education.
EDUCATE THE GIRL CHILD
29
GLOBAL EXCHANGE PROGRAMMES
The online projects encourage students to
collaborate ,cooperate and communicate with the
students all over the world. This use of cyber
space has led to the globalisation of education.
30
In the Words of Indian Government, We give them
roots, we give them wings And great joys from,
little things, A hope that they will soar , A
hope that they will try, We are sure that one
day , Our children will learn to fly.
31
Thank You ANY QUESTIONS?
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