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Integrated Water Resources Management:

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Water impacts all aspects of life on the planet Poor water management and water ... policies review and revision IWRM Resource development, management, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Integrated Water Resources Management:


1
Integrated Water Resources Management An
Introduction
2
Course Objectives
  • To provide training in key principles and themes
    of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).
  • To show IWRMs key linkages to development and to
    addressing poverty reduction, water and health,
    and water and food (MDGs).
  • To train trainers to apply IWRM principles for
    awareness raising and capacity building in
    advising decision makers and in preparing
    curriculum in IWRM training.
  • To plan implementation strategy and actions for
    training of trainers in IWRM at the network and
    regional level.

3
About Water .
  • A Single Resource has no substitute
  • A Limited Resource
  • A Scarce Resource (or is it?)
  • Has Social, Economic, and Environmental Value
    (social and environment are recent)

4
A Unique Resource
  • Every organism, individual, and ecosystem on the
    planet depends on water for survival.
  • Water impacts all aspects of life on the planet
  • Poor water management and water shortages can
    lead to disease, malnutrition, reduced economic
    growth, social instability, conflict, and
    environmental disaster.

5
The Global Water Budget
Global Water 97 Seawater 3 Freshwater
6
A Challenge to Water Management
7
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8
Top 10 Largest Cities by 2015
9
The Water Scene
  • Resources are scarce
  • Demands are outstripping supplies
  • Environmental/Ecological issues are serious
  • Policy and institutional issues are complicated
  • Current approach is sectoral and fragmented
  • Financing is poor and options are expensive

10
Where Are We Headed?
  • Decreasing per-capita availability
  • Degrading water quality
  • Increasing competition/conflict within sectors
    and within society
  • Urban versus agriculture
  • Haves versus have nots
  • Upstream versus downstream
  • National versus international
  • Increasing competition/conflict with the
    environment

11
Water as a Global Issue
  • Water crisis has steadily moved up the global
    agenda
  • The process is driven by
  • water-related health impacts,
  • rapid industrialization,
  • water security, and
  • awakening environmental consciousness

12
The Paradigm Shift
  • The Dublin principles (1992)
  • Water is a single, finite resource
  • Water management and development should include
    stakeholders
  • Water is an economic good
  • Women play a central role in management and
    conservation of water
  • The Dublin Principles have served as guide for
    the global water dialogue

13
Key Water Challenges and Needs
  • Integrated management of water
  • Water resources economics
  • Political economy of water
  • Water supply and sanitation services
  • Irrigation/drainage
  • NRM and environment
  • Water pricing and cost recovery
  • Water entitlement and rights
  • Water users empowerment
  • Sharing of water and its benefits
  • Cooperation and conflict resolution
  • Energy

14
MDGs a starting point
  • Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  • Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education
  • Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower
    women
  • Goal 4. Reduce child mortality
  • Goal 5. Improve maternal health
  • Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other
    diseases
  • Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
  • Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for
    Development

15
Approaches to Water Management
  • Ad hoc
  • Economic Analysis -- Single Project or Basin
  • Multi-Objective Planning
  • Comprehensive Multi-Purpose River Basin Planning
    and Management
  • Strategic Planning and Implementation through IWRM

16
The Water Balancing Act
17
Integrated Water Resources Management
  • A systematic process for linking water and
    water-related policy, objectives, and uses to
    improve decision making in
  • operation and management of natural resources
    and environmental systems
  • design and implementation of programs and
    policies.
  • A coordinating framework for integrating sectoral
    needs, water and water-related policy, resource
    allocation, and management within the context of
    social, economic, and environmental development
    objectives.

18
Why IWRM?
  • Globally accepted and makes good sense.
  • Key element in national water policy.
  • Incorporates social and environmental
    considerations directly into policy and decision
    making.
  • Directly involves the stakeholders.
  • Is a tool for optimizing investments under tight
    financing climate.

19
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20
IWRM can be characterized as
  • A process, not a product
  • Scale independent - applies at all levels of
    development
  • A tool for self assessment and program evaluation
  • A tool for policy, planning, and management
  • A mechanism for evaluating competing demands,
    resource allocation, and tradeoffs

21
Dimensions of IWRM
GWP
22
The Water Resources Development Process Sectoral
(or Use) Approach
23
Water Resources Development The IWRM Process
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