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Welcome to the Ancient Rome Museum


The most famous forum is the 'Roman Forum. ... Senators wore brown footwear with black straps witch wrapped around the leg to their mid calf. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome to the Ancient Rome Museum

Welcome to the Ancient Rome Museum
  • Welcome, Audience! Enjoy the Museum.
  • Brought to you and part by
  • Laura
  • Melissa
  • Christie
  • Eric
  • Jake

Back to Front Page
The Colosseum was built by Emperors with the
names Titus and Vespasian. Much later after
Neros death it was named the Colosseum because
of a large statue of Nero. It was first opened in
79 A.D. It could hold up to 45,000 to 50,000
people. There were three floors and windowed
walls on the fourth floor. The Colosseum would
sometimes be flooded for sea fighting. It was
originally covered with marble facing and marble
seating. This is the only structure that
characterizes and preserves the grandeur of
ancient Rome. Many contests like fights featuring
man against beasts and animals fighting each
other were held at the Colosseum. In 442 it was
damaged by and earthquake. In 1990 Italians
embarked a ten-year project to restore the
greatest Roman monuments. In 200 the Colosseum
was reviewed as a theater. Construction included
a wooden stage, at east end there was seats and a
standing room. It is 160 feet high,80 arches and
76 entrances on ground level. The Colosseum still
stands today to show its greatness.
Back to Museum
A Pantheon is a temple or shrine dedicated to all
gods. The word has taken a second meaning as a
burial place of memorial to a nations famous
dead. The Pantheon is one of the best preserved
building from Rome antiquity. It was rebuilt in
117-125 AD by emperor Hadrian. Hadrian replaced
the earlier temple designed by Agrippa in about
27-25 BC. The Pantheon is a rectangular temple
has a hemispherical dome and fronted by a porch
who's roof is supported by 16 Corinthian columns.
This structure has an opening at the center top
of the dome. Since the opening is not covered the
floor is slightly concaved with a drain in the
center to catch rain when necessary.
Back to Museum
The Forum is a Latin word meaning open space or
market place. The first Forum built was by Caesar
in 54 BC. Business, judicial, civic and religious
activities were conducted in the forum. The
typical Forum is usually surrounded by temples,
shops, and basilicas. The most famous forum is
the Roman Forum. For centuries the Roman Forum
was the site of citys most important public
buildings. The Roman Forum became a spectacular
showcase of the Empire filled with wonderful
statues and architecture. The Roman Forum grew
too small for Romes ever growing public
activities. Nerva, Vaspian, and Trajan built the
largest that covered an area of about 25 acres.
Back to Museum
Back to the front page
Roman Clothing
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Although the Romans were very busy they did many
things for fun like relaxing in the bathes,
meeting friends, and inviting people over for
dinner. They also enjoyed playing Board games
that had counters, Hunting, and watching
gladiators fight. The kids played with balls,
board games, kites, and tiny models of people and
animals. Romans also played with their pets, the
kind of pets they had were Dogs, different kinds
of birds, and they sometimes had monkeys but they
were really rare.
http//www.bbc.oo.uk/ schools/ Ancient Rome
by Simon James Reed Intermational Books Ltd. 1992
Back to The museum
Women wore a tunica that was nee length either
white, brown, grey, and the tunica's with bright
colors were died with vegetable dyes. Women also
had shawls called pallas. Women wore closed shoes
their shoes were either white, green, or
yellow. Men wore nee length tunics that were
either sleeveless or short sleeves. Sometimes
they wore togas over tunics. During winter at
night they wore cloaks so they could keep warm.
Men also wore wigs to hide baldness. Men wore
sandals. Patricians wore red sandals with an
ornament on the back. Senators wore brown
footwear with black straps witch wrapped around
the leg to their mid calf. Consuls wore white
shoes. Soldiers wore heavy boots. Children Wore
tunics with wide sleeves. Girls wore a simple
belt around their tunics. The Romans were
interested with brightly colored stones like
topaz, emeralds, rubies, and sapphires. On there
pendants they liked gold frames.

Back to The museum
Romans ate mostly veggies. At lunch time every
one would take a break and come home to have
lunch. Evening meals were quite long meals witch
lead to an early bedtime. Romans did not no of
Knives and forks, so they used spoons, and
before they ate they cut up their food into
finger food. The mothers of the house or female
slaves prepared the meals for the family. Roman
weekends are different from ours they were
usually feast days honoring certain gods. Also
Birthdays were really big in ancient Rome they
ere celebrated like festivals, when they would
receive gifts form family and friends.
Click me to go back
End Show!!
Click Arch for more Info
Roman Roads
Roman Sewers
A pipe or channel designed to transport water
from a remote source, usually by gravity.
Once the water from an aqueduct reached the town,
the water poured into a settling tank. From
there, large lead pipes carried it to different
parts of the town. From smaller pipes, made of
various materials, the water was transferred into
fountains, bathhouses, and rich people's homes.
More water flowed per person into ancient Rome
than flows into present day New York City. This
is because the water ran continuously, as it did
through bathhouses and fountains. This would
obviously mean a drainage system was to be
developed. Often included in the sewer system
were the well-known Roman arches. Technology
in the time of Ancient Rome1998
B a c k
R o m a n A r c h e s
  • Romans were the first to accomplish making
    stone arches and arcades. The Roman engineers
    figured that constructing an arch would put less
    strain on the building, which would allow it to
    stay in shape longer before dilapidation. The
    arches were vital to the development of road
    networks, bridges, and the water system. When the
    arch was being constructed, a wooden scaffold was
    providing support of the stones before the
    keystone was inserted. Once the keystone was
    dropped into place, the scaffold could be
    removed. The arch works as an incredible feat of
    engineering, especially for such an ancient
    civilization. Trapezoid shaped stones were piled
    on top of each other, all roughly the same, which
    made the curve. with the scaffold in places, the
    stones would stay up. On the other side, also
    started on top of several cubic blocks, the same
    process was taken. The same curving method, the
    same amount of stones, right down to the same men
    who made it duh. Without the keystone, arches
    would completely fall and never work.

Technology in the time of Ancient Rome1998
Roman Roads
  • Roman Roads were generally the only way to
    travel, and to transport goods. Romans were the
    first civilization to build paved roads. They
    were crowned, or higher in the middle and lower
    on the shoulder so that rain or water could
    easily flow off to the side. Along these
    shoulders, there were frequently gutters or
    drainages to catch the water. Their roads were so
    great, that they were not surpassed in building
    methods until the 19th century, many hundreds of
    years later. Even today, some of these ancient
    roads remain, and cars still drive upon them.
    Back then, the roads were made to make
    transportation easier. Romans, along with the
    rest of the world, shipped goods within their
    vast empire. They didn't stop there though, they
    went on through the world with their goods. The
    supplies were being shipped throughout the
    empire, depending on location within, as well as
    dependence on supply demand. Overall, they had
    the best technology concerning roads until the
    1800's, where people just barely surpassed the
    Romans' engineering.

Sicilian City
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Gladiator fight
Soldiers, during wars, carried a short stabbing
sword and they had a pilum. A pilum was a
throwing spear that when it hit an enemy shield,
it bent and dragged on the ground so they would
either have to throw the shield away or it would
trip them. It was also very hard to get out. The
Romans armor was made of many bands overlapping
each other. They also had a rectangular shield
around their body and a metal helmet.
Gladiators came to be when people were needed in
the army. Their idea to make people join was to
get them used to seeing death and make them
bloodthirsty. Most gladiators were prisoners,
slaves, and criminals. There were three kinds of
gladiators the Saminite, the Thracian, and the
Murmillo . The Saminite was a gladiator who
carried a sword, a scutum( a rectangular shield),
wore a metal helmet, and had armor on the right
arm and the left leg. The Thracian was not a very
well armed gladiator. All he carried was a curved
short sword and a small round shield. The
Murmillo was nicknamed the fisherman because of
the shape of his helmet. He was less armed than
the Saminite and he fought the net man( a man
with no armor). He would trip the net man with a
net and then kill him with a long sword.
Punic Wars
The First Punic war started in 264 BC. and ended
in 241 BC. This war was fought between Rome and
Carthage and in the end of the first war there
was no win over the other. The first war started
when the Sicilian city of Messana turned on the
Carthaginians. Rome made many bad mistakes in
twenty years. They had many horrible losses and
in those twenty years they lost around 600 ships.
The second war lasted from 218 BC. To 202 BC.
The second Punic war came when the Romans
demanded for Carthage to release Hannibal and
send him to Rome, but they refused. Later, they
broke into war and after sixteen years of
fighting the Romans finally won. The third Punic
war lasted from 149 BC. until 146 BC. The Romans
commanded Carthage to move and abandon the city
but they would not so the Romans called for war.
The Romans won by storming into the Carthaginians
houses and slaughtering them. The rest of the
people were sold as slaves.
Back to Front Page
Picture Gallery
Augustus Caesar
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Julius Caesar
Back to Museum
Julius Caesar, a dictator of Rome, was born on
July 12 or 13, 100 B.C. He married Cornelia in 84
B.C. A Roman General named Sulla told him that he
was to divorce his wife immediately but he
refused. He didnt feel safe living in Rome with
Sulla being around, so he and his wife moved to
Asia in 81 B.C. Then. In 71 B.C. he heard that
Sulla had died so he returned to Rome. But, yet
again he left again to go study with the famous
Apollo Molon. Julius Caesar was elected for many
things. He was Father Spain in 69 B.C., Aedile in
66 B.C., and pontifex maximus in 64 B.C. He
wanted to seek consulship but he was alienated by
the senate. He started to talk to the Great
Pompey whom wanted land. The great Pompey,
Julius, and Crassus started the first
triumvirate. He asked the senate for some land
but he refused. They took it right to the Tribal
Assembly and they got the land . Pompey married
Caesars daughter Julia. From 58 51 B.C.,
Julius was involved with the Gallic Wars. Since
his army was so strong they became more popular.
He was stabbed in 44 B.C. by a group of
senates. http//go.grolier.com/
Augustus Caesar
Back To Museum
Augustus Caesar was born on September 23, 63
B.C. He was the first emperor in Rome. The famous
Julius Caesar, whom made Augustus his heir, was
his great uncle. Augustus went by the name
Octavian. In 43 B.C. Octavian along with Marcus,
Antonius, and another Roman General named Marcus
Lepidus formed the second triumvirate to rule
Rome. In 40 B.C. Antony married Ocavians sister,
Octavia, and started seeing Cleopatra at the
same time. Octavian found out and declared war.
In 31 B.C. both, Cleopatra and Antony, committed
suicide. In 27 B.C. the Roman Senate granted
Octavian with the name Augustus. He also gave him
power to rule Romes religious, civil and
military affairs with the senate and he became
the emperor. Rome achieved many new things and
became a better place. He restored peace after
wars, kept an honest government and sound
currency system, extended highways, developed an
efficient postal service, fostered free trade
among provinces, built bridges and new buildings,
and literature flourished with writers such as
Virgil, Horace, Ovid and Livy. After he died in
14 C.E at the age of 76 most provinces thought of
him as a god. http//www.lucidcafe.com/library/95
The Etruscans were very mysterious people, whose
origin was unknown. They were very good artists.
Etruscans had a taste for music. They came up
with the idea from the illustrations from their
tombs. The used the music for the simple aspects
of life for reasons like, banquets, religious
celebrations, funeral rites, sporting events,
military drills, hunting and funeral activities,
also they listened to it when they ate, cooked
food, and even afterwards when they drank wine.
The men wore togas while the women wore a long
tunic that reached their feet. They had very good
architecture to go along with there artistic
ability. Etruscans even came up with their own
language. Some of the Etruscan cities included,
Clevsin, Curtun, Persun, Pupluna, Veii, Tarchna,
Vetluna, Felathri, Velzna, and Velch. Most
writers and scientists believe that they lived
between the 10th and 11th century.
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