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Syndrome X Insulin Resistance Metabolic Syndrome

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Syndrome X Insulin Resistance Metabolic Syndrome Healthy Wednesday Club 20th February, 2008 with Richard Hill & Sue Davis Uh-oh Bad, Scary News Sugar is an addiction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Syndrome X Insulin Resistance Metabolic Syndrome


1
Syndrome X Insulin ResistanceMetabolic
Syndrome
  • Healthy Wednesday Club
  • 20th February, 2008
  • with Richard Hill Sue Davis

2
Uh-oh
3
Bad, Scary News
  • Sugar is an addiction like tobacco and alcohol
  • Obesity is now the main association with poor
    health (overtaking tobacco)
  • Teenagers have insulin resistance
  • Half of children born this century will have
    diabetes II by the age of 30

4
Normal
Insulin (from pancreas)
helps glucose (broken down from
carbohydrates) to enter the cell
to give the cell energy Insulin does this by
attaching to a receptor on the outer wall of
the cell
Insulin converts the excess Glucose into a starch
glycogen for storage in the muscles and
liver for later use.
5
Insulin Resistance
Too much glucose, especially from refined
carbohydrates causes the pancreas to produce lots
of insulin the cells are overwhelmed and shut
down receptors Insulin cant get the glucose out
of the blood and into cells so it turns the
glucose into fat instead (triglycerides)
6
(No Transcript)
7
Visceral Fat
8
(No Transcript)
9
Professor Gerald Raven - 1988
10
Lifestyle-Based Causes of Disease
O B E S I T
Y
11
More glucose from too much refined carbohydrate,
too often Pancreas produces more insulin to
cope High glucose AND high insulin pre-diabetic
syndrome Pancreas finally gives up Diabetes II
late onset diabetes
12
IDF Criteria for Defining Metabolic Syndrome
X. CENTRAL OBESITY Defined according to
ethnicity gt94 for Europid men gt80 for
Europid women(10cm less for Asians/Indians etc)
  • XX. PLUS ANY TWO OF THE FOLLOWING
  • Raised TG (gt1.7mmol/L)
  • Decreased HDL
  • (Mlt1.0 mmol/L Flt1.3 mmol/L)
  • Raised Blood Pressure
  • Systolic BP gt130mmHG
  • Diastolic BP gt85mmHG
  • D. Raised Fasting Plasma Glucose
  • gt5.6 mmol/L

13
Also
  • Fatigue
  • Agitated, jittery, moody, headaches
  • Intestinal bloating gas
  • Sleepiness
  • Weight gain
  • Depression

14
What to do
STOP THIS
15
DO THIS
EXERCISE
16
(No Transcript)
17
And do this
Healthy, low GI, whole foods
18
Glucaemic Index
GI is the effect that food has to raise blood
glucose over 2 hours
19
GI
  • 3 tbsp glucose 50 grams pure carbohydrate
  • 200 gms of spagetti
  • 5 oranges
  • Carbohydrates are how many calories food contains
    1gm 4 calories
  • 1 tbsp honey 17g carb ( 68 cals) - GI 58
  • ½ cup Lima Beans 17g carb ( 68 cals) - GI 32

20
On Packaging
  • Low GI less than 55
  • Moderate GI 56 to 70
  • High GI greater than 70

www.glycemicindex.com
21
Vegetables - GI
  • High GI potato, carrots, pumpkin, corn,
    sweet potato
  • High Carbs, Low GI beetroot, peas
  • Normal servings of carrots, pumpkin and potatoes
    eaten with protein will lower GI effect

22
Bread GI (per slice)
  • Low GI Chapati (Indian bread made from
    chickpea flour) GI 27
  • Pumpernickel GI 52
  • Sourdough GI 52
  • Stone ground GI 53
  • Standard white GI - 70

23
Fruits GI
Med - High Oranges - 44 Grapes - 46 Mango -
55 Apricots - 57 Watermelon - 72
  • Low
  • Grapefruit 25
  • Cherries 22
  • Apples - 38
  • Pears - 38
  • Dried apricots - 31

24
Gatorade (1 cup) - 78Approx 3 cups per bottle
25
AND DO THIS
Good quality Supplements Especially antioxidants
26
A meal replacement program
That encourages you eat
27
Medical Journal of AustraliaVolume 84 No 2
January 16, 2006
  • Professor Gary Eggar - SCU
  • Are meal replacements and effective clinical tool
    for weight loss?
  • Clinical trials show partial meal replacement
    products to be safe, acceptable and effective
    when used as part of an overall low energy diet.

28
Side effects of weight loss
  • Homocystine levels
  • Oxidation free radicals
  • Energy loss
  • Depression
  • Medications weight gain
  • Starvation

29
AND THIS
Romance, Beauty and Joy
mind body soul connection
30
(No Transcript)
31
Lifestyle-Based Causes of Disease
O B E S I T
Y
32
Metaflammation, Ecoflammmation, health
the environment
Energy use Social pressure Peer pressure
(Lifestyle)
Individual
Metaflammation Insulin resistance Obesity
etc.
Biological Pathology
Over-nutrition Inactivity etc.
  • Diabetes
  • -CVD
  • -Cancers

Industrialization Population growth Economic
Growth
Energy use Over-production Industrial
waste (Lifestyle)
Atmospheric pollution Ocean
acidity etc.
Ecoflammation Carbon resistance Global
warming etc.
Ecological Pathology
Global
  • Climate change
  • -Sea level rise
  • -Extinctions

33
A Lifestyle Screening Questionnaire
34
IDF Criteria for Defining Metabolic Syndrome
X. CENTRAL OBESITY Defined according to
ethnicity gt94 for Europid men gt80 for
Europid women(10cm less for Asians/Indians etc)
  • XX. PLUS ANY TWO OF THE FOLLOWING
  • Raised TG (gt1.7mmol/L)
  • Decreased HDL
  • (Mlt1.0 mmol/L Flt1.3 mmol/L)
  • Raised Blood Pressure
  • Systolic BP gt130mmHG
  • Diastolic BP gt85mmHG
  • D. Raised Fasting Plasma Glucose
  • gt5.6 mmol/L

35
Indicators of Insulin Resistance
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