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Substance Use, Addictions and Related Behaviours Grade 7

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Title: Substance Use, Addictions and Related Behaviours Grade 7


1
Substance Use, Addictions and Related
Behaviours Grade 7
2
Overview of Unit
Lesson 1- Addictions and Review of Drugs Slides
1- 32 Lesson 2 Slides 32-47 Lesson 3 What is
Mental Illness and Where do I get help?
Slides 48 -63 Lesson 4 Cost of drugs to society
67-79 Lesson 5 Body Image and Substance Abuse
80 - 85 Lesson 6 Assignment 100-86 Worksheets
in word and an alternate assignment with rubric
3
Why Should we Care about Drugs/Addictions
4
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5
Addictions What are they?
6
REVIEW
  • What are drugs. With your groups, brain storm for
    2 min and compile a list of drugs both legal and
    non-legal.
  • Also in your groups brainstorm and come up with a
    definition on what is an addiction?

7
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8
Video games and addictions
9
Drugs are addictive but dont take me word for
it
10
Anti-smoking
11
You probably know someone
who has been affected by
drugs, directly or indirectly.
12
The most commonly usedand abuseddrug in the US
is alcohol. Alcohol-related motor accidents are
the second leading cause of teen death in the
United States.
13
The most commonly used illegal drug is Marijuana.
According to the United Nations 2008 World Drug
Report, about 3.9 of the worlds population
between the ages of 15 and 64 abuse marijuana.
14
Young people today are exposed earlier than ever
to drugs. Based on a survey by the Centers for
Disease Control in 2007, 45 of high school
students nationwide drank alcohol and 19.7
smoked pot during a one-month period.
15
You probably know someone who has been affected
by drugs, directly or indirectly.
16
People take drugs because they want to change
something about their lives.
17
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs
18
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To fit in
19
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To escape or relax
20
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To relieve boredom
21
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To seem grown up
22
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To rebel
23
Here are some of the reasons young people have
given for taking drugs To experiment
24
They think drugs are a solution. But eventually,
the drugs become the problem.
25
A small amount acts as a stimulant (speeds you
up).
26
A greater amount acts as a sedative (slows you
down).
27
An even larger amount poisons and can kill.
28
But many drugs have another liability they
directly affect the mind.
29
They can distort the users perception of what is
happening around him or her.
30
As a result, the persons actions may be odd,
irrational, inappropriate and even destructive.
31
Drugs block off all sensations, the desirable
ones with the unwanted.
32
So, while providing short-term help in the relief
of pain, they also wipe out ability and alertness
and muddy ones thinking.
33
Someone who is sad might use drugs to get a
feeling of happiness, but it does not work.
34
Drugs can lift a person into a fake kind of
cheerfulness, but when the drug wears off, he or
she crashes even lower than before.
35
And each time, the emotional plunge is lower and
lower.
36
Eventually, drugs will completely destroy all the
creativity a person has.
37
They think drugs are a solution.
38
But eventually, the drugs become the problem.
39
PSA on Heroin
40
Party All Night On Coke PSA Anti drug
41
This is what happen when you do drugs
42
37 of 8th grade females commit suicide.
43
The rate of teenage drug abuse.
44
Marijuana
Methamphetamine
Club
Hallucinogen
Alcohol
Cocaine
Heroin
Inhalants
Steroids
45
Inability to have close relationships
Embarrassment
Anxiety
Anger
Confusion
Guilt
Depression
46
Ways that prevents drug abuse
Broken Homes
A.D.D
Aggression
Lack of Discipline
Depression
Lack of Respect
Cursing or Mood Swings
Failing in School
Lack of Self-Control
Lack of Motivation
Help for teens
47
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48
(No Transcript)
49
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50
10.8 million underage drinkers are turning to
their parent
1 in6 teens who drink got their alcohol from a
parent or guardian
51
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52
This is what happens when you hallucinate
53
Teenage drug abuse effects everybody around you
54
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55
The last slide relates to a web site in which is
a research-based messaging campaignwhich
graphically portrays the ravages of Meth use
through television, radio, billboards, and
Internet adshas gained nationwide attention for
its uncompromising approach and demonstrated
impact. The campaign's core message, "Not Even
Once," speaks directly to the highly ADDICTIVE
nature of Meth
  • http//www.notevenonce.com/http//www.notevenonce.
    com

56
What is Mental Illness??
Mental illness refers to problems of the brain
and mind that cause severe, and unusual changes
or problems in feelings behaviours
senses (e.g. hearing and seeing and sensations)
thoughts understanding of events ability to
relate to other people.
57
  • We all have times when we feel depressed or
    sad, or more active and excited than usual, or
    have trouble concentrating, or talk out loud to
    ourselves, or get a thought in our minds and
    cant get rid of it.
  • Those things are normal in human beings. But
    when a person is mentally ill, these kinds of
    feelings and thoughts and behaviours are very
    much more extreme and unusual.

58
Examples of Mental Illnesses
59
Depression What is it? Depression is a mental
health condition which affects a person's
thinking, energy, feelings and behaviour. It
can vary from mild to severe and can prove
disabling in some cases, impacting on the
individual's family and work life. It is possible
to minimise the impact of depression by accessing
information and support, and by finding ways to
manage the condition

60
  • Anxiety disorders are a group of disorders
    which affect behaviour, thoughts, emotions and
    physical health.
  • Research into their origins continues, but it
    is believed they are caused by a combination of
    biological factors and an individuals personal
    circumstances, much like other health problems,
    such as heart disease or diabetes.
  • It is common for people to suffer from more
    than one anxiety disorder and for an anxiety
    disorder to be accompanied by depression, eating
    disorders or substance abuse.

61
Depression
Mood disorders affect about 10 of the
population. Everyone experiences "highs" and
"lows" in life, but people with mood disorders
experience them with greater intensity and for
longer periods of time than most people.
Depression is the most common mood disorder a
person with depression feels "very low." Symptoms
may include feelings of hopelessness, changes in
eating patterns, disturbed sleep, constant
tiredness, an inability to have fun, and thoughts
of death or suicide. People with manic
depression have periods of depression and periods
of feeling unusually "high" or elated. The
"highs" get out of hand, and the manic person can
behave in a reckless manner, sometimes to the
point of financial ruin or getting in trouble
with the law.
62
Bipolar Disorder
People with bipolar disorder, or manic depressive
disorder, experience alternating mood swings,
from emotional highs (mania) to lows
(depression). The condition can range from mild
to severe. It is not known what causes bipolar
disorder. Research suggests that people with the
condition have a genetic disposition. It tends to
run in families. Drug abuse and stressful or
traumatic events may contribute to or trigger
episodes.
63
Anxiety Disorder
Everyone feels anxious at times. Challenges such
as workplace pressures, public speaking, highly
demanding schedules or writing an exam can lead
to a sense of worry, even fear. These sensations,
however uncomfortable, are different from the
ones associated with a anxiety disorder. People
suffering from an anxiety disorder are subject to
intense, prolonged feelings of fright and
distress for no obvious reason. The condition
turns their life into a continuous journey of
unease and fear and can interfere with their
relationships with family, friends and
colleagues.
64
  • Anxiety disorders are the most common of all
    mental health problems. It is estimated that they
    affect approximately 1 in 10 people. They are
    more prevalent among women than among men, and
    they affect children as well as adults. Anxiety
    disorders are illnesses. They can be diagnosed
    they can be treated.
  • But all too often, they are mistaken for mental
    weakness or instability, and the resulting social
    stigma can discourage people with anxiety
    disorders from seeking help.
  • Understanding the facts about anxiety disorders
    is an important step. Realising that they are
    medical disorders which can be treated will help
    to remove the stigma, and encourage people with
    anxiety disorders to explore the treatments
    available.

65
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia often starts slowly. When the
symptoms first appear, usually in adolescence or
early adulthood, they may seem more bewildering
than serious. In the early stages, people with
schizophrenia may find themselves losing the
ability to relax, concentrate or sleep. They may
start to shut long-time friends out of their
lives. Work or school begins to suffer so does
their personal appearance. During this time,
there may be one or more episodes where they talk
in ways that may be difficult to understand
and/or start having unusual perceptions
66
Substance misuse the use of substances in ways
that are illegal or not recommended
medically. Substance abuse involves the
excessive use of substances despite the physical,
mental, emotional or other harm this may cause to
oneself or others.
67
Brainstorm In groups of 2 or 3, brainstorm ideas
around this statement Problematic substance
abuse and mental illness are often closely
connected
68
Substance Abuse and Mental IllnessIs There A
Connection???
Problematic substance abuse and mental illness
MAY be closely connected. Many people suffer
from both, but one does not necessarily cause the
other. The causes may be different, or both may
be caused by a common factor, which could be
genetic, developmental or environmental. Mental
illness may contribute to substance abuse
alcohol and drugs may be used to cope with a
mental illness, and may make the symptoms
worse. Many people who abuse drugs DO NOT have a
mental illness and many people suffer from a
mental illness and DO NOT use drugs.
69
Where do I get Help? Where do I go?
70
Where to Get Help in Cambridge, Kitchener,
Waterloo?
  • http//chd.region.waterloo.on.ca/web/health.nsf/4f
    4813c75e78d71385256e5a0057f5e1/2b80edb6e5d9836e852
    5752100743712!OpenDocument

71
Ask for Help
  • Do not be afraid to ask for help from others.
  • When dealing with drug addiction, it is hard to
    do it alone.
  • Getting the help you need will enable you to keep
    pushing toward your goals.

72
Describe how to access different sources of
support when dealing with issues connected to
substance use or mental health.
73
Rehabilitation Centres
http//www.canadadrugrehab.ca/ON/Waterloo-Wellingt
on.html
74
SOURCES OF SUPPORT
Please get into groups of 3 to 4.
  • Using information from Waterloo Region Public
    Health, Canadian Drug Rehab slides, and your own
    knowledge, list 5 to 7 places, people, or
    organizations you could access for help and
    support related substance use and other
    addictions.
  • Complete the following chart ranking each source
    (you found in question 1) Level R 4.
  • 3. Be prepared to share with the class.

Sources of Support Knowledge Availability Trust Confidentiality
Granny (90 yrs.) 2 (outdated) 4 (lives next door) 4 (Alzheimer's) 1 (shell tell mom)


75
PERSONAL and SOCIAL Implications
76
PERSONAL and SOCIAL Implications
  • Example Underage drinking is a concern. Who can
    be harmed by underage drinking, and how?
  • HEALTH
  • Slows down your heart rate, breathing rate, brain
    function,
  • and ability to make decisions (acts as a
    depressant).
  • (Brain Function Image) (Kids Health - Info)
  • Can damage major organs such as the brain, liver,
    heart,
  • kidneys, sensory organs, and reproductive
    organs.
  • (Long Term Effects of Alcohol - Simple) (Long
    Term Effects of Alcohol - Complex)
  • Can lead to addiction.
  • FAMILY
  • Poor role-model for younger siblings.
  • Put stress on relationship with parents and
    siblings (i.e., trust).
  • http//www.learn-about-alcoholism.com/effects-of-
    alcoholism.html
  • Risk of Fatal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) as
    a result of
    alcohol abuse during pregnancy.

77
PERSONAL and SOCIAL Implications
  • Example (cont.) Underage drinking is a concern.
    Who can be harmed by underage drinking, and
    how?
  • SAFETY
  • Intoxication leads to risky behaviour and
  • impaired judgment that can result in
    injury
  • or death (e.g., binge drinking, drunk
    driving).
  • (Canadian Statistics on Alcohol)
  • Alcohol poisoning can be fatal.
  • FRIENDS
  • Alcohol abuse is connected to violence in
    relationships.
  • Can lead to unplanned pregnancies.
  • Damage your reputation.
  • Loss of friends.

78
PERSONAL and SOCIAL Implications
  • Example (cont.) Underage drinking is a concern.
    Who can be harmed by underage drinking, and
    how?
  • LEGAL
  • Cause personal injury or property damage.
  • Can lead to being, arrested, charged, and/or
    fined.
  • May commit crimes to feed addiction (i.e.
    theft).
  • EDUCATION
  • Influence ability to function in school and at a
    job.
  • Less involvement with teams and clubs.
  • A record can impact future employment.

79
What is the truth?
80
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81
PERSONAL and SOCIAL Implications
  • Identify the personal and social implications for
    the these situations related to substance use and
    addiction
  • effect of technology dependence on school and
    workplace performance
  • risks associated with smoking cigarettes
  • risks associated with chewing tobacco
  • effects of second-hand smoke on non-smokers and
    children
  • body damage and reputation loss among athletes
    who use steroids and other performance-enhancing
    drugs
  • risks associated with marijuana use
  • risks associated with experimenting with ecstasy
  • effects of gambling on the person and his/her
    family
  • abuse of over-the-counter and prescription
    medications

82
Alcohol Reduces Brain Function
83
Long Term Effects - Simple
84
Long Term Effects - Complex
85
The Problem with Drugs
  • Some types of drug use are associated with
    criminal activity.
  • As drug use in a community increases, so does the
    occurrence of certain types of crimes, depending
    on the drug.
  • Most research on drugs and crime has been
    concerned with heroin and street crime such as
    burglary, larceny, and assault addicts commit to
    get money to buy more drugs.
  • Alcohol is associated with assault-type crimes
    committed with intent to harm the victim.

86
Cost of Drug Use
  • Cost of illness studies Look at the negative
    consequences of alcohol and drug use for society
    by quantifying in dollars what society pays for
    its members incurring specific illnesses.
  • In 1995, it is estimated alcohol abuse cost the
    U.S. 166.5 billion and drug abuse cost 109.9
    billion for a total of more than 276 billion !
  • Costs of alcohol and drug abuse come from such
    sources as illness, death, medical expenses, and
    crime. Crime-related costs are especially
    significant for drug abuse (58 of the total).

87
  • Alcohol is also correlated with homicides,
    property offenses, sexual offenses, and check
    fraud.
  • Use of hallucinogens and marijuana is not
    associated with crime or may even be a negative
    association.
  • Evidence is mixed for barbiturates and
    tranquilizers with some studies showing no
    relationship and others showing the same
    relationship for barbiturates and crime as for
    alcohol and crime.
  • What role does the pharmacological effects of
    these drugs have on their relationships with
    crime?

88
How much does Alcohol and Drug Use cost Canadians?
  • How much per each Canadian does it cost? What is
    your guess?
  • 1 dollar per Canadian
  • 4 dollars per Canadian
  • 46 dollars per Canadian
  • 10 dollars per Canadian
  • 100 dollars per Canadian
  • 463 dollars per Canadian
  • 1000 dollars per Canadian
  • 4639 dollars per Canadian
  • The sobering fact is 463 per Canadian..that
    includes YOU and ME!

89
Save 1 Billion and 800 Lives CAMHs "Avoidable
Costs of Alcohol Abuse in Canada 2002" Study
released For Immediate Release June 11, 2008
(TORONTO)
  •  The economic burden of alcohol abuse costs each
    Canadian 463 per year.
  •   In fact, the direct health care costs for
    alcohol abuse in Canada exceed those of cancer. 
    Released today by the Centre for Addiction and
    Mental Health (CAMH), the Avoidable Cost of
    Alcohol Abuse in Canada 2002 report estimates
    that, even under very conservative
    assumptions,implementing six reviewed
    interventions would result in cost savings of
    about 1 billion per year and a savings of about
    800 lives, close to 26,000 years of life lost to
    premature death and more than 88,000 acute care
    hospital days in Canada per year. 
  • This pioneering study is Canadas first
    systematic estimate of the avoidable costs of
    alcohol abuse, and the first study of its kind
    worldwide.

90
The Actual Article
  • http//www.camh.net/News_events/News_releases_and_
    media_advisories_and_backgrounders/Avoidable_costs
    _study.html

91
Vitamins
  • Organic substances that are required in small
    amounts for maintenance and growth, but which
    cannot be manufactured by the human body.

92
Diuretics
  • Agents that promote the excretion of urine
    through their effects on kidney function.

93
Laxatives
  • Agents that produce a soft formed stool, and
    relax and loosen the bowels, typically used over
    a protracted period, to relieve CONSTIPATION.

94
Diet Pills
  • Medication that controls or reduces appetite.

95

Anabolic Steroids
  • Synthetic derivatives of the naturally occurring
    male anabolic hormone testosterone.

96
Introduction to Summative Assignment
http//www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/drugs-drogues/youth-j
eunes/tv-not4me-0drogue-eng.phpTranscript of TV
Ad - Not4Me (Youth Drug Prevention) - Health
Canada
97
Not for me. Ca Drug Refusal
http//www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/drugs-drogues/youth-j
eunes/risks-risques/index-eng.php
98
How to say NO
  • http//www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/drugs-drogues/youth-j
    eunes/speak-exprime/index-eng.phpFactsContent2

99
Substance Use and Abuse
  • Refusal/Assertiveness Strategies

100
Purpose To use Strategies Required to Counter
the Pressure to Use Drugs
  • Can be oral or video
  • Need a script with dialogue
  • One typed copy for each member in the group
  • One typed copy for your teacher

101
Purpose Continued
  • Length of presentation is 5 10 minutes (Grade
    8)
  • Use props, family, friends etc. to assist with
    your project (i.e. your mom holds the video
    camera or an extra in your movie)

102
Requirements
  • Display 7 refusal and assertiveness techniques
    covered in class (minimum level 3).
  • ie. Using the walkway strategy (1)
  • Using the broken record (2)

103
Requirements continued
  • 2) Outline the possible negative consequences of
    substance use and abuse. (social costs, emotional
    costs)
  • 3) Identify the resources available in preventing
    and treating substance abuse and addictions
  • 4) To describe causes and symptoms of stress and
    positive ways to relieve stress.

104
Additional Requirements
  • Include a props list hat, flour, syringe etc.
  • Include a slogan- Eg. Drugs are for Thugs,
    Drug Free is the way to be or Get High on
    Life, not on Drugs
  • Due Date April 6th

105
Assertiveness
  • Learning to communicate positively is an
    important part of getting along with others. I
    messages help when there is a need to communicate
    feelings about an issue or situation.

106
Assertiveness Involves
  • Standing up for your rights and beliefs in a
    honest and direct way.
  • Respecting other peoples feelings and opinions
    even if you dont agree with them.
  • Using assertive words such as I statements
    (e.g., I believe) and cooperative words (e.g.,
    How can we work this out?, What do you
    think?).

107
The Following Strategies Are Tools to Assist
Students to Be Assertive
  • Change the subject. Talk about something
    unrelated to what they are being pressured to do
    (e.g., I really like your jacket. Where did you
    get it?)

108
More Strategies
  • Give alternatives. Suggest that they do
    something else (e.g., Lets play soccer
    instead.)

109
More Strategies
  • Turn the tables. Reverse the situation so that
    they are not the one under pressure (e.g., Why
    are you bugging me?).

110
More Strategies
  • Give reasons, Give an excuse
  • (e.g., No thanks, Im training for hockey.).

111
More Strategies
  • Use humour (e.g., Know why dinosaurs became
    extinct? They smoked.).

112
More Strategies
  • Use the broken record technique. Stick to an
    answer and keep repeating it
  • (e.g., No thanks, no thanks, no thanks, no
    thanks!)

113
More Strategies
  • Leave. Walk away. Go somewhere else. Talk to
    other friends
  • (e.g., Sorry, Im late. I have to go.).
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