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Title: Globalization

  • Lsn 2

  • The collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of
    the Cold War abruptly opened up possibilities for
    trans-global connections that had previously been
  • Globalization is the increasing
    interconnectedness of all parts of the world in
    all areas, most notably communication, commerce,
    culture, and politics
  • It is welcomed by some and vilified by others

Globalization The Pro Argument
  • The global economy delivers markets that operate
    with maximum efficiency
  • Globalization is the only way to bring prosperity
    to the developing world
  • Globalization is inevitable and should be embraced

Globalization The Con Argument
  • The global economy is an untamed juggernaut that
    rewards the few and impoverishes the many
  • Globalization is neither inevitable or desirable
  • It diminishes the sovereignty of local and
    national governments and transfers the power to
    shape economic and political destinies to
    transnational corporations and global
  • It is responsible for the destruction of the
    environment, the widening gap between rich and
    poor societies, and the worldwide homogenization
    of local, diverse, and indigenous cultures

  • Advances in technology just increase our
    ability to do things, which may be either for the
    better or for the worse. All of our current
    problems are unintended negative consequences of
    our existing technology.
  • Jared Diamond, Collapse, 505

  • The great divisions among humankind and the
    dominating source of conflict will be cultural.
    The fault lines between civilizations will be the
    battle lines of the future.
  • Samuel Huntington, Clash, 1

West vs the Rest
  • The central axis of world politics is likely to
    be the conflict between the West and the Rest
    and the responses of non-Western civilizations to
    Western power and values.
  • Samuel Huntington, Clash, 11

  • Throwing sand into the gears of globalization is
    seen as a way to spit on Americas hegemony, if
    not to limit the exercise of it in the political,
    cultural, and economic domains.
  • Jagdish Bagwati, Defense, 27

Western Dominance
  • . The West has driven the globalization agenda,
    ensuring that it garners a disproportionate share
    of the benefits, at the expense of the developing
  • Joseph Stiglitz, Discontents, 7

Yalis Question
  • Why is it that you white people developed so
    much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we
    black people had little cargo of our own?
  • Jared Diamond, Guns, 14

The Environmental Explanation
  • History followed different courses for different
    peoples because of differences among peoples
    environments, not because of biological
    differences among peoples themselves.
  • Jared Diamond, Guns, 25

Eurocentric Explanation
  • In a world of relativistic values and moral
    equality, the very idea of a West-centered
    (Eurocentric) global history is denounced as
    arrogant and oppressive. It is intended, we are
    told, to justify Western dominance over the East
    by pointing out European superiority. What we
    should have instead is a multicultural,
    globalist, egalitarian history that tells
    something (preferably something good) about
    everybody. The European contribution no more or
    less the invention of and definition of
    modernity should be seen as accidental or to use
    the modish word, contingent.
  • David Landes, Wealth, 513-514

  • . Americas enormous cultural vitality and
    technological creativity, combined with hegemonic
    status in world politics, make her a net exporter
    of culture, giving her therefore no sense of
    threat from that direction either it is her
    culture that spreads. But this spread of
    American culture threatens others to whom it
  • Jagdish Bagwati, Defense, 120

  • Globalization has little to do with people or
    progress and everything to do with money.
  • Ignacio Ramonet, Debate, 118

Haves and Have-nots
  • A growing divide between the haves and the
    have-nots has left increasing numbers in the
    Third World in dire poverty, living on less than
    a dollar a day.
  • Joseph Stiglitz, Discontents, 5

Different Realities
  • People in the West may regard low-paying jobs at
    Nike as exploitation, but for many people in the
    developing world, working in a factory is a far
    better option than staying down on the farm and
    growing rice.
  • Joseph Stiglitz, Discontents, 4

Global Institutions
  • . The current system run by the IMF
    International Monetary Fund is one of taxation
    without representation.
  • Joseph Stiglitz, Discontents, 20

  • . From ones luxury hotel, one can callously
    impose policies about which one would think twice
    if one knew the people whose lives one was
  • Joseph Stiglitz, Discontents, 24

Failed States
  • Lack of state capacity in poor countries has
    come to haunt the developed world much more
    directly.. Suddenly the ability to shore up or
    to create from whole cloth missing state
    capabilities and institutions has risen to the
    top of the global agenda and seems likely to be a
    major condition for security in important parts
    of the world. Thus state weakness is both a
    national and an international issue of the first
  • Francis Fukuyama, State-Building, x-xi

The World is Flat
  • The world is flat the global competitive
    playing field was being leveled. The world was
    being flattened.
  • Thomas Friedman, Flat, 7-8

  • Globalization has reduced the sense of isolation
    felt in much of the developing world and has
    given many people in the developing countries
    access to knowledge well beyond the reach of even
    the wealthiest in any country a century
    ago. Joseph Stigltiz, Discontents, 4

  • European Explorations
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