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Realism and Naturalism

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Realism and Naturalism 1865-1910 Realism Realism is a nineteenth-century literary movement that depicts life without idealizing or romanticizing it. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Realism and Naturalism


1
Realism and Naturalism
  • 1865-1910

2
Realism
  • Realism is a nineteenth-century literary movement
    that depicts life without idealizing or
    romanticizing it.
  • It usually focuses on middle and lower class
    people such as shop girls, merchants, poor
    factory workers, etc.

3
  • Realism attempts to explain why ordinary people
    behave the way they do.
  • Realists believe that people can choose their own
    directions in life and make their own moral
    choices.

4
Authors to Remember
  • Ambrose Bierces story An Occurrence at Owl
    Creek Bridge represents the new wave in fictions
    realism
  • Kate Chopin depicts Louisianas unique mix of
    cultures
  • Mark Twain and Bret Harte convey to the nation
    the rough excitement of the West.

5
Naturalism
  • Naturalism is an extreme kind of realism.
  • Naturalists believe in the Survival of the
    Fittest
  • It stresses that mankind is a victim of fate or
    circumstance caught in the vicious struggle of
    life.

6
  • Naturalists believe that people have little
    control over their own lives.
  • Naturalistic writers see mankind as creatures
    acted upon by nature. They try to write
    objectively about life.
  • Naturalist writers such as Frank Norris and
    Stephen Crane focus on the powerful economic,
    social, and environmental forces that shape the
    lives of the individuals.

7
Six things that led to the rise of realism and
naturalism
  1. Civil War
  2. Growth or railroads and telegraphs
  3. Influence of foreign literature
  4. Science Darwins Origin of the Species
  5. Mass immigration overcrowding in cities,
    hunger, child labor, etc.
  6. Rapid industrialization
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