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Romantic Era Unit

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Title: Romantic Era Unit


1
Romantic Era Unit
  • Lesson on Freudian Lens in Literature and
    Coleridge, Byron Shelley and Scott

2
Homework .
  • By Friday read and take notes over the Biog of
    Coleridge page 594 and the poem Kubla Khan on
    pages 620-623
  • By Monday read the first half of Coleridge's
    "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" Parts I-V pages
    595-608
  • By Tuesday read through page 618- There will be a
    Quiz over Rime on entire poem.

3
Journals due March 28/29
  • 1) Portfolio Entries
  • 2) romantic as our culture see it
  • 3) Romanticism as the book defines it
  • 4) Quote Response To A Mouse/Louse
  • 5) Three Utopian Visions
  • 6) Chimney Sweeper Inn vs. Exp
  • 7) Garden of Love 3 pics, summs, themes
  • 8) Dorothy Prose of Natural Spot
  • 9) William Poem of Natural Spot
  • 10) Rime Lenses Interpretation Graph
  • 11) Rime Interpretation Paper Outline

4
Freudian Lens in Literature
  • Sigmund Freud
  • b. 1856
  • d. 1923

5
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • William Wordsworth 1770-1850
  • Coleridge 1772-1834
  • 13/14 Children
  • Ran away and caught pneumonia/bronchitis, treated
    with laudanum
  • Pantisocracy- utopian society in Pennsylvania
  • Pan
  • Soc
  • Ocracy

6
The child is father of the man
7
Freudian Psychology
  • Id
  • Ego
  • Superego

8
4 Significant Childhood Events
  • Used these events later to theorize psychological
    neuroses

9
I. Guilt Issues
  • Sibling Rivalry
  • Wanted Mom to himself -Oedipal Complex
  • hated new brother Julius
  • Julius died at 8 months
  • consumed with guilt

10
II. Repressed Sex Issues
  • Sexually aroused seeing his mother naked
  • Oedipal complex
  • Electra complex

11
III. Prove Worth Issue (Esteem)
  • Deliberately urinated in his parents bedroom
  • Age 7-8
  • Phallic Power
  • Father remarked, That boy will never amount to
    anything.

12
IV Prove Manhood/ Gender
  • Gentile knocked fathers new fur cap into gutter
  • shouted, Jew, get off the pavement. Didnt
    want to share sidewalk with minority.
  • Father calmly picked up hat, and moved on.
  • Son disrespected father.
  • Act like a man.

13
Freudian Lens
  • Interpretation of literature
  • finding sexual themes and symbolism in certain
    objects and events
  • latent, hidden, disguised content of dream
    fantasies having reference to a sexual act, or
    sexual organs

14
Sexual Intercourse
  • Climbing up a stairway, Crossing a bridge, Riding
    an elevator, Flying in an airplane, Walking down
    a hallway, Train travelling through a tunnel,
    Floating on waves

15
Male Sex Organs
  • bullets, snakes, sticks, umbrellas, guns, hoses,
    knives, fountains
  • rocks
  • river

16
Female Sex Organs
  • ovens, boxes, tunnels, closets , caves, caverns,
    chasm, bottles, ships
  • breasts apples, peaches, grapefruits, melons

17
other sexual actsfrom Kubla Khan
  • Woman playing a flute
  • Man feeding on honeydew
  • Man drinking milk

18
Kubla Khan
  • 1797 Coleridge recovering from an illness, taking
    medication
  • Fell asleep while reading from Samuel Purchas
    Pilgrimage, a passage describing Genghis Khans
    son, Kubla Khan and his palace (the Forbidden
    City, in Peking)
  • Awoke from the dream but was interrupted before
    he could complete writing down the entire poem
  • Thus, Coleridge, called this a fragment of a
    dream obviously this was quite a dream!!!

19
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • By Monday read pages 596-603
  • By Tuesday read pages 604-618- Quiz over Rime
    on entire poem
  • The poem is allegorical- it has two levels,
    literal and symbolic
  • To many, the poem makes more sense symbolically,
    than it does literally

20
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • Marginal notes that actually tell the story
  • Antique spelling and phrasing to set the mood
    as a medieval ballad

21
The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  • Text by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Art Illustrations by Gustave Dore

22
The Ancient Mariner and the Wedding Guest
23
The Wedding Begins
24
The Crew suffers from thirst
25
Making Allegorical/Symbolic Connections..
  • What does the Albatross represent?
  • What does the Ancient Mariner represent?
  • What does the Wedding Guest represent?
  • What do the dangerous ice flows represent?
  • What does the crossbow represent?
  • What does the dice game between Life-in- Death
    and Death represent?
  • What does the blessing of the water snakes
    represent?
  • What does the saving rain represent?
  • What does the Hermit represent?
  • What does the retelling of the story represent?

26
Journals due March 28/29
  • 1) Portfolio Entries
  • 2) romantic as our culture see it
  • 3) Romanticism as the book defines it
  • 4) Quote Response To A Mouse/Louse
  • 5) Three Utopian Visions
  • 6) Chimney Sweeper Inn vs. Exp
  • 7) Garden of Love 3 pics, summs, themes
  • 8) Dorothy Prose of Natural Spot
  • 9) William Poem of Natural Spot
  • 10) Rime Lenses Interpretation Graph
  • 11) Rime Interpretation Paper Outline

27
Journal no. 6 Chimney Sweeper Inn vs. Exp
  • 4 paragraphs Summary, Summary, Comparison and
    Contrast
  • Color Symbolism
  • Point of View
  • Vision of Heaven vs. 3 way Blame-Placing
  • Family Situation
  • Hope vs. Bitterness
  • Title Punctuation, Grammar, Spelling, Punctuation
  • Clarity/ Understandability

28
Journal Entry no. 10
  • Make a chart using at least 7 of the characters
    or items or events from the poem across the top.
    Along the side include at least 4 different
    possible interpretations.
  • Fill in the chart with your own ideas of what
    each thing represents according to that
    particular lens.

29
Interpretations of Rime
Reli-gious Lens Autobio-graphic Lens Words-worthian Lens CEO of Polluting Industry
Ancient Mariner
Albatros
Wed Guest
Polar Ice
30
Interpretations of Rime
Reli-gious Lens Autobio-graphic Lens Words-worthian Lens CEO of Polluting Industry
Sun and Moon
Crossbow
Life-in-Death vs. Death Dice Game

31
Interpretations of Rime
Reli-gious Lens Autobio-graphic Lens Words-worthian Lens CEO of Polluting Industry
Blessing the Water Snakes
Rain
Hermit
Re-telling of the story
32
Journal Entry no. 11 Outline Journal Entry no. 12
Rough
  • Write a literary analysis of at least 5
    paragraphs in which you prove that the Rime of
    the Ancient Mariner is best understood using the
    Lens you choose to argue.
  • In each of the three body paragraphs use concrete
    details/quotes from the poem that you will
    clearly interpret, according to your chosen
    Lens/interpretation.

33
Intro
  • Broad General Topic Sentence
  • General Plot Summary
  • Focused Plot Summary
  • Transition to Thesis
  • Main Thesis

34
Body use three paragraphs one for beg, mid and
end
  • Support Thesis- must have two symbolic items
  • Lead-in Context
  • CD with address
  • Commentary -2
  • Lead-in Context
  • 2nd Concrete Detail with address
  • Commentary 2
  • Transition/Summary/Closure

35
Conclusion
  • Restated Thesis
  • Summary of ST ideas
  • Outside Comparison 1-personal 2-societal 3-
    literary 4- historical
  • Return to the literary work
  • Clincher

36
Rime Interpretation Literary Analysis
  • Intro
  • General Opening Sentence(s)
  • Author and Title
  • General Plot Summary- must mention all 6 symbols
    you use in your paper- you wont have to explain
    in depth each symbol otherwise your plot summary
    will be too long.
  • Focused Plot Summary- mention all the possible
    Lenses, and then focus on the one your choose as
    your transition to thesis
  • Main Thesis

37
Rime Essay
  • Body paragraphs
  • Each ST must include two symbols

38
STs in the Rime Interpretation Essay
  • For example
  • Coleridge uses the albatross and the slimy
    creatures to exemplify the happiness that is
    brought by nature.
  • Or
  • The crossbow that kills the Albatross represents
    the killing of hope and poetic genius through
    laudanum.

39
Rime Interpretation Essay
  • Body Paragraph
  • Each symbol must have a CD, your commentary is
    explaining how the item is symbolic
  • Each CD must have an address
  • (Canto, Line, Page)
  • Before each CD you must put in the context- where
    does the symbolic item, and the quote come from
    in the story?
  • Plot summary belongs in the intro paragraph not
    in the body paragraph, other than to give context.

40
George Gordon, Lord Byron
  • Difficult childhood
  • Dead father, alcoholic bi-polar mother
  • Poverty and wacko life with mom and physical
    deformity
  • Age 10 Inheritance title, wealth, estate
  • Freedom from poverty and mom, but issues with
    women
  • Tall, dark handsome
  • Grand Tour- Byronic Code Hero
  • Childe Harold, Don Juan

41
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44
Poetry..
  • She Walks in Beauty
  • Apostrophe to the Ocean
  • Waterloo
  • On Fame
  • When A Man Hath No Freedom

45
Byrons scandal
  • Once he was married he lost interest in his wife
  • Had an affair with his half-sister
  • His wife left him in despair
  • The British public was shocked and held him
    responsible for his wifes depression and
    deserting her
  • He left for Italy, never to return alive

46
The Greeks sent his body back to England to be
buried, but his heart was buried in Greece, the
land he struggled to liberate
47
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Biography page 636
  • Expelled from Oxford
  • Like Byron left England in scandalous
    circumstances and moved to Italy
  • Second wife was Mary Shelley, author of
    Frankenstein
  • Biography, and cut from the Gothic Novel page
    670-675 What are the characteristics of Romantic
    Era literature in her novel?

48
Shelley Key Quote to unlock his poetry
  • Poets are the Unacknowledged legislators of the
    world.
  • Poets artists, musicians, sculptors, authors,
    movie-makers, as well as poets
  • Which have the biggest impact on society?
    Artists Preachers Politicians Educators
  • Why do you think so?

49
Shelley
50
Compare and Contrast
  • Byrons On Fame
  • Shelleys Ozymandias
  • 4 Paragraphs Summary, Summary, Similarities,
    Differences
  • Remember the Shelley Key Quote!!!

51
  • Ramesses II built his fabulous mortuary temple on
    the site of Seti I's ruined temple, where he
    identified himself with the local form of the
    God, Amun. It was begun early in his reign, and
    took twenty years to complete. It was described
    by Diodorus as the 'tomb of Ozymandia' which
    inspired a verse by the great poet, Percy Bysshe
    Shelley.

52
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60
Shelleys works
  • Ozymandias
  • Ode to the West Wind
  • To a Skylark
  • All these are in your text book!!

61
Shelleys scandal
  • Shelley deserted his first wife
  • Remarried a much younger, and brighter woman,
    daughter of his mentor.
  • His first wife committed suicide in depair
  • The British public held him responsible for his
    first wifes death
  • He left England for Italy, never to return..

62
Shelleys death
  • Ended up drowning in a boating accident
  • Burned his corpse in a Greek funeral pyre
  • Immediately after the funeral Byron stripped down
    and swam out to the place in the water where
    Shelley drowned

63
John Keats
  • Read and take notes over pages 650-652 and
    655-666
  • Died young of TB.
  • Keats key quote to unlock his poetry
  • A thing of beauty is a joy forever.
  • What is the only thing that will last?
  • What isnt going to last?

64
Keats Sonnets Journal no. 6
  • On First Looking into Chapmans Homer
  • When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be
  • Journal Topic Determine which type of sonnet
    these two are, then summarize them by their
    parts.
  • Personalizing the poetry of Keats
  • What things would you feel most cheated about
    missing, if you knew you were going to die within
    a years time?
  • What is your favorite book that turned you onto
    reading and literature?

65
The poetry of Keats
  • On First Looking into Chapmans Homer
  • When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be
  • Ode on a Grecian Urn

66
Ode on a Grecian Urn
67
The Greeks had three words for love
  • Eros sexual love/ lust
  • Phileo brotherly love/platonic love
  • Agape perfect/unconditional love

68
Second Six Weeks Journal/Portfolio
  • Table of Contents no. 2
  • Portfolio Entries (Entries 1-4)
  • Entry One Table of Contents no. 1
  • Entry Two Ten Commandments of Journal Writing
  • Entry Three Chimney Sweeper C and C plus
    Revision
  • Entry Four William Nature Poem include a
    (revised) Final Draft in this journal

69
Second Six Weeks Journal/Portfolio
  • Entry 5 Rime Interprets Chart
  • Entry 6 Rime Interpret Outlines and Rough
    Draft
  • Entry 7 Shelley Key Quote which impacts
    society more?
  • Entry 8 Comp and Cont On Fame vs. Ozy
  • Entry 9 Keats Sonnets- 4 parts
  • Entry 10 Scott Code Hero Entry

70
Romanticism
  • C Common Man / Noble Savage
  • I Impression sensitivity
  • V Vivid imagination, supernatural
  • I Interest in the past
  • L Liberty, hatred of tyranny
  • M Melancholy mood
  • E Emotional spontaneity
  • N Nature oriented and obsessed

71
Romantic Era
  • Sir Walter Scott

72
Code Heroes
  • Earnest Hemingways
  • Lord Byrons
  • Sir Walter Scotts

73
Sir Walter Scott 1771-1832
74
Biography
  • Son of Edinburg attorney- middle class
  • severe childhood illnesses
  • Border Country- grandparents house
  • loved and collected stories ballads
  • wittled on sticks
  • Incredible memory
  • Historical Fiction Genre Founder

75
Sir Walter Scotts works
  • Lochinvar
  • Ivanhoe

76
Scott vs. Byron
  • Earned his money and title
  • was a man of honor and integrity
  • worked to clear debts
  • created Historical Fiction Novels
  • Inherited his money and title
  • lived a scandalous life
  • ran away to Italy
  • associated with Gothic novels

77
Code Heroes
  • Byronic
  • physical trait- tall dark handsome
  • moody/melancholy
  • irresistable to women
  • ambivalent relationships w/ a woman
  • Scott
  • no physical type
  • knight with no fancy trappings but a good horse
  • faithful to one woman
  • avoids violence
  • fights well when he has to - courageous

78
Tuesday or Labday of next week Romantic Era Exam
  • Do you know the 8 Romantic Era Characteristics?
    Do you know the 8 Romantic Era Writers? Do you
    know their biographies and philosophies/world
    views? Do you know their major works? Do you
    know the themes of the those works? Do you know
    the important quotes from those works? YES? Then
    you will ace the exam! NO? Then you better start
    studying!!

79
Journal No. 10
  • Scott Code Hero Entry
  • Lochinvar summarize the plot of the poem and
    show how the protagonist fulfills the Scott Code
    Hero
  • Ivanhoe Summarize the plot of the novel and
    show how the protagonist fulfills the Scott Code
    Hero

80

81
  • He stayed not for brake, and he stopped not for
    stone, He swam the Eske River where ford there
    was none, But, ere he alighted at Netherby
    gate, The bride had consented, the gallant came
    late For a laggard in love, and a dastard in
    war, Was to wed the fair Ellen of brave
    Lochinvar.

82
  • So boldly he entered the Netherby hall, Among
    bridesmen and kinsmen and brothers and all. Then
    spoke the bride's father, his hand on his
    sword (For the poor craven bridegroom said never
    a word), "O come ye in peace here, or come ye in
    war, Or to dance at our bridal, young Lord
    Lochinvar?"

83
  • I long wooed your daughter, my suit you denied-
    Love swells like the Solway but ebbs like its
    tide- And now am I come, with this lost love of
    mine, To lead but one measure, drink one cup of
    wine. There are maidens in Scotland, more lovely
    by far, That would gladly be bride to the young
    Lochinvar."

84

The bride kissed the goblet the knight took it
up, He quaffed off the wine, and he threw down
the cup. She looked down to blush, and she looked
up to sigh, With a smile on her lips and a tear
in her eye. He took her soft hand ere her mother
could bar- "Now tread we a measure!" said young
Lochinvar.
85
  • So stately his form, and so lovely her face, That
    never a hall such a galliard did grace While her
    mother did fret and her father did fume, And the
    bridegroom stood dangling his bonnet and
    plume And the bridemaidens whispered, "'twere
    better by far To have matched our fair cousin
    with young Lochinvar."

86
  • One touch to her hand, and one word in her
    ear, When they reached the hall door, and the
    charger stood near So light to the croupe the
    fair lady he swung, So light to the saddle before
    her he sprung! "She is won! we are gone! over
    bank, bush and scaur They'll have fleet steeds
    that follow," quoth young Lochinvar

87
  • There was mounting 'mong Graemes of the Netherby
    clan Forsters, Fenwicks, and Musgraves, they
    rode and they ran There was racing and chasing
    on Canobie Lee, But the lost bride of Netherby
    ne'er did they see. So daring in love, and so
    dauntless in war, Have ye e'er heared of gallant
    like young Lochinvar?

88
Historical Fiction Genre
  • Over a hundred years after the Norman Conquest of
    1066, 1194
  • England tri-lingual nation
  • Richard the Lion-Hearted off fighting in the
    Crusades, his younger brother John is the
    substitute king.
  • Fragmented Society Normans Saxons Jews

89
Fragmented Society
  • Normans- King John, Brian de Bois Guilbert, Front
    de Boeuf, Maurice de Bracy
  • Saxons- Cedric of Rotherwood, his disinherited
    son Ivanhoe, Rowena the ward of Cedric, and
    princess of the Saxons, Athelstan the Saxon royal
    heir, and Wamba, Cedrics Jester.
  • Jews Isaac of York and his daughter, Rebecca

90
Who are the three bad guy knights?
  • They are Normans.
  • They wanted to rob Isaac of York, the Jew.
  • They support Prince John for King, rather than as
    a substitute king.
  • Brian De Bois Guilbert
  • Maurice De Bracy
  • Front De Boeuf

91
Two Beautiful Maidens
  • Rebecca, the daughter of Isaac of York, the Jew.
    The Jews through their Biblical sanitation and
    Kosher Laws knew the importance of keeping wounds
    clean and treated disease and wounds with
    medicinal herbs.
  • Rowena, the Saxon Princess, her guardian (shes
    an orphan) is Cedric of Rotherwood. Cedric is a
    Saxon nobleman who lost his power when the
    Normans invaded. Cedric is Wilfred of Ivanhoes
    father who has disowned him.

92
The Disinherited Knight
  • Ivanhoe, left his fathers house to join the
    Norman, Richard the Lion-hearted in the Crusades.
    So his father, Cedric, a Saxon who lost
    everything with the signing of the Domesday Book
    by William the Conqueror, hates ALL Normans and
    so banished his son, Wilfred of Ivanhoe from his
    presence.

93
Historical Fiction Genre
  • Mixing of fictional and factual characters from
    history.
  • Knights Templar were the ugly racist dark side of
    the Medieval Era. These cruel killers fought in
    the Crusades for all the wrong reasons and make
    life miserable for anyone that was different.
  • Robin of Locksley Robin Hood, and his band of
    Saxon terrorists hid out in Sherwood Forrest
    and stole from the rich Normans and gave to the
    poor Saxons.

94
Journal No. 10
  • Scott Code Hero Entry
  • Lochinvar summarize the plot of the poem and
    show how the protagonist fulfills the Scott Code
    Hero
  • Ivanhoe Summarize the plot of the novel and
    show how the protagonist fulfills the Scott Code
    Hero

95
Tuesday or Labday of next week Romantic Era Exam
  • Do you know the 8 Romantic Era Characteristics?
    Do you know the 8 Romantic Era Writers? Do you
    know their biographies and philosophies/world
    views? Do you know their major works? Do you
    know the themes of the those works? Do you know
    the important quotes from those works? YES? Then
    you will ace the exam! NO? Then you better start
    studying!!

96
This weeks schedule
  • The Romantic Era Exam postponed until Friday.
  • We will continue to view the Ivanhoe video
    Tuesday.
  • Labday the Ivanhoe Quiz will be due
  • Read the handout for the background info.
  • Make sure you are studying for the Romantic Era
    Exam scheduled for Friday.
  • Read and take notes over The Victorian Age
    Pages 683-695 before Labday. Intro to Vict Era Qz
    on Labday.
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