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ICT and Digital Tools for College Teachers

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ICT and Digital Tools for College Teachers Presented by Dr. B. Victor St. Xavier s College Palayamkottai. About the presenter Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ICT and Digital Tools for College Teachers


1
ICT and Digital Tools for College Teachers
  • Presented by
  • Dr. B. Victor
  • St. Xaviers College
  • Palayamkottai.

2
About the presenter
  • Dr.B.Victor is a highly experienced postgraduate
    biology teacher, recently retired from the
    reputed educational institution St. Xavier s
    College, Palayamkottai, India-627001.
  • He was the dean of sciences and assistant
    controller of examinations.
  • He has more than 32 years of teaching and
    research experience
  • He taught a diversity of courses ranging from
    pre- university to post graduate classes.
  • Send your comments bonfiliusvictor_at_gmail.com

3
If you learn only methods, youll be tied to
your methods, but if you learn principles, you
can devise your own methods.
- Ralph Waldo Emerson.
4
Presentation Agenda
  • Technology Integration
  • 21 st Century skills
  • What are Tools ?
  • Technology Tools
  • ICT skills
  • ICT Tools
  • Graphic tools
  • Digital Tools
  • Knowledge Maps
  • Charts
  • Animation Tools
  • End Note

5
(No Transcript)
6
Technology
  • The world of Technology is advancing very
    rapidly.
  • Technology is continuously changing.
  • Change is not always easy.
  • The initial human reaction to change is
    resistance. Resistance makes for slow change.
  • Change is inevitable.
  • Change led to progress.
  • Learners must have the ability to adapt to
    changes

7
Technology promotes
  • Technology promotes the skill of learning to
    learn and improves their learning outcomes.
  • Technology provides head- heart and hand
    approach to learning.

8
21st Century Skills
  • Digital-Age Literacy

9
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10
Basic Literacy
  • Basic literacy is language proficiency to
    function on the job and in society.

11
Scientific Literacy
  • Scientific literacy is knowledge and
    understanding of the scientific concepts and
    processes.

12
Economic Literacy
  • Economic literacy is the ability to identify
    economic problems, alternatives, costs, and
    benefits.

13
Technological Literacy
  • Technological literacy is knowledge about what
    technology is, how it works, what purposes it can
    serve, and how it can be used efficiently and
    effectively to achieve specific goals.

14
Visual Literacy
  • Visual literacy is the ability to interpret, use,
    appreciate, and create images.

15
Information Literacy
  • Information literacy is the ability to locate,
    synthesize, and use information effectively using
    technology, communication networks, and
    electronic resources

16
Multicultural Literacy
  • Multicultural literacy is the ability to
    understand and appreciate the similarities and
    differences in the customs, values, and beliefs
    of one's own culture and the cultures of others.

17
Global Awareness
  • It is the recognition and understanding of
    interrelationships among nations, states,
    sociocultural groups, and individuals across the
    globe.

18
If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend
to see every problem as a nail.
  • Abraham Maslow, Psychologist (1908 1970)

19
Tools
  • Tools are wonderful and powerful things.
  • We use hundreds of them every day for a multitude
    of simple and complex purposes.
  • An alarm clock wakes us up, we clean our teeth
    with one, we brush our hair with another, we iron
    our clothes, we butter our toast etcall with
    tools .

20
Definition of Tool
  • A tool is defined as, anything that aids us in
    accomplishing a task, .
  • Tools and techniques can be broadly defined as
    the practical methods and skills applied to
    specific activities to enable improvements.

21
Multiple uses of Tools
  • Technology is a very versatile tool, a bit like a
    screwdriver.
  • A screwdriver can screw and unscrew screws.
  • it can also be used to pry open paint tin lids,
    be used as a stirrer, as a hole punch, as a
    hammer, as a tool for reaching the object that is
    always just out of reach etc.

22
Multiple uses of Technology Tools(Thomas et. al.
2002).
  • Technology can be used as
  • a tool for inquiry,
  • a tool for construction,
  • a tool for communication,
  • a tool for expression,
  • a tool for productivity and
  • a tool to assist in problem solving and the
    making of informed decisions.

23
Technology Tools
  • Technology communication tools- to collaborate,
    publish and interact with peers, experts and
    audiences.
  • Technology research tools-to locate information,
    to process data and report results.
  • Technology productivity tools- construct models
  • Technology problem solving and decision- making
    tools

24
Use of computer-based technology
  • computer-based services can be used to search
    for and find relevant information in a range of
    contexts
  • computer-based services can be used to retrieve
    information using a variety of media
  • computer based services can be used to write,
    analyze, present and communicate information

25
Learning use of Computer based Technology
  • Learning from the Technology
  • Learning about the Technology
  • Learning with the Technology.

26
Information technology Applications
  • The distributed and self paced learning -at
    anytime/ anywhere (the World Wide Web provides
    unlimited data and experiences)
  • Electronic messaging
  • Virtual learning environments.

27
  • Any technology which increase the rate of
    learning would enable the teacher to teach less
    and the learner to learn more

28
Information and Communication technology
Definitions
  • Information technology (IT) is defined as the
    study or use of electronic equipment, especially
    computers for storing, analysing and sending out
    information.
  • Communication technology is the process of
    sending, receiving and exchanging information.

29
New digital paradigm
  • ICT become a key element in economic
    development.
  • ICT plays significant role in the growth of
    societies and economies and poverty alleviation.
  • ICT provides more responsive and transparent
    governance as well as improving the reach and
    delivery of health, education and other social
    services.

30
ICT literacy
  • ICT literacy basically involves using digital
    technology, communication tools and/or access,
    manage, integrate, evaluate and create
    information in order to function in a knowledge
    society.

31
ICT- Characteristics
  • EFFICIENCY
  • FASTER
  • CHEAPER
  • FEWER STEPS
  • LESS PEOPLE
  • LESS PAPER WORK
  • EFFECTIVENESS
  • MOST INTERACTIVE
  • FEWER ERRORS
  • CUSTOMIZED
  • PERSONALIZED
  • ARCHIVABLE
  • TRANSPARENT
  • SEARCHABLE
  • INNOVATION
  • NEW PRODUCTS
  • NEW TECHNIQUES

32
Major Roles Of ICT
  • As a source of Knowledge
  • As a medium to transit Knowledge
  • As a means of interaction / dialogue

33
ICT - Tools
  • Multimedia PC, Laptop, Notebook.
  • CDs DVDs. digital video, still camera.
  • Internet and its tools- e-mail ,browsers,
    website, search engines, chat etc.
  • Video /audio conferencing.
  • Digital libraries.
  • Interactive TVs.
  • Microsoft publishing ,news letter, poster,
    brochure.

34
ICT Tools in Education
  • Word processing -documents, notes, projects,
    assignments
  • Spread sheet programming -records, exam scores
  • Data bases -information storage
  • Graphing software -to prepare teaching-learning
    resources
  • Developing Multimedia kits -to make process
    interesting
  • Internet and e-mail facilities -to gain knowledge
  • Games and simulations -to improve quality of
    learning

35
Role of ICT in Learning
  • ICT helps to provide interactive learning
    experiences
  • ICT stimulate and motivate learners
  • ICT provide comfortable learning .
  • ICT tools aids of in the understanding of
    difficult concepts and processes
  • ICT caters to different learning styles
  • ICT helps students to gain valuable computer
    skills.
  • ICT aids in collaboration and group work.

36
Advantages of ICT
  • resource sharing 
  • wide variety of services 
  • flexibility 
  • reliability 
  • faster speed 
  • cheaper cost. 

37
Unique Attributes of ICT
  • ICT facilitate collaboration and communication.
  • ICT aid in the visualization of difficult
    concepts
  • ICT promote creativity.
  • ICT enable multiplier effect of documents.
  • ICT provide flexibility and variety in learning.
  • ICT provide a multimedia presence in the
    classroom.

38
ICT-Benefits
  • Creativity
  • Flexibility
  • Logistic skills

39
Digital Tools of Numerical Data
40
Graphs
  • A graph is a diagram showing numerical trends and
    relationships.
  • A good graph makes information vivid, memorable
    and meaningful.

41
Statistical Graphics-1
42
Statistical Graphics-2
43
Statistical Graphics-3
44
Statistical graphs-4
45
Statistical graphs-5
46
Features of graphs
  • The best graphs communicate their purpose with
    ease.
  • They show trends and relationships.
  • They attract attention.

47
Benefits of graphs
  • Clarity of message.
  • Simplicity of design
  • Clarity of words
  • Integrity of intentions and action

48
Digital Tools of Textual Data
49
Definition
Knowledge maps
  • They are visual representations of knowledge.
  • It is a frame used to organize information

50
Different Names Of knowledge maps
  • Graphic organizers
  • Cognitive organizers
  • Advance organizers
  • Concept maps
  • Concept diagrams
  • Thinking maps

51
What are Knowledge maps ?
  • A visual representation of knowledge
  • A Way of structuring information into organized
    patterns
  • A Way to promote active learning
  • A Way to access students' previous experience and
    knowledge

52
Why Knowledge maps ?
  • 1. Graphic organizers help to communicate large
    amounts of information more easily
  • 2. They allow easy editing and drawing different
    perspectives
  • 3. They are flexible in application
  • 4. They are ideal for many types of learners
  • 5. They offer greater retention

53
Preparation of Knowledge maps
54
  • Knowledge maps come in different forms
  • Each one best suited for organizing a particular
    type of information

55
What are the different types of Knowledge maps?
  • Hierarchical organizers- present main ideas and
    supporting details in ranking order,
  • Comparative organizers- depict similarities among
    key concepts,
  • Sequential organizers- illustrate a series of
    steps or place events in a chronological order,
  • Cyclical organizers- depict a series of events
    that have no beginning or end,
  • Conceptual organizers- include a main concept
    with supporting facts, evidence, or
    characteristics(Bromley, et al., 1998).

56
Kinds of Kmaps
57
Brain storming webs
  • Concept map
  • Mind map
  • Fishbone map
  • Spider map

58
Task specific maps
  • Bubble map
  • Double bubble map
  • Circle map
  • Chain of events
  • Clustering map 
  • Cycle map 
  • Brace map
  • Venn diagram
  • Interaction outline
  • Problem/solution
  • Persuasion map
  • Time order map
  • E-map
  • Flow map
  • Tree map

59
Concept Map (C Map)
  • A concept may have main topic in the
    center and lines radiating in all directions with
    sub-topics and facts branching off from the main
    topic.

60
Components of concept maps
  • Nodes represent concepts.
  • Lines represent relations between concepts.
  • Labels on the lines describe the nature of the
    relationship.
  • Arrow heads indicate direction of the
    relationship.

61
Hierarchical map
62
Non- hierarchical map
63
Concept map on water
64
Concept map on organic molecules
65
Concept map on Photosynthesis
66
Concept map on Physical fitness
67
Mind mapping
  • Mind mapping was originated by Tony Buzan in
    1971.
  • Mind mapping involves writing down a central
    idea and thinking up new and related ideas which
    radiate out from the centre.
  • Then looking for branches out and connections
    between the ideas.

68
Mind mapping
  • Mind mapping is a process of taking or making
    notes.
  • Mind mapping increase the quality of thinking

69
Mind Mapping
70
Mind map on Pollution
71
Mind map on Forms of Energy
72
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73
Task specific Maps
74
Fish-bone map
75
Fishbone mapping
  • The Head of the fish represents a problem,
    issue or project.
  • The Ribs of the fish represent component parts
    of the problem and related elements of each part.
  • It helps to identify, explore and display the
    possible causes of a problem.

76
Fishbone mapping
77
Spider map
This map is used to brainstorm ideas.This map is
organized by placing the theme in the center of
the map.Outwardly radiating sub-themes surround
the center of the map.
78
Spider mapping
79
Bubble map
The bubble map is designed for the process of
describing attributes. Eg. Character traits,
cultural traits, properties, salient features.
80
Bubble map-Example
81
Double bubble map
This map is used for comparing and contrasting
two thinks. Eg. Two characters in story, two
historical figures, two social systems.
82
Double bubble map-Example
83
Circle map
  • This map is used for seeking context and
    brainstorming . It has two concentric circles. In
    the middle of the circle you put the key ideas
    and the out side circle you put everything you
    know about those ideas.

84
Circle map-Example
85
Cluster map-Example
86
Cluster map
  • It generates ideas, images and feelings around a
    stimulus word.
  • It helps to organize descriptive information on a
    topic.
  • It enables to group items into categories and to
    see patterns in ones idea.
  •  

87
Clustering map
88
Cycle map
  • Cycle attempts to show how a series of events
    interacts to produce a set of results again and
    again.

89
Cycle map-Example
90
Cycle map-Example
91
Brace map
  • This map is used for identifying the part-whole,
    physical relationship of an objective.
  • By representing whole part and part- sub part
    relationships, this map supports learners
    spatial reasoning.

92
Venn diagram

Unique traits
Unique traits
Shared traits
  • A Venn diagram is made of two overlapping
    circles.
  • It is to analyze similarities and differences
    between two things (people, place, events, ideas)
  • It places individual characteristics in either
    the left or right sections, and common
    characteristics within the overlapping sections.

93
Venn diagram-Example
94
Time- order map
  • It is used to represent the details of any
    four events related to a topic.

95
E- map
  • It is used to represent any three details
    / subordinate categories of a topic.

96
Flow map
  • Flow map represents the sequence of steps in
    producing a product or describes a process.

97
Tree map
  • It displays the key term at the top and leads
    down to relate sub-branches of a concept or an
    organization or function of a body.

98
Tree diagram-Example
99
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100
Chain of events
Beginning
  • It is used to describe the stages of the
    steps in a linear procedure, the sequence of
    events, the goals, the actions and the outcomes
    of a character in a novel.

101
Research topic map
102
Problem - solution map
103
Problem solution map
104
Single cause/ Multiple Effect
105
Multiple Causes / Single Effect
106
Cause / effect diagram
107
Single Cause / multiple effects
108
Persuasion map
109
Story map
110
Process development map
111
Narrative map
112
Problem solution map
113
Character-traits (events) map
114
Continuum/ Time line chart
115
SIMPLE GRAPHICS- 1
116
SIMPLE GRAPHICS-2
117
Charts
118
T Chart
  • Used for comparing and contrasting by placing
    individual characteristics in either the left or
    right sections.

119
Compare/ contrast chart
  • Used to show similarities and differences between
    two things (people, places, events, ideas, etc.).

120
KWLH Chart
  • K What we KNOW about the subject.W - What
    we WANT to learn.L - What we LEARNED
  • H HOW can we learn more.

121
KWL Chart
122
PMI evaluation
  • Use to show positive, negative, and interesting
    attributes of a subject, concept, topic,
    solution, etc., in order to determine the nature
    of the outcome and whether it will be worth
    continuing or not.

123
Animation Tools
124
AnimationTools -1
125
Animation tools-2
126
Animation tools -3
127
Animation tools -4
128
Animation tools -5
129
VISUAL TOOLS
  1. To clarify your point
  2. To emphasize your point
  3. To simplify your point
  4. To unify your point
  5. To impress your learner

130
References
  • Dart, B Boulton-Lewis, G (eds) (1998) Teaching
    and Learning in Higher Education. Melbourne,
    Australian Council for Educational Research.
  • Gibbs G Habeshaw T (1995) 253 Ideas for your
    Teaching. Bristol, Technical and Education
    Services.
  • Laurillard, D (1993) Rethinking University
    Teaching A Framework for the Effective Use of
    Educational Technology. London, Routledge.
  • Weimer, M. (1990). Improving college teaching
    Strategies for developing instructional
    effectiveness. San Francisco Jossey-Bass.
  • Sandholtz, J. H., C. Ringstaff, and D.W. Dwyer
    (1997). Teaching with Technology Creating
    Student-centered Classrooms. New York, Teachers
    College Press.

131
Presentation over
132
The End
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