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INDIAN RAILWAYS- AN INTRODUCTION

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Title: INDIAN RAILWAYS- AN INTRODUCTION


1
INDIAN RAILWAYS- AN INTRODUCTION
  • B.V.L.NARAYANA
  • Senior professor / transportation management

2
Scheme of presentation
  • History of rail roads
  • Evolution of IR
  • Organizational structure and management
  • Staffing pattern
  • Management of staff
  • Welfare activities
  • Negotiating machineries
  • Grievance redressal mechanisms

3
History of Rail roads
  • 1550 AD
  • Roads of rails called wagon ways used in
    Germanywooden rails, horse drawn carriages
  • 1776 AD
  • Rails now of metal. Wheels metalcalled tram
    wayshorse drawn-spread all over Europe
  • 1789AD
  • William Jessop- invented the flanged wheel
  • 1803 AD
  • Steam engine built by Richard trevethick

4
History of rail roads
  • RAILROADS feasible due to invention of steam
    engine
  • 1789- first flanged wheels designed Jessop
  • 1804 first tramway steam engine built and used
    R. Trevithick
  • 1825-Stockton and Darlington railways functional
  • 1814-George Stephenson built first rail engine
  • 1826- john Stevens- first American railroad
  • 1857 first sleeping car built Pullman
  • 1869-george Westinghouse invention of air brakes
  • 1970s high speed technology

5
HISTORY OF RAILRODS-INDIA
  • 1832 first proposed in madrasbangalore
  • 1836-survey carried out
  • 1840- lord Hardinge decides to support building
    of railwaysirrespective of commercial viability
  • 1845-two companies EIR and GIPR operating
  • Dec 22 1851roorkee functional railway system to
    haul construction material
  • April 16 1853- Bombay thane first passenger
    train run
  • 15 august 1854 Howrah to hoogly

6
History of railroads in India
  • The British government encouraged the setting up
    of railways by private investors under a scheme
    that would guarantee an annual return of 5
    during the initial years of operation. Once
    completed, the company would be passed under
    government ownership, but would be operated by
    the company that built them.
  • 1862-Howrah benaras
  • 1870- East and west network linked 6400 kms and
    95 million pounds investment

7
History of railroads India
  • By 1880 the network had a route mileage of about
    14,500 km (9,000 miles), mostly radiating inward
    from the three major port cities of Bombay,
    Madras and Calcutta. By 1895, India had started
    building its own locomotives, and in 1896 sent
    engineers and locomotives to help build the
    ugandan railways .
  • In 1900, the GIPR became a government owned
    company. The network spread to modern day states
    of Assam, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh and soon
    various independent kingdoms began to have their
    own rail systems.
  • 1901 railway board constituted
  • 1907 most companies taken over by
    governmentfirst electric locomotive
  • 1914-1918impact of world war I
  • 1920 61000 kms networkindependent railway
    budget
  • 1940-44impact of second world war

8
History of IR pre independence
  • IRCA
  • The Indian Railway Conference Association came
    into existence in the year 1902. AT that time
    railway network in India consisted of 19
    privately owned separate railways systems
    covering a total of 8,475 miles. Each company had
    formulated its own rules and regulations
    regarding charging, booking and carriage of
    Passengers and Goods. Due to multiplicity of
    rules the user was very much inconvenienced. With
    a view to overcome the difficulties in regard to
    different rules and regulations and to frame
    rules regarding movement of wagons of one railway
    system over the other, the Indian Railway
    Conference Association was formed in the year
    1902. Initially the Association was constituted
    to frame rules and regulations for booking of
    traffic and interchange of trains between
    railways, to act as a consultative Committee and
    as a Board of Arbitration. Subsequently the
    Committees for prescribing common standards for
    wagon maintenance and Classification were formed
    and by 1926 it was decided to have permanent
    Committees and Technical sections covering all
    spheres of Railway working under IRCA.

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11
History of IR post independence
  • 1946 all company railways taken over by
    government. 40 railways in Pakistan
  • 42 separate systems (32 Princely state railways)
    55000 KMSMulti gauge
  • 1951- reorganization and merger of all company
    railways6 Zones
  • 1952BG standard, indigenous production units
    electrification
  • 1986-steam phased out
  • Metro built in Calcutta
  • 1998-konkan railway built

12
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13
EAST INDIAN RAILWAY -1860
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15
Some company railways
  • BBCI
  • The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway
    (BBCI) was a company incorporated in 1855 to
    undertake the task of constructing a railway line
    between Bombay and Vadodara in India. BBCI
    completed the work in 1864. The first suburban
    railway in India was started by BBCI started
    between Virar and Colaba, a station in Bombay
    Backbay in the 1867
  • The Colaba-Borivali section (37.8 km) was
    eletrified on 5 January, 1928 on the 1.5 kV DC
    system.
  • 1936 electrification of churchgate-virar
  • On 5 November 1951 the Bombay, Baroda, and
    Central India Railway was merged with the
    Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur railways to give
    rise to the Western Railway.

16
Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway
  • The Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway was a
    railway company that operated in southern India.
    It was founded on January 1, 1908, by merging the
    Madras and the southern mahratta railways.
    Initially, its headquarters was at Royapuram in
    Madras but later shifted to a newly constructed
    building at Egmore, which was inaugurated on
    December 11, 1922. On April 1, 1944, its
    management was taken over directly by the
    Government of India.1 On 14 April, 1951, the
    Madras and South Mahratta Railway, the South
    indian railway and the mysore state railway were
    merged together to form the Southern Railway, one
    of the 16 zones of the Indian Railways

17
MSM RAILWAY MAP OF NETWORK
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20
History of IR post independence
  • 1946 all company railways taken over by
    government. 40 railways in Pakistan
  • 42 separate systems (32 Princely state railways)
    55000 KMSMulti gauge
  • 1951- reorganization and merger of all company
    railways6 Zones
  • 1952BG standard, indigenous production units
    electrification
  • 1986-steam phased out
  • Metro built in Calcutta
  • 1998-konkan railway built

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22
Network zones
23
IR zonal RAILWAYS ON DATE
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32
Productivity over time
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41
Railway medical services
42
Railway medical services
43
Staff welfare
  • Staff Benefit Fund is an important channel for
    providing additional facilities to railway
    employees and their families in the spheres of
    education, recreation, medicare, sports, scouting
    and cultural activities. Dispensaries under the
    indigenous systems of medicine, viz. Ayurvedic
    and Homeopathic, are run with the help of this
    Fund.

44
Important statistics
  • Approximately 42 staff have been provided with
    railway quarters.
  • 253 canteens served subsidized meals and
    refreshments to employees during the year at
    their work-places.
  • Co-operative societies of various types are
    encouraged as a part of welfare programme for
    employees.

45
Important activities
  • 171 registered Railwaymen's Consumer Co-operative
    Societies, 19 Railwaymen's Cooperative Housing
    Societies and 29 Labour Contract Cooperative
    Societies were functional on IR during 2007-08.
  • IR attaches due importance to recreation for its
    employees and provides excellent facilities
    through Institutes/Clubs for sports, libraries,
    etc. and Holiday Homes to enable the employees
    and their families to enjoy holidays at nominal
    expenses.

46
Railway Minister's Welfare and Relief Fund The
Fund provides financial assistance and relief to
railway employees and their families in times of
distress. Voluntary contributions from the
employees and Railway Women's Welfare
Organizations constitute the primary source of
the Fund. Life Line Express, with all medical
facilities, runs under the aegis of Rajiv Gandhi
Foundation, New Delhi for organizing medical
camps in the hinterland.
47
  • Railway Schools
  • IR runs and manages 365 railway schools which
    include nearly 100 Senior/Secondary/High Schools.
    These schools provide quality education at
    subsidized cost to about one lakh children of
    railway employees and about 30,000 non-railway
    wards. There are about 5,500 teachers and about
    1,100 nonteaching staff employed in these railway
    schools. IR also supports 62 Kendriya Vidyalayas
    for the benefit of wards of railway employees.

48
Empowerment, Welfare, and Development of Women
  • IR is the largest employer in the country with
    13,94,520 employees of which 82,712 are women
    employees as on March 31, 2008.
  • Various privileges are also available to women
    railway employees like maternity leave, special
    leave for promoting family welfare and most
    significantly Child Care Leave for a period of 2
    years which has been introduced recently.
  • Complaint redressal system under gender
    discrimination
  • Handicraft centres and Mahila Samities have been
    instituted to impart skills necessary for
    pursuing income generating vocations. A specific
    outlay is earmarked under Staff Benefit Fund
    towards Women Empowerment Activities. This is for
    women family members
  • Women Welfare Organisations are also being run by
    wives of Railway Officers who are also promoting
    the cause of women through activities like
    nursery schools, crèches, institutions for
    mentally challenged children, promoting talent
    amongst wards of the employees and rendering
    necessary financial assistance in deserving
    cases.

49
Other major activities
  • Sports
  • Help to differently abled persons
  • Concessions
  • Facilities at stations and in coaches
  • Reservation in posts-3
  • Staff grievance redressal system
  • Pension adalats
  • Permanent negotiating machinery

50
Undertaking under IR
  • CONCOR
  • Set up in 1989
  • 3500 crores turn over
  • 22 profit
  • Center for railway information system
  • Responsible for creation and implementation of
    major IT systems on IR
  • Dedicated freight corridor corporation of India
  • Set up 2006 November

51
Undertakings under IR
  • IRCON
  • Set up 1976
  • Internationally spread
  • Construction company
  • 2100 crores turnover
  • IRCTC
  • Manages catering, tourism and e-ticketing
  • IRFC
  • Facilitates market mobilization of finances for
    railways

52
Undertakings under IR
  • KRCL
  • Started in 1998
  • Runs 760 km long railway line
  • PRCL
  • RAILTEL
  • RITES
  • TECHNICAL, ECONOMIC AND CONSULLTANCY SERVICES

53
Undertakings under IR
  • RVNL
  • to raise non budgetary resources SPV
  • Construction activities
  • Advisory boards
  • Rail users committees
  • Research advisory board
  • Our heritage
  • 3 heritage railways
  • Rail museum

54
ANY QUESTIONS THANK YOU
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