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Landscape Plans

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Landscape Plans By: Johnny M. Jessup Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor Sequential Plans Types of Sequential Plans Functional Diagrams Preliminary Designs Final Plans ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Landscape Plans


1
Landscape Plans
  • By Johnny M. Jessup
  • Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor

2
Sequential Plans
  • Types of Sequential Plans
  • Functional Diagrams
  • Preliminary Designs
  • Final Plans
  • Each is increasingly more specific
    and detailed.

3
Functional Diagrams
  • They begin the arrangement of the client's
    program on the site.
  • Are called bubble diagrams because.
  • They use loosely drawn freeform shapes to
    represent areas or shapes.
  • Help the designer make decisions concerning
    layout and sizes and the use of each area.

4
Functional Diagrams
5
Preliminary Designs
  • They break the bubbles to show first draft
    vision of how each landscape area will be shaped.

6
Preliminary Designs
  • The landscape is given its.
  • Form.
  • Type of materials to be used.
  • Application of landscape design principles.
  • Are simple without real details, but.
  • The horizontal vertical relationships between
    objects and areas are now included.

7
Preliminary Designs
8
Preliminary Designs
  • A number of preliminary designs may be shown to a
    client before the final plans are made.

9
Final Plans
  • Use suggestions reactions of the client to make
    a master drawing that is graphically detailed
    completely specific in its intent for the
    landscape.

10
Final Plans
  • They include.
  • Precisely identified plants other materials.
  • Paving patterns.
  • Other specific detailed information such as
    construction drawings for the landscape
    contractor subcontractors.

11
Final Plans
  • Graphics are designed to impress.

12
Landscape Plans
  • Computer assisted or drawing board.

13
Graphics
  • Is the lettering numbers.
  • Types include.
  • Free-hand lettering
  • Mechanical
  • Computer

14
Landscape Principles Procedures
15
Principles of Design
  • Balance
  • Materials are distributed evenly on opposite
    sides of a central axis.
  • There are 3 types of balance
  • Symmetric
  • Asymmetric
  • Proximal/Distal

16
Types of Balance
  • Symmetric
  • One side is a reflective mirror image of the
    opposite side.
  • Most formal type of balance.

17
Types of Balance
  • Asymmetric
  • Each side has as much interest as the other, but
    is not a duplicate of the other side.

18
Types of Balance
  • Proximal/Distal
  • Balances right and left as well as near and far.

19
Balance
  • Macro-Range
  • The viewer sees the landscape from the most
    distant vantage point.
  • Closer Range
  • The views from other locations not as distant.

20
Principles of Design
  • Focalization of Interest
  • Selects positions visually strong items in the
    landscape composition to create focal points.
  • Draws the eye of the viewer to one major feature
    in each use area such as a corner building.

21
Principles of Design
  • Simplicity
  • Seeks to make viewers comfortable within the
    landscape.
  • Excludes any unnecessary changes in.
  • Shape
  • Color
  • Direction
  • Etc.

22
Principles of Design
  • Rhythm Line
  • Repeating something at a standard interval or
    pattern creates rhythm.
  • Lines establish the shape form of landscape.

23
Rhythm Line
  • Replicating strong existing lines such as the
    lines of the house or pool.
  • Functions of line plantings include.
  • Foundation plantings.
  • Block a view.
  • Frame a View.
  • Provide Privacy

24
Principles of Design
  • Proportion
  • The size relationships between all the features
    of the landscape including vertical, horizontal,
    and spatial relationships.

25
Proportion
  • Maintains proper proportional relationships in a
    landscape between.
  • Buildings people.
  • Buildings plants.
  • Plants people.
  • Plants plants.
  • Masses soils.

26
Principles of Design
  • Unity
  • All the separate parts contribute to the creation
    of the total design.

27
Unity
  • Ties together the individual parts of each use
    area by.
  • Repeating prominent colors.
  • Repeating construction materials.
  • Continue interior design themes to
    outdoor rooms.
  • Repeat plant species.
  • Raise patios, decks, and porches to door level.

28
Landscape Process
  • Process is a sequence of steps to reach a goal.

29
Landscape Process
  • Project development process goes from.
  • Need or objectives.
  • Design process.
  • Accepting the design.
  • Contracting subcontracting.
  • Actual landscaping.
  • Acceptance.
  • Billing payment.

30
Landscape Process
  • Project maintenance process starts with.
  • Need or desire.
  • Moves to selecting landscape
    maintenance company.
  • (They assess the needs presents a proposal.)
  • If proposal is accepted.
  • Company schedules does work then bills
    the customer.

31
Landscape Process
  • Design process includes.
  • Site analysis
  • Program analysis

32
Designed By
  • Johnny M. Jessup FFA Advisor
  • Hobbton High School
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