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World War II and the Holocaust

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World War II and the Holocaust 1939-1945 Objective To understand the nature of the Second World War To understand the war aims of the Axis and Allied powers To ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War II and the Holocaust


1
World War II and the Holocaust
  • 1939-1945

2
Objective
  • To understand the nature of the Second World War
  • To understand the war aims of the Axis and Allied
    powers
  • To understand how end of the Second World War and
    its Consequences
  • To understand the Holocaust

3
Recap of Causes
  • Hitler wanted to scrap the restrictions the
    Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany
  • The Allies and League of Nations were unable to
    stop Hitler

4
Lead-up to War
  • Hitler remilitarizes Rhineland in 1935
  • Hitler builds up army and air force
  • Italy invades Ethiopia in 1935 Allies do nothing
  • Rome-Berlin Axis formed in 1936
  • Germany annexes Austria in 1938
  • Germany dismembers Czechoslovakia in 1938

5
Spanish Civil War
  • Prelude to Second World War
  • Fascists vs. Socialists
  • Allies did nothing

6
Spanish Civil War
7
Guernica
8
War Leaders
  • The Allies
  • The United States
  • President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (later
    succeeded by Harry Truman)
  • Great Britain
  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill
  • The Soviet Union
  • Premier Josef Stalin

9
The Allies
10
War Leaders
  • The Axis
  • Germany
  • Adolf Hitler
  • Italy
  • Benito Mussolini
  • Japan
  • General Hideki Tojo

11
The Axis
12
The War in Europe
  • Germany invades Poland on September 1, 1939
  • Britain and France declare war on Germany
  • Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact

13
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
14
The War in Europe
  • Germany invades Western Europe in 1940
  • Blitzkrieg (lightning war)
  • Norway and Denmark conquered in April
  • Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxemburg conquered in
    May
  • France conquered in June

15
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16
The War in Europe
  • Hitler targets Britain
  • Britain and Empire alone
  • Winston Churchill (1874-1965) becomes Prime
    Minister in 1940

17
The War in Europe
  • The Battle of Britain (1940)
  • German strategy Operation Sea Lion
  • Strategy
  • Unsuccessful

18
Blitz over London
19
The War in Europe
  • Italy and the war
  • Mussolini wants to recreate Roman Empire
  • Alliance with Italy becomes a burden for Hitler

20
The War in Europe
  • Hitler turns to the Soviet Union
  • Part of Hitlers overall plan
  • Stalin warned of German attack but did not listen

21
The War in Europe
  • Hitler invades Soviet Union June 22, 1941
  • Operation Barbarosa
  • Stalin taken by surprise

22
Battle of Stalingrad
23
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan becomes a major power in Asia in early 20th
    century
  • Japan militarizes in the 1930s

24
Japan in the 1930s
25
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan invades Manchuria in 1931
  • Japanese aggression makes United States nervous

26
The War in the Pacific
  • Role of the United States
  • Neutrality
  • Lend-Lease Act, 1941

27
Neutrality vs. Intervention
28
The War in the Pacific
  • Japanese aggression threatened American interests
    in the Pacific
  • US pressures Japan to withdraw from Indochina

29
The War in the Pacific
  • Japanese navy attacks Pearl Harbor on December 7,
    1941
  • US declares war on Japan December 8, 1941

30
The War in the Pacific
  • Japan takes over Southeast Asia and the Pacific
  • US fights Japan alone

31
Pacific Theater
32
The Home Front
  • Total War
  • Government control of economy
  • Rationing
  • Propaganda

33
Anti-Japanese Propaganda
34
War Propaganda
35
Rosie the Riveter
36
Major Battles
  • Battle of El-Alamein (1942)
  • Battle of Midway (1942)
  • Battle of Stalingrad (1942)

37
European Theater
38
The Holocaust
  • The Final Solution
  • Precedents
  • Nuremberg Laws, 1935
  • Kristallnacht, 1938

39
The Holocaust
  • Construction of concentration camps throughout
    Europe
  • Role of Collaborators

40
Nazi Concentration Camps
41
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42
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43
The Holocaust
  • Six million Jews died in the Holocaust
  • Other populations also suffered
  • Allies informed about the Holocaust as early as
    1942
  • Unable or unwilling to help?

44
The End of the War
  • D-Day June 6, 1944
  • Second Front
  • Operation Overlord
  • Soviets invade Germany from the East
  • Germany surrenders on May 8, 1945

45
The End of the War
  • Surrender of Germany allows Allies to focus on
    Japan
  • Fierce fighting on islands

46
Allied War Aims
  • Atlantic Charter
  • Unconditional Surrender by Germany and Japan

47
The End of the War
  • Manhattan Project
  • US drops first atom bomb on Hiroshima on August
    6, 1945
  • Japan surrendered on August 15, 1945

48
Atom Bomb over Hiroshima
49
Atom Bomb over Nagasaki
50
The End of the War
  • The Yalta Conference, February 1945
  • Plans to reconstruct Europe after the war

51
Yalta Conference
52
The End of the War
  • Potsdam Conference, July 1945
  • Changes in Allied leadership
  • Borders redrawn

53
Europe after World War II
54
The End of the War
  • Division of Germany
  • Japan occupied by the United States
  • World War II officially ends on September
    2, 1945
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