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NFC - Near Field Communication Technology


Presented By LAKSHITA VIJ 07IT525 NFC, is one of the latest wireless communication technologies. As a short-range wireless connectivity technolog,NFC offers safe yet ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NFC - Near Field Communication Technology

NFC - Near Field Communication Technology
  • Presented By
  • 07IT525

  •  NFC, is one of the latest wireless communication
    technologies. As a short-range wireless
    connectivity technolog,NFC offers safe yet simple
    communication between electronic devices.
  • It enables exchange of data between devices over
    a distance of 4 cm or less.
  • NFC operates at 13.56 MHz and rates ranging from
    106 kbit/s to 848 kbit/s.

How NFC Works
  • NFC is based on RFID technology that uses
    magnetic field induction between electronic
    devices in close proximity.
  • For two devices to communicate using NFC, one
    device must have an NFC reader/writer and one
    must have an NFC tag. The tag is essentially an
    integrated circuit containing data, connected to
    an antenna, that can be read or written by the

  • It works in two modes
  • Passive Communication Mode The Initiator device
    provides a carrier field and the target device
    answers by modulating the existing field. In this
    mode, the Target device may draw its operating
    power from the Initiator-provided electromagnetic
    field, thus making the Target device
    a transponder.
  • Active Communication Mode Both Initiator and
    Target device communicate by alternately
    generating their own fields. A device deactivates
    its RF field while it is waiting for data. In
    this mode, both devices typically have power

  • The technology is a simple extension of the
    ISO/IEC14443 proximity-card standard(contactless
    card, RFID) that combines the interface of a
    smartcard and a reader into a single device.
  • An NFC device can communicate with both existing
    ISO/IEC14443 smartcards and readers, as well as
    with other NFC devices, and is thereby compatible
    with contactless infrastructure already in use
    for public transportation and payment.
  • NFC is primarily aimed at usage in mobile
    phones. By 2013, one in five phones will have NFC
    (predicted by Juniper Research).
  • Japan is early adopter of NFC.

  • NFC employs two different coding to transfer
    data. If an active device transfers data at 106
    kbit/s, a modified Miller coding with
    100 modulation is used. In all other
    cases Manchester coding is used with a modulation
    ratio of 10.
  • NFC devices are able to receive and transmit data
    at the same time. Thus, they need to check the
    radio frequency field and can detect a collision
    if the received signal matches the transmitted
    signal's modulated frequency band.

Uses and Applications
  • There are currently three main uses of NFC
  • Card emulation The NFC device behaves like an
    existing contactless card
  • Reader mode The NFC device is active and reads a
    passive RFID tag, for example for interactive
  • P2P mode Two NFC devices communicating together
    and exchanging information.

  • Plenty of applications are possible, such as
  • Mobile ticketing in public transport an
    extension of the existing contactless
    infrastructure, such as Mobile Phone Boarding
  • Mobile payment
  • Smart poster the mobile phone is used to
    read RFID tags on outdoor billboards.
  • Bluetooth pairing in the future, pairing of
    Bluetooth 2.1 devices with NFC support will be as
    easy as bringing them close together and
    accepting the pairing.
  • Electronic ticketing
  • Electronic money
  • Travel cards
  • Identity documents

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  • Mobile commerce
  • Electronic keys replacements for physical car
    keys, house/office keys, hotel room keys, etc.
  • NFC can be used to configure and initiate other
    wireless network connections such
    as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi or Ultra-wideband.
  • A patent licensing program for NFC is currently
    under development by Via Licensing Corporation,
    an independent subsidiary of Dolby Laboratories.
  • A Public, platform independent Near Field
    Communication (NFC) library is released under the
    free GNU Lesser General Public License by the
    name libnfc.
  • In December 2008 the application eCL0WN was
    released which allows you to read and copy the
    chip content of biometric passports.

Comparison with Bluetooth
  • NFC and Bluetooth are both short-range
    communication technologies which are integrated
    into mobile phones. To avoid a complicated
    configuration process, NFC can be used for the
    set-up of wireless technologies, such as
  • NFC sets up faster than standard Bluetooth, but
    is not much faster than Bluetooth low energy.With
    NFC, instead of performing manual configurations
    to identify devices, the connection between two
    NFC devices is automatically established quickly
    in less than a tenth of a second. The maximum
    data transfer rate of NFC (424 kbit/s) is slower
    than that of Bluetooth V2.1 (2.1 Mbit/s).

  • With a maximum working distance of less than
    20 cm, NFC has a shorter range, which reduces the
    likelihood of unwanted interception. That makes
    NFC particularly suitable for crowded areas where
    correlating a signal with its transmitting
    physical device (and by extension, its user)
    becomes difficult.
  • In contrast to Bluetooth, NFC is compatible with
    existing passive RFID (13.56 MHz ISO/IEC 18000-3)
    infrastructures. NFC requires comparatively low
    power, similar to the Bluetooth V4.0 low energy
    protocol. However, when NFC works with an
    unpowered device (e.g. on a phone that may be
    turned off, a contactless smart credit card, a
    smart poster, etc.), the NFC power consumption is
    greater than that of Bluetooth V4.0 Low Energy.
    Illumination of the passive tag needs extra power.

  • Eavesdropping
  • Data Modification
  • Relay Attack
  • Lost Property
  • Walk Off

Future Devices and Use
  • On November 15, 2010 Eric Schmidt announced at
    the Web 2.0 Summit that the Android will support
    NFC starting from version 2.3 ("Gingerbread").
    The first Android handset which supports this
    technology is the Nexus S.
  • On January 25, 2011, Bloomberg  published a
    report stating that Apple was actively pursuing
    development of a mobile payment system employing
    NFC. New generations of iPhone, iPod and iPad
    products would reportedly be equipped with NFC
    capability which would enable small-scale
    monetary transactions.
  • Near Field Communications World stated on March
    21, 2011 that Sonim Technologies will add NFC to
    its XP3300 Force device later this year. 

  • Thank You
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