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Fahrenheit 451

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Fahrenheit 451 Themes IDENTITY Living divided lives (or split personalities) trying to be what we re not to please others or fit into society A lack of self ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fahrenheit 451


1
Fahrenheit 451
2
Themes
  • IDENTITY
  • Living divided lives (or split personalities)
  • trying to be what were not to please others or
    fit into society
  • A lack of self-awareness
  • What constitutes happiness (quality of life)?
  • Primary symbols Montags hands, warplanes
    splitting his head in two, Mildreds
    crypto-suicide attempt
  • CENSORSHIP
  • Suppression of ideas
  • Government dishonesty
  • Eliminating free protest
  • Primary symbols burning books
  • DUMBING DOWN/SPEEDING UP of culture
  • Decreased literacy
  • Increased audio-visual stimulation
  • Less time spent on family, nature more time
    spent on isolating activities and technology
  • Cultural brainwashing (advertisements)
  • Primary symbols illicit books, Denhams
    Dentrifice ad, speed minimums

3
Futurism
  • futurism
  • 1. A belief that the meaning of life and one's
    personal fulfillment lie in the future and not in
    the present or past.
  • 2. Expression of a vision of the future and its
    innovations.

4
Allegory
  • A symbolical narrative composed of characters,
    settings, and events that metaphorically
    represent other, often abstract, ideas.
  • In other words, A story that has deeper or more
    general meaning in addition to its surface
    meaning.
  • For example, in The Pilgrim's Progress, by John
    Bunyan, a character named Christian struggles to
    escape from a bog...The story of his difficulty
    is a symbol of the difficulty of leading a good
    life in the bog of this world. The bog is a
    metaphor or symbol of life's hardships and
    distractions. Similarly, when Christian loses a
    heavy pack that he has been carrying on his back,
    this symbolizes his freedom from the weight of
    sin that he has been carrying.

"allegory." The American Heritage New Dictionary
of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Houghton
Mifflin Company, 2005. 08 Mar. 2007.
ltDictionary.com http//dictionary.reference.com/br
owse/allegorygt.
5
Science Fiction
  • A narrative that takes a scientific hypothesis
    and then presents a vision of what life would be
    like if the hypothesis were true. This use of
    scientific imaginationthough often
    futuristicallows readers better to understand
    contemporary life.
  • Though science fiction is usually set in the
    future, it may also (or additionally) be set in
    outer space, or other dimensions in time or space.

6
Science Fiction
  • A science fiction story must be set against a
    society significantly different from our own --
    usually, but not necessarily, because of some
    change in the level of science and technology --
    or it is not a science fiction story.
  • Isaac Asimov

7
Common Elements of Science Fiction
  • Science fiction writers see the future as a
    result of the present
  • The technology of the future is predicted
  • There may be aliens involved, but the human
    struggle is ever-present.
  • Future societies are portrayed on earth with
    humans struggling with a changed earth

8
St. Thomas Mores Utopia (1516)
http//www.nypl.org/utopia/I_other_1.html
9
Mores Utopia
  • Communist city-state, with equality for all
    citizens
  • No poverty
  • Tolerance of all religions but atheism
  • Institutions governed by reason, social harmony,
    and coherence
  • Peaceful but prepared to defend itself, if only
    by hiring mercenaries from neighboring lands
  • The Cost
  • Individual Freedom
  • The right to protest

10
Utopia The Best of All Possible Worlds?
  • Definition of "utopia" (literally nowhere) Gk.
    ou 'no' topos 'place'
  • Webster's Dictionary 1 an imaginary and
    indefinitely remote place 2 a place of ideal
    perfection esp. in laws, government, and social
    conditions 3 an impractical scheme for social
    improvement.

11
Dystopia
  • dystopia
  • 1. an imaginary place where people lead
    dehumanized and often fearful lives
  • (Merriam Webster)

12
Utopia Dystopia
  • What would you consider to be a utopian society?
  • What are the ideals (e.g., freedom,
    responsibility, justice, community, etc.) that
    should be honored in a utopian society?
  • How or why do you think the concept of utopia has
    changed over time or varies between different
    cultures?
  • Can a utopian society ever be achieved? At what
    cost would it be worth attaining?
  • What is the purpose of fostering and maintaining
    a dystopian society?

13
First Amendment
  • The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution was
    ratified on December 15, 1791
  • CONGRESS SHALL MAKE NO LAW RESPECTING AN
    ESTABLISHMENT OF RELIGION, OR PROHIBITING THE
    FREE EXERCISE THEREOF OR ABRIDGING THE FREEDOM
    OF SPEECH, OR OF THE PRESS OR THE RIGHT OF THE
    PEOPLE PEACEABLY TO ASSEMBLE, AND TO PETITION THE
    GOVERNMENT FOR A REDRESS OF GRIEVANCES.
  • Whoever would overthrow the liberty of a nation
    must begin by subduing the freeness of
    speech.Benjamin Franklin

14
Censorship
  • Intellectual Freedom is the right of every
    individual to both seek and receive information
    from all points of view without restriction. It
    provides for free access to all expressions of
    ideas through which any and all sides of a
    question, cause or movement may be explored.
    Intellectual freedom encompasses the freedom to
    hold, receive and disseminate ideas.
  • Intellectual Freedom and Censorship Q A

15
  • A challenge is an attempt to remove or restrict
    materials, based upon the objections of a person
    or group.
  • A banning is the removal of those
  • materials.
  • Challenges do not simply involve a person
    expressing a point of view rather, they are an
    attempt to remove material from the curriculum or
    library, thereby restricting the access of
    others.

16
Banned Books
  • Its not just the books under fire now that
    worry me. It is the books that will never be
    written. The books that will never be read. And
    all due to the fear of censorship. As always,
    young readers will be the real losers. Judy
    Blume

17
Who Challenges Books?
  • Put simply, those who do not truly value
    intellectual freedom. They seek to suppress
    ideas that conflict with their own beliefs.

18
Between 1990 and 2000, of the 6,364 challenges
reported to or recorded by the Office for
Intellectual Freedom
  • 1,607 were challenges to sexually explicit
    material
  • 1,427 to material considered to use offensive
    language 1,256 to material considered unsuited
    to age group
  • 842 to material with an occult theme or
    promoting the occult or Satanism,
  • 737 to material considered to be violent
  • 515 to material with a homosexual theme or
    promoting homosexuality
  • 419 to material promoting a religious viewpoint.

19
The Top 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
2010
  • And Tango Makes Three, by Peter Parnell and
    Justin Richardson Reasons homosexuality,
    religious viewpoint, and unsuited to age group
  • The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian,
    by Sherman Alexie Reasons offensive language,
    racism, sex education, sexually explicit,
    unsuited to age group, and violence
  • Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley Reasons
    insensitivity, offensive language, racism, and
    sexually explicit
  • Crank, by Ellen Hopkins Reasons drugs,
    offensive language, and sexually explicit
  • The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins Reasons
    sexually explicit, unsuited to age group, and
    violence
  • Lush, by Natasha Friend Reasons drugs,
    offensive language, sexually explicit, and
    unsuited to age group
  • What My Mother Doesn't Know, by Sonya Sones
    Reasons sexism, sexually explicit, and unsuited
    to age group
  • Nickel and Dimed, by Barbara Ehrenreich Reasons
    drugs, inaccurate, offensive language, political
    viewpoint, and religious viewpoint
  • Revolutionary Voices, edited by Amy Sonnie
    Reasons  homosexuality and sexually explicit
  • Twilight, by Stephenie Meyer Reasons religious
    viewpoint and violence

20
The Top 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
the 2000s
  • 2009 1) ttyl ttfn l8r, g8r (series), by Lauren
    Myracle 2) And Tango Makes Three, by Peter
    Parnell and Justin Richardson 3) The Perks of
    Being A Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky 4) To
    Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee 5) Twilight
    (series) by Stephenie Meyer 6) Catcher in the
    Rye, by J.D. Salinger 7) My Sisters Keeper, by
    Jodi Picoult 8) The Earth, My Butt, and Other
    Big, Round Things, by Carolyn Mackler 9) The
    Color Purple, by Alice Walker 10) The Chocolate
    War, by Robert Cormier
  •    2008 1) And Tango Makes Three, by Justin
    Richardson and Peter Parnell 2) His Dark
    Materials trilogy, by Philip Pullman 3) ttyl
    ttfn l8r, g8r (series), by Lauren Myracle 4)
    Scary Stories (series), by Alvin Schwartz 5)
    Bless Me, Ultima, by Rudolfo Anaya 6) The Perks
    of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky 7)
    Gossip Girl (series), by Cecily von Ziegesar 8)
    Uncle Bobby's Wedding, by Sarah S. Brannen 9)
    The Kite Runner, by Khaled Hosseini 10)
    Flashcards of My Life, by Charise Mericle Harper
  •    2007 1) And Tango Makes Three, by Justin
    Richardson and Peter Parnell 2) The Chocolate
    War, by Robert Cormier 3) Olives Ocean, by
    Kevin Henkes 4) The Golden Compass, by Philip
    Pullman 5) The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn,
    by Mark Twain 6) The Color Purple, by Alice
    Walker 7) ttyl, by Lauren Myracle 8) I Know Why
    the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou 9) Its
    Perfectly Normal, by Robie Harris 10) The Perks
    of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky
  •    2006 1) And Tango Makes Three, by Justin
    Richardson and Peter Parnell 2) Gossip Girl
    (series), by Cecily Von Ziegesar 3) Alice
    (series), by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor 4) The
    Earth, My Butt, and Other Big Round Things, by
    Carolyn Mackler 5) The Bluest Eye, by Toni
    Morrison 6) Scary Stories (series), by Alvin
    Schwartz 7) Athletic Shorts, by Chris Crutcher
    8) The Perks of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen
    Chbosky 9) Beloved, by Toni Morrison 10) The
    Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier
  •    

21
The Top 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
the 2000s
  • 2006 1) And Tango Makes Three, by Justin
    Richardson and Peter Parnell 2) Gossip Girl
    (series), by Cecily Von Ziegesar 3) Alice
    (series), by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor 4) The
    Earth, My Butt, and Other Big Round Things, by
    Carolyn Mackler 5) The Bluest Eye, by Toni
    Morrison 6) Scary Stories (series), by Alvin
    Schwartz 7) Athletic Shorts, by Chris Crutcher
    8) The Perks of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen
    Chbosky 9) Beloved, by Toni Morrison 10) The
    Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier
  •    2005 1) Its Perfectly Normal Changing
    Bodies, Growing Up, Sex, and Sexual Health, by
    Robie H. Harris 2) Forever, by Judy Blume 3)
    The Catcher in the Rye, by J. D. Salinger 4) The
    Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier 5) Whale Talk,
    by Chris Crutcher 6) Detour for Emmy, by Marilyn
    Reynolds 7) What My Mother Doesnt Know, by
    Sonya Sones 8) Captain Underpants (series), by
    Dav Pilkey 9) Crazy Lady!, by Jane Leslie Conly
    10) Its So Amazing! A Book about Eggs, Sperm,
    Birth, Babies, and Families, by Robie H. Harris
  •    2004 1) The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier
    2) Fallen Angels, by Walter Dean Meyers 3)
    Arming America The Origins of a National Gun
    Culture, by Michael A. Bellesiles 4) Captain
    Underpants (series), by Dav Pilkey 5) The Perks
    of Being a Wallflower, by Stephen Chbosky 6)
    What My Mother Doesnt Know, by Sonya Sones 7)
    In the Night Kitchen, by Maurice Sendak 8) King
    King, by Linda deHaan 9) I Know Why the Caged
    Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou 10) Of Mice and Men,
    by John Steinbeck 
  •    

22
The Top 10 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
the 2000s
  • 2003 1) Alice (series), by Phyllis Reynolds
    Naylor 2) Harry Potter (series), by J.K.
    Rowling 3) Of Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck
    4) Arming America The Origins of a National Gun
    Culture, by Michael Bellesiles 5) Fallen Angels,
    by Walter Dean Myers 6) Go Ask Alice, by
    Anonymous 7) Its Perfectly Normal, by Robie
    Harris 8) We All Fall Down, by Robert Cormier
    9) King King, by Linda de Haan 10) Bridge to
    Terabithia, by Katherine Paterson
  •    2002 1) Harry Potter, by J.K. Rowling 2)
    Alice (series), by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor 3)
    The Chocolate War, by Robert Cormier 4) I Know
    Why the Caged Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou 5)
    Taming the Star Runner, by S.E. Hinton 6)
    Captain Underpants, by Dav Pilkey 7) The
    Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain 8)
    Bridge to Terabithia, by Katherine Paterson 9)
    Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry, by Mildred D.
    Taylor 10) Julie of the Wolves, by Jean
    Craighead George 
  •    2001 1) Harry Potter, by J.K. Rowling 2) Of
    Mice and Men, by John Steinbeck 3) The Chocolate
    War, by Robert Cormier 4) I Know Why the Caged
    Bird Sings, by Maya Angelou 5) Summer of My
    German Soldier, by Bette Greene 6) The Catcher
    in the Rye, by J.D. Salinger 7) Alice (series),
    by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor 8) Go Ask Alice, by
    Anonymous 9) Fallen Angels, by Walter Dean
    Myers 10) Blood and Chocolate, by Annette Curtis
    Klause
  •    

23
The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
19902000
  1. Scary Stories (Series) by Alvin Schwartz
  2. Daddy's Roommate by Michael Willhoite
  3. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou
  4. The Chocolate War by Robert Cormier
  5. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
  6. Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
  7. Harry Potter (Series) by J.K. Rowling
  8. Forever by Judy Blume
  9. Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson
  10. Alice (Series) by Phyllis Reynolds Naylor
  11. Heather Has Two Mommies by Leslea Newman
  12. My Brother Sam is Dead by James Lincoln Collier
    and Christopher Collier
  13. The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
  14. The Giver by Lois Lowry
  15. It's Perfectly Normal by Robie Harris
  16. Goosebumps (Series) by R.L. Stine
  17. A Day No Pigs Would Die by Robert Newton Peck
  18. The Color Purple by Alice Walker
  19. Sex by Madonna

24
The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
19902000
  1. The Great Gilly Hopkins by Katherine Paterson
  2. A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L'Engle
  3. Go Ask Alice by Anonymous
  4. Fallen Angels by Walter Dean Myers
  5. In the Night Kitchen by Maurice Sendak
  6. The Stupids (Series) by Harry Allard
  7. The Witches by Roald Dahl
  8. The New Joy of Gay Sex by Charles Silverstein
  9. Anastasia Krupnik (Series) by Lois Lowry
  10. The Goats by Brock Cole
  11. Kaffir Boy by Mark Mathabane
  12. Blubber by Judy Blume
  13. Killing Mr. Griffin by Lois Duncan
  14. Halloween ABC by Eve Merriam
  15. We All Fall Down by Robert Cormier
  16. Final Exit by Derek Humphry
  17. The Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood
  18. Julie of the Wolves by Jean Craighead George
  19. The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison

25
The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
19902000
  1. To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  2. Beloved by Toni Morrison
  3. The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton
  4. The Pigman by Paul Zindel
  5. Bumps in the Night by Harry Allard
  6. Deenie by Judy Blume
  7. Flowers for Algernon by Daniel Keyes
  8. Annie on my Mind by Nancy Garden
  9. The Boy Who Lost His Face by Louis Sachar
  10. Cross Your Fingers, Spit in Your Hat by Alvin
    Schwartz
  11. A Light in the Attic by Shel Silverstein
  12. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
  13. Sleeping Beauty Trilogy by A.N. Roquelaure (Anne
    Rice)
  14. Asking About Sex and Growing Up by Joanna Cole
  15. Cujo by Stephen King
  16. James and the Giant Peach by Roald Dahl
  17. The Anarchist Cookbook by William Powell
  18. Boys and Sex by Wardell Pomeroy
  19. Ordinary People by Judith Guest

26
The 100 Most Frequently Challenged Books of
19902000
  • What's Happening to my Body? Book for Boys A
    Growing-Up Guide for Parents Sons by Lynda
    Madaras
  • Are You There, God? It's Me, Margaret by Judy
    Blume
  • Crazy Lady by Jane Conly
  • Athletic Shorts by Chris Crutcher
  • Fade by Robert Cormier
  • Guess What? by Mem Fox
  • The House of Spirits by Isabel Allende
  • The Face on the Milk Carton by Caroline Cooney
  • Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut
  • Lord of the Flies by William Golding
  • Native Son by Richard Wright
  • Women on Top How Real Life Has Changed Women's
    Fantasies by Nancy Friday
  • Curses, Hexes and Spells by Daniel Cohen
  • Jack by A.M. Homes
  • Bless Me, Ultima by Rudolfo A. Anaya
  • Where Did I Come From? by Peter Mayle
  • Carrie by Stephen King
  • Tiger Eyes by Judy Blume
  • On My Honor by Marion Dane Bauer
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