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One Common Thread : Bread

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More than sustenance! * * One Common Thread : Bread More than sustenance! Time-line of Bread 73000 BC Asia Crushed grain mush 8000 BC Asia- Heated over fire 3000 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: One Common Thread : Bread


1
One Common Thread Bread
  • More than sustenance!

2
One Common Thread Bread
  • More than sustenance!

3
Time-line of Bread
  • 73000 BC Asia Crushed grain mush
  • 8000 BC Asia- Heated over fire
  • 3000 BC Mesopotamia First baking vessels
  • 2000 BC Switzerland- First bread in Europe
  • 1500 BC Egypt- First leavened bread (40 types)
  • 1400 BC Egypt- Jews left Matzo Passover
  • 800 BC Greece- Refined art of bread making
  • 300 BC Rome- Bakers guilds Mud
    ovens Water/wind mills for grinding
  • 70 AD Rome- First published cookbook
  • 100 AD Rome- First baking school
  • 1000 AD England- Trenchers (first bread bowls)

4
Time-line of Bread
  • 1202 AD England- First laws regulating bread
  • 1307 AD England- Rift between bakers of
    white bread and brown bread
  • 1620 AD Atlantic ocean- Ships biscuits
  • 1700 AD America- Batter breads
  • 1760 AD England- Earl of Sandwich
  • 1793 AD France- Let them eat cake
  • 1800s England- Refined bread for aristocracy
  • 1860s America- Quick breads
  • 1928 AD America- Sliced bread
  • 1930 AD America- First fortifying w/ nutrients
  • 1940s Russia- Bread of immeasurable value
  • 1996 AD Jordan- Riots over price of bread

5
Bread Ingredients
  • In its purest form
  • Ground grain
  • Water
  • Salt
  • Unleavened or leavened with yeast
  • Wide array of grain flours
  • Wheat for gluten
  • Herbs, fruits, onions, olives, seeds, etc.

6
Why is bread the staff of life?
  • Inexpensive source of calories
  • Excellent source of carbohydrates
  • High in fiber (if whole grain)
  • Protein
  • Gluten in wheat is a partially complete protein
  • Excellent source of most B vitamins
  • plus some vitamin E and K
  • Wide array of minerals
  • Fe, Ca, Mg, P, Cu, Mn, Se, Zn, Cr
  • Low in fat

7
Current Dietary Guidelines
  • Make half of your grain intake whole grains
  • 3 whole grains per day for a 2000 kcal diet
  • Whole grains, as part of a healthy diet, may
    protect again chronic disease
  • FDA has approved 3 whole grain health claims
    statements for use on labels

8
What kind of bread should I choose?
  • Look for a WHOLE GRAIN BREAD
  • Whole grain or Whole wheat as first
    ingredient
  • Label that says 100 Whole Grain
  • Dont be fooled by Wheat Bread, Stone Ground
    or brown colored breads
  • Enriched flours or breads have some nutrients
    replaced, but they do not contain everything that
    a whole grain bread does

9
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10
Our Project
  • Most cultures view bread as an critical part of
    life
  • Actually synonymous with the word life
    or a similar derivative in many
    languages
  • An integral part of life in most cultures
    deserves further study . . .
  • We are currently collecting recipes information
    in 2 categories
  • 1) Everyday breads
  • 2) Celebratory breads

11
Traditional Celebratory Breads
  • What about rituals?
  • Consider based on the form of ritual
  • Family Celebrations--holidays
  • Family Traditions--vacations, birthdays
  • Patterned interactions--dinner, bedtime, etc
  • Consider based on the purpose of ritual
  • Connection rituals--outings, vacations, etc
  • Love rituals--birthdays, Mothers Day, etc
  • Community rituals--weddings, religious
    activities
  • All are common in most cultures!
    Wolin Bennett-- Doherty

12
Traditional Celebratory Breads
  • Value of Rituals Traditional Celebrations
  • 1) Stability
  • (predictable, links past future)
  • 2) Continuity Security
  • (life goes on)
  • 3) Protective positive forces during trauma
  • (Ill be OK)
  • something as common as bread can be an
    important part of traditions, rituals and
    celebrations

13
Results. . .
  • Responses vary greatly
  • Common thread-
  • Those who respond have positive memories
  • Lets let some of them tell you!

14
Sample cultures
Culture Daily   Holiday
Egypt/Jewish Exodus Matzo Challah
Greece Pita Bread Pita Bread Tsoureki (easter egg bread)
France Baguette Pastries
Italy Peasant Bread Peasant Bread Foccacia
Holland Oliebollen Pofferffes
England Malt Loaf Crumpets
America Corn Bread Corn Bread Anadama
Russia Black Rye Black Rye Kulich (Russian Easter Bread)
Hawaii Hawaiian Sweet Bread Hawaiian Sweet Bread Aloha Bread
Finland Rye Bread Rye Bread Finnish Easter Bread
Middle East Pita Bread Pita Bread Yemen Sponge Bread
New Zealand Pakipaki Foccacia
Germany Gingerbread Loaf (early monks) Gingerbread Loaf (early monks) Stollen
15
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16
Classroom Applications
  • Foodsthis is a given and well move on!
  • TLC
  • Adult Roles and Financial Literacy
  • Clothing/Fashion Strategies
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Teen Living
  • Interior design
  • Child development
  • Hospitality
  • Life management
  • Consumer economics
  • Child care

17
Handout contents
  • Project letter forms
  • Recipes (thus far)
  • Breadmaker adaptation when available
  • Book list
  • Web links

18
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