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BY: DR. OLAJIDE F.O

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CHILD HEALTH BY: DR. OLAJIDE F.O Introduction Who is a child? MDGs and child health!!! Objectives of the child health programmes To promote physical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BY: DR. OLAJIDE F.O


1
CHILD HEALTH
  • BY DR. OLAJIDE F.O

2
Introduction
  • Who is a child?
  • MDGs and child health!!!

3
Objectives of the child health programmes
  • To promote physical, emotional, psychological and
    social growth and development of children in
    order to have a healthy and economically
    productive populace.
  • To reduce infant and childhood mortality and
    morbidity through prevention, early
    identification and prompt management of illness

4
NOTE 10 million children die yearly from middle
and low-income countries. Seven in ten of these
deaths are due to five preventable diseases.
  • What are the major five?
  • Malaria
  • Pneumonia
  • Diarrhoea
  • Measles
  • Malnutrition
  • Not only singly but could have a combination of
    these.
  • Note that HIV will kill in any of these forms

5
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6
Why these deaths?
  • Poverty
  • Delay in showing up with illness
  • Lack of facilities
  • Rural-urban disparities
  • Absolute lack
  • Poor Health care delivery system
  • Inappropriate assessment of children
  • Incompetent health personnel
  • Lack of facilities and resources
  • Staff
  • Laboratories
  • Drugs
  • Referral system
  • Absent Quality Control

7
DEFINITION OF CHILD SURVIVAL
  • Child survival is the term presently accepted to
    describe programmes developed to decrease
    mortality and morbidity of human beings from
    birth until five years of age

8
Child survival strategies
  • GOBIFFFEETH
  • Growth monitoring
  • Oral Rehydration Therapy
  • Breastfeeding
  • Immunization
  • Female education
  • Family planning

9
Child survival strategies
  • GOBIFFFEETH
  • Food supplementation
  • Environmental Sanitation
  • Essential drugs
  • Treatment of Common diseases
  • Health Education

10
NEWER CONCEPTS IN CHILD SURVIVAL
  • IMCI.

11
What is IMCI?
  • IMCI is an integrated approach to child health
    that focuses on the well-being of the whole
    child. IMCI aims to reduce-
  • Death
  • illnesses
  • Disabilities
  • Promote-
  • Improved growth and
  • development among children under 5 years

12
Strategies for achieving goals
  • In health facilities-
  • Promotes more accurate identification of
    childhood illnesses in outpatient settings
  • Ensures appropriate combined treatment of all
    major diseases
  • Strengthens the counselling of caregivers
  • Speeds up the referrals of severely ill child
  • In the home setting
  • Promotes appropriate care seeking behaviours
  • Improved nutrition
  • Improved preventative care
  • Correct implementation of prescribed care

13
3 Main Components of the Strategy
  • Improving case management skills of the
    health-care staff
  • to do this, countries develop and adapt local
    guidelines, train health care providers, and
    train health workers in problem-solving in the
    community.
  • Clinical training course
  • Adaptation guide
  • Improving the overall health system
  • to do this, countries develop interventions to
    improve the availability of drugs and supplies,
    strengthen the service quality and organization
    at health facilities, reinforce referral
    services, and ensure equity of access to health
    care.

14
3 Main Components of the Strategy contd.
  • Improving family and community health care
    practices   -
  • to do this, countries develop interventions to
    strengthen community participation, promote
    appropriate family response to childhood illness,
    promote child nutrition, and create safe
    environments for children.

15
The School Age Child
  • HEALTH PROBLEMS OF THE SCHOOL CHILD
  • Accidents RTA, falls
  • Infections malaria, RTI, tonsilitis, ear and eye
    infections
  • Sickle cell diseases
  • malnutrition
  • Skin problems ring worm, scabies
  • Impairments
  • Social problems e.t.c

16
Factors influencing the health of school children
in developing countries
  • Genetic factors
  • Environmental factors
  • Socio economic factors
  • Health Services
  • Education of parents

17
National School Health Policy
  • Released in the year 2006
  • Goals are to
  • Enhance the quality of health in the school
    community
  • Create an enabling environment for intersectoral
    partnership in the promotion of child friendly
    school environment, for teaching learning and
    health development

18
Definition of the School Health Programme
  • Procedure that contribute to the understanding,
    maintenance and improvement of the health of
    pupils and school personnel.

19
Objectives of the School Health Programme
  • Promotion and maintenance of healthy growth and
    development in all school children
  • Controlling the spread of communicable diseases
    among school children
  • Promotion of optimum sanitary conditions in
    schools
  • Provision of emergency care for school children

20
Objectives of the School Health Programme 2
  • Inculcating the principles of good health into
    school children
  • Counseling teachers, pupils and parents
  • Appraisal of the health status of school children
    in order to detect early, any derailment from
    wellbeing with prompt treatment and follow up

21
School Health Programmes
  • COMPONENTS
  • School Health Services
  • Healthful School Environments
  • School Feeding services
  • Skills based Health Education
  • Schools, home and Community Relationships

22
Adolescents
  • Adolescents are individuals aged 10-19 years.
  • Common health problems classified as
  • those due to risky sexual behavior teenage
    unwanted, unplanned pregnancy and STIs, including
    HIV infection
  • those due to peer group influence alcoholism,
    other forms of drug abuse/addiction, group rape,
    gangs and intentional injuries
  • other health problems juvenile delinquency,
    cultism, armed robbery, identity crises,
    rebelliousness, and truancy.

23
  • Thank You
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