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Winter Operations


Install and check smoke detectors. Keep pipes from freezing ... Check the battery. Antifreeze. Wipers and windshield washer fluid. Ignition symptom. Thermostat ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Winter Operations

Winter Operations
  • Winter Weather Conditions
  • Winter Weather Advisory Winter weather
    conditions are expected to cause significant
    inconveniences and may be hazardous, especially
    to motorists
  • Winter Storm Watch Be alert, a storm is
  • Winter Storm Warning Take action, the storm is
    occurring or will soon occur in the area
  • Blizzard Warning Snow and strong winds combined
    will produce blinding snow, near zero visibility,
    deep drifts, and life threatening wind chill
    seek refuge immediately
  • Frost / Freeze Warning Below freezing
    temperatures are expected

  • Be familiar with winter storm warning messages
  • Have rock salt on hand to melt ice on walkways
    and kitty litter to generate temporary traction
  • Make sure you have sufficient heating fuel
    regular fuel sources may be cut off
  • Winterize your home
  • Have safe emergency heating equipment available
  • Install and check smoke detectors
  • Keep pipes from freezing
  • Have disaster supplies on hand, in case the power
    goes off
  • Develop an emergency communication plan

During the Storm
  • Stay indoors and dress warmly
  • Conserve fuel
  • Lower the thermostat to 65 degrees during the day
    and 55 degrees at night. Close off unused rooms
  • If outdoors wear loose fitting, layered, light
    weight clothing. Layers can be removed to prevent
    perspiration and chill.
  • If you go out to shovel snow, take frequent
  • Cover your mouth to protect your lungs from
    extremely cold air
  • Avoid overexertion, cold weather puts an added
    strain on your heart. Be aware of symptoms of
  • Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia
  • Remember wind chill

Signs of Frostbite Hypothermia
  • Frostbite is a severe reaction to cold exposure
    that can permanently damage its victim. A loss of
    feeling and a white pale appearance in fingers,
    toes, nose, and ear lobes are symptoms of
  • Hypothermia is a condition brought on when the
    body temperature drops to less than 95 degrees
    Fahrenheit. Symptoms include uncontrollable
    shivering, slow speech, memory lapses, frequent
    stumbling, drowsiness, and exhaustion

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Treatment of Frostbite or Hypothermia
  • Never give a victim something with caffeine in it
    (like coffee or tea) or alcohol. Caffeine, a
    stimulant, can cause the heart to beat faster and
    hasten the effects the cold has on the body.
    Alcohol, a depressant, can slow the heart and
    also hasten the ill effects of cold body
  • Begin warming the person slowly and seek
    immediate medical assistance. Warm the persons
    trunk first. Use your own body heat to help. Arms
    and legs should be warmed last because
    stimulation of the limbs can drive cold blood
    toward the heart and lead to heart failure.
  • Put person in dry clothing and wrap their body in
    a blanket.

Re-warming the extremity
  • Subsequently, a nice rule of thumb is as follows
    Water should be warmed to approximately 104
    degrees Fahrenheit. This is the water that should
    be used to rapidly re-warm. This temperature is
    about that of a hot tub. After warming the water,
    if you place your hand in the water and
    immediately have to take it out, it is clearly
    above 104 degrees. At 104 degrees, one can leave
    their hand in the water for an extended period of
    time without feeling pain.

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Before the storm
  • Check the battery
  • Antifreeze
  • Wipers and windshield washer fluid
  • Ignition symptom
  • Thermostat
  • Lights
  • Flashing hazard lights
  • Exhaust system
  • Heater
  • Brakes
  • Defroster
  • Oil Level ( may replace with winter grade oil)
  • Install winter tires
  • Keep a windshield scraper for snow and ice

If you are trapped in your car
  • Pull off the road, set hazard lights to flashing
    and hang a distress flag from the radio aerial or
    window. Remain in your vehicle.
  • Conserve fuel, but run the engine and heater
    about ten minutes each hour to keep warm, crack
    the downwind window slightly to prevent carbon
    monoxide poisoning.
  • Exercise to maintain body heat but dont
    overexert. Huddle with other passengers and use
    your coat for a blanket.
  • Use road maps, seat covers, floor mats,
    newspapers or extra clothing for covering.
  • In remote areas spread a large cloth over the
    snow to attract rescue planes.
  • Do not set out on foot unless you see a building
    close by where you know you can take shelter.